Spire B.,Aix - Marseille University |
Nait-Ighil L.,MSD France |
Pugliese P.,Larchet Hospital |
Poizot-Martin I.,Ste Marguerite Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
HIV Clinical Trials | Year: 2017
Background: Good efficacy and safety of raltegravir in person living with HIV was demonstrated in clinical trials over five years, but real-life data, particularly about quality of life (QoL), are lacking. QoL was evaluated over time in adult patients first treated or switched to regimens containing raltegravir in an observational cohort study. Methods: Patient QoL was evaluated using the Fatigue Impact Scale (FIS) and the HIV Symptom Index (HSI). Data were collected at baseline and at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Baseline FIS and HSI subscores were compared with the scores at each visit using the paired Wilcoxon test. The impact of time, sociodemographic and medical variables upon patient-perceived fatigue and symptoms was also assessed using mixed multivariate models. Results: From baseline, all FIS and HSI subscores improved significantly after one month of treatment. In addition, psychosocial FIS subscores and both the frequency of bothersome symptoms and HSI subscores improved significantly at each visit. Physical FIS subscores also improved significantly, except at month 18, whereas both cognitive and total FIS subscores improved only after 6 months and 24 months, respectively. In multivariate analysis, employment was independently associated over time with improved improvement in both FIS and HSI subscores. Conclusion: Patient QoL improved significantly over a 24-month period of treatment with a raltegravir-containing regimen. FIS and HSI are sensitive tools to measure the impact of new antiretroviral combinations on a patient’s perception of QoL. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Nicolas M.,LArchet Hospital |
Christian G.,Saint Louis Hospital
Expert Review of Hematology | Year: 2015
This review discusses promising new approaches in classical Hodgkin's lymphoma that have been recently evaluated. There is a focus on the fluorodeoxyglucose PET scanning that is now considered crucial for staging and treatment evaluation, including interim evaluation after two cycles. An up-front treatment strategy is discussed, with the place of radiation therapy and the difficult choice of chemotherapy intensity emphasized. Indications for frail patients are also reviewed, particularly elderly or HIV-positive patients. Emerging data on the antibody drug conjugate brentuximab vedotin and its future potential in the transplantation framework for relapsed/refractory Hodgkin's lymphoma is also discussed. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.
Heutte N.,University of Caen Lower Normandy |
Haioun C.,Henri Mondor Hospital |
Feugier P.,Nancy University Hospital Center |
Coiffier B.,Center Hospitalier Lyon Sud |
And 6 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2011
We aimed to assess quality of life (QoL) following front-line autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) and the QoL relationship with rituximab maintenance, in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Patients were then randomized to either one weekly rituximab injection for 4 weeks, or observation alone. Patients (n=269) were given the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 questionnaires. Scales for all symptoms exhibited similar temporal patterns, with a marked increase, followed by a plateau after 1 year. The proportion of patients with a clinically significant improvement varied from 6% (constipation) to 56% (fatigue). Age, gender, and previous treatment-induced toxicities were not predictive of variations in QoL. Rituximab significantly reduced pain and symptom severity. Our results for QoL showed that patients experienced rapid recovery after ASCT in all the domains tested. Differences in QoL improvement with time were not connected with rituximab maintenance. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd.
PubMed | lArchet Hospital, Hotel Dieu Hospital, Saint Louis Hospital, University Paris - Sud and 7 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy | Year: 2015
Therapeutic control of HIV replication reduces the size of the viral reservoir, particularly among central memory CD4+ T cells, and this effect might be accentuated by early treatment.We examined the effect of ART initiated at the time of the primary HIV infection (early ART), lasting 2 and 6 years in 11 and 10 patients, respectively, on the HIV reservoir in peripheral resting CD4+ T cells, sorted into naive (TN), central memory (TCM), transitional memory (TTM) and effector memory (TEM) cells, by comparison with 11 post-treatment controllers (PTCs).Between baseline and 2 years, CD4+ T cell subset numbers increased markedly (P<0.004) and HIV DNA levels decreased in all subsets (P<0.009). TTM cells represented the majority of reservoir cells at both timepoints, T cell activation status normalized and viral diversity remained stable over time. The HIV reservoir was smaller after 6 years of early ART than after 2 years (P<0.019), and did not differ between PTCs and patients treated for 6 years. One patient, who had low reservoir levels in all T cell subsets after 2 years of treatment similar to the levels in PTCs, spontaneously controlled viral replication during 18 months off treatment.Early prolonged ART thus limits the size of the HIV reservoir, protects long-lived cells from persistent infection and may enhance post-treatment control.
