Evans R.L.,University of Cardiff |
Changani K.K.,LAS Platform Technology and Science |
Hotee S.,LAS Platform Technology and Science |
Pindoria K.,LAS Platform Technology and Science |
And 5 more authors.
Experimental Lung Research | Year: 2015
Purpose: Asthma is associated with reversible airway obstruction, leucocyte infiltration, airways hyperresponsiveness (AHR), and airways remodeling. Fluid accumulation causes pulmonary edema contributing to airways obstruction. We examined the temporal relationship between the late asthmatic response (LAR) following allergen challenge of sensitized guinea-pigs and pulmonary edema measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Materials and Methods: Ovalbumin (OVA) sensitized guinea-pigs received either a single OVA inhalation (acute) or nine OVA inhalations at 48 h intervals (chronic). Airways obstruction was measured as specific airways conductance (sGaw) by whole body plethysmography. AHR to inhaled histamine and bronchoalveolar lavage for leucocyte counts were measured 24 h after a single or the final chronic ovalbumin challenges. MRI was performed at intervals after OVA challenge and high-intensity edemic signals were quantified. Results: Ovalbumin caused early bronchoconstriction, followed at 7 h by an LAR and at 24 h AHR and leucocyte influx. The bright-intensity MRI edema signal, peaking at 7 h, was significantly (P < .05) greater after chronic (9.0 ± 0.7 × 103 mm3) than acute OVA (7.6 ± 0.2 × 103 mm3). Dexamethasone treatment before acute OVA abolished the AHR and LAR and significantly reduced eosinophils and the bright-intensity MRI edema from 9.1 ± 1.0 to 6.4 ± 0.3 × 103 mm3. Conclusion: We show a temporal relationship between edema and the LAR and their parallel reduction, along with eosinophils and AHR, by dexamethasone. This suggests a close causative association between pulmonary edema and impaired airways function. © 2015 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. Source