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Buenos Aires, Argentina

The Latin American Social science Institute or Latin American School of Social science is an inter-governmental autonomous organization for Latin America and the Caribbean dedicated to research, teaching and spreading of social science.It was created on April 17, 1957, following a UNESCO initiative at the Latin American Conference on Social science in Rio de Janeiro. Its membership is open to Latin American and Caribbean countries that subscribe the FLACSO agreement. Current members include: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Cuba, Chile, Ecuador, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Dominican Republic and Suriname. Wikipedia.

Fontaine G.,Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences
Energy Policy | Year: 2011

This article addresses the consequences of different modes of energy governance on the energy matrix. Energy governance is understood as a regulation system of the energy related interplays between the State, the society and the economy. The energy matrix is a useful instrument for comparative policy analysis, since it informs us about production and consumption trends, by sources and sectors. Our central argument is that energy governance follows two different patterns, one hierarchical and the other cooperative, that are not necessarily determined by the initial factors allocation, and produce different effects on the energy matrix. Hierarchical governance is based on centralized decision-making and State-centered development, while co-governance is based on decentralized decision-making and market-oriented development. To develop this argument, we compare the energy matrix from the five Andean countries (Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia). © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

De Andrade L.O.M.,Oswaldo Cruz Foundation | Filho A.P.,Oswaldo Cruz Foundation | Solar O.,Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences | Rigoli F.,Pan American Health Organization | And 5 more authors.
The Lancet | Year: 2015

Many intrinsically related determinants of health and disease exist, including social and economic status, education, employment, housing, and physical and environmental exposures. These factors interact to cumulatively affect health and disease burden of individuals and populations, and to establish health inequities and disparities across and within countries. Biomedical models of health care decrease adverse consequences of disease, but are not enough to effectively improve individual and population health and advance health equity. Social determinants of health are especially important in Latin American countries, which are characterised by adverse colonial legacies, tremendous social injustice, huge socioeconomic disparities, and wide health inequities. Poverty and inequality worsened substantially in the 1980s, 1990s, and early 2000s in these countries. Many Latin American countries have introduced public policies that integrate health, social, and economic actions, and have sought to develop health systems that incorporate multisectoral interventions when introducing universal health coverage to improve health and its upstream determinants. We present case studies from four Latin American countries to show the design and implementation of health programmes underpinned by intersectoral action and social participation that have reached national scale to effectively address social determinants of health, improve health outcomes, and reduce health inequities. Investment in managerial and political capacity, strong political and managerial commitment, and state programmes, not just time-limited government actions, have been crucial in underpinning the success of these policies. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Luna F.,Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences | Vanderpoel S.,Singapore Public Cord Blood Bank
Bioethics | Year: 2013

This paper challenges the traditional account of vulnerability in healthcare which conceptualizes vulnerability as a list of identifiable subpopulations. This list of 'usual suspects', focusing on groups from lower resource settings, is a narrow account of vulnerability. In this article we argue that in certain circumstances middle-class individuals can be also rendered vulnerable. We propose a relational and layered account of vulnerability and explore this concept using the case study of cord blood (CB) banking. In the first section, two different approaches to 'vulnerability' are contrasted: categorical versus layered. In the second section, we describe CB banking and present a case study of CB banking in Argentina. We examine the types of pressure that middle-class pregnant women feel when considering CB collection and storage. In section three, we use the CB banking case study to critique the categorical approach to vulnerability: this model is unable to account for the ways in which these women are vulnerable. A layered account of vulnerability identifies several ways in which middle-class women are vulnerable. Finally, by utilizing the layered approach, this paper suggests how public health policies could be designed to overcome vulnerabilities. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Cuvi N.,Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences
Dynamis | Year: 2011

During World War II, the United States implemented programs to exploit hundreds of raw materials in Latin America, many of them botanical. This required the participation of the country's scientific community and marked the beginning of intervention in Latin American countries characterized by the active participation of the United States in negotiations (and not only by private firms supported by the U.S.). To this end, many federal institutions and companies were created, others were adapted, and universities, research centres and pharmaceutical companies were contracted. The programmes un-dertaken by this coalition of institutions served to build and consolidate the dependence of Latin American countries on United States technology, to focus their economies on the extraction and development of resources that the United States could not obtain at home (known as complementary) and to impede the development of competition. Latin American republics had been historically dependant on raw material exports (minerals and plants). However, during World War li, their dependence on US loans, markets, science and technology reached record levels. One example of this can be appreciated through a careful examination of the Cinchona Programme, implemented in the 1940s by US agencies In Latin America. This program for the extraction of a single medicinal plant, apart from representing a new model of scientific Imperialism (subsequently renamed scientiflc cooperation) was the most intensive and extensive scientific exploration of a single medicinal plant in the history of mankind. Source

Casillas R.,Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences
Globalizations | Year: 2011

This study explores what happens to migrants from Central America to the US during their journey through Mexico. It traces the ways in which the negative interaction of undocumented immigrants with restrictive North American policies for international immigration and their dealings with international companies providing remittances, along with the evolution of criminal networks on a national scale, increase the vulnerability of these immigrants. The resulting scenario is one marked by systemic risks, a slow process of development that has now reached worrisome levels, and gaps in national governability of the immigration processes under study that exist from the outset and have been filled by a variety of social agents. © 2011 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

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