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Poch F.G.M.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Rieder C.,Fraunhofer Institute for Medical Image Computing | Ballhausen H.,Fraunhofer Institute for Medical Image Computing | Knappe V.,Laser und Medizin Technology GmbH | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Hyperthermia | Year: 2016

Purpose: Major limitations of conventional RFA are vascular cooling effects. However, vascular cooling effects are supposed to be less pronounced in multipolar RFA. The objective of this ex vivo study was a systematic evaluation of the vascular cooling effects in multipolar RFA. Materials and methods: Multipolar RFA with three bipolar RFA applicators was performed ex vivo in porcine liver (applicator distance 20 mm, energy input 40 kJ). A saline-perfused glass tube (‘vessel’) was placed parallel to the applicators in order to simulate a natural liver vessel. Five applicator-to-vessel geometries were tested. A liquid-filled glass tube without perfusion was used as a dry run. Ablations were orthogonally cut to the applicators at a defined height. Cooling effects were analysed qualitatively and quantitatively along these cross sectional areas. Results: Thirty-six ablations were performed. A cooling effect could be seen in all ablations with perfused vessels compared to the dry run. While this cooling effect did not have any influence on the ablation areas (859–1072 mm2 versus 958 mm2 in the dry run, p > 0.05), it had a distinctive impact on ablation shape. A vascular cooling effect could be observed in all ablations with perfusion directly around the vessel independent of the applicator position compared to the dry run (p < 0.01). Conclusions: A vascular cooling effect occurred in all multipolar RFA with simulated liver vessels ex vivo independent of the applicator-to-vessel geometry. While the cooling effect did not influence the total ablation area, it had a distinctive impact on the ablation shape. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group


PubMed | Charité - Medical University of Berlin, Laser und Medizin Technology GmbH and TU Berlin
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of biomedical optics | Year: 2014

Raman spectroscopy based discrimination of cervical precancer and normal tissue has been shown previously in vivo with fiber probe based measurements of colposcopically selected sites. With a view to developing in vivo large area imaging, macro raster scans of native cervical cone biopsies with an average of 200 spectra per sample are implemented (n=16). The diagnostic performance is evaluated using histopathological mapping of the cervix surface. Different data reduction and classification methods (principal component analysis, wavelets, k-nearest neighbors, logistic regression, partial least squares discriminant analysis) are compared. Using bootstrapping to estimate confidence intervals for sensitivity and specificity, it is concluded that differences among different spectra classification procedures are not significant. The classification performance is evaluated depending on the tissue pathologies included in the analysis using the average performance of different classification procedures. The highest sensitivity (91%) and specificity (81%) is obtained for the discrimination of normal squamous epithelium and high-grade precancer. When other non-high-grade tissue sites, such as columnar epithelium, metaplasia, and inflammation, are included, the diagnostic performance decreases.

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