PubMed | Pitie Salpetriere Hospital, Bichat Hospital, Nancy Hospital, University of Paris Pantheon Sorbonne and 13 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of the rheumatic diseases | Year: 2015
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients are at an increased risk of developing comorbid conditions. A close monitoring of the disease targeting a status of low disease activity is associated with a better outcome. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the impact of a nurse-led programme on comorbidities and the impact of patient self-assessment of disease activity on the management of RA.We enrolled 970 patients (mean age 58years, 79% women) in a prospective, randomised, controlled, open-label, 6-month trial. In the comorbidity group (n=482), the nurse checked comorbidities and sent the programme results to the attending physicians. In the self-assessment group (n=488), the nurse taught the patient how to calculate his/her Disease Activity Score which had to be reported on a booklet to be shared with the treating rheumatologist. The number of measures taken for comorbidities and the percentage of patients recording a change (initiation, switch or increased dose) in disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in the 6months follow-up period of the study defined the outcomes of the trial.The number of measures taken per patient was statistically higher in the comorbidity group: 4.542.08 versus 2.651.57 (p<0.001); incidence rate ratio: 1.78 (1.61-1.96) and DMARD therapy was changed more frequently in the self-assessment group: 17.2% versus 10.9% (OR=1.70 (1.17; 2.49), p=0.006).This study demonstrates the short-term benefit of a nurse-led programme on RA comorbidity management and the impact of patient self-assessment of disease activity on RA treatment intensification.NCT #01315652.
Brouard B.,Louis Pasteur Hospital |
Bardo P.,Henri Mondor Hospital Assistance Publique Hopitaux Of Paris |
Bonnet C.,Cochin Hospital Assistance Publique Hopitaux Of Paris |
Mounier N.,LArchet Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Annals of Medicine | Year: 2016
Aim: Mobile applications represent promising tools in management of chronic diseases, both for patients and healthcare professionals, and especially in oncology. Among the large number of mobile health (mhealth) applications available in mobile stores, it could be difficult for users to identify the most relevant ones. This study evaluated the business model and the scientific validation for mobile applications related to oncology. Methods: A systematic review was performed over the two major marketplaces. Purpose, scientific validation, and source of funding were evaluated according to the description of applications in stores. Results were stratified according to targeted audience (general population/patients/healthcare professionals). Results: Five hundred and thirty-nine applications related to oncology were identified: 46.8% dedicated to healthcare professionals, 31.5% to general population, and 21.7% to patients. A lack of information about healthcare professionals’ involvement in the development process was noted since only 36.5% of applications mentioned an obvious scientific validation. Most apps were free (72.2%) and without explicit support by industry (94.2%). Conclusions: There is a need to enforce independent review of mhealth applications in oncology. The economic model could be questioned and the source of funding should be clarified. Meanwhile, patients and healthcare professionals should remain cautious about applications’ contents.Key messagesA systematic review was performed to describe the mobile applications related to oncology and it revealed a lack of information on scientific validation and funding.Independent scientific review and the reporting of conflicts of interest should be encouraged.Users, and all health professionals, should be aware that health applications, whatever the quality of their content, do not actually embrace such an approach. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Martis N.,LArchet Hospital |
Mounier N.,LArchet Hospital
Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports | Year: 2012
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is one of the most common types of non-AIDS-defining tumors in the HIVinfected. Its incidence however seems to have increased under highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART). HIVHL is a different entity from HL in HIV-negative subjects with a poorer prognosis that is associated with tumorsubtype, EBV-infection, and "B" symptoms. Despite the aggressive nature of the disease, clinical outcome has improved with combination therapies including appropriately timed antiretroviral strategies and the quality of supportive care-notably the use of hematopoietic growth factors. More intensive chemotherapy regimens with or without autologous stem cell transplantation appear to improve survival. Functional imaging such as positron emission tomography and computed tomography (FDG-PET) may help guide treatment strategy and minimize long-term toxicity. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.
Roux A.,Saint Roch Hospital |
Decroocq L.,Saint Roch Hospital |
El Batti S.,Saint Roch Hospital |
Bonnevialle N.,Purpan Hospital |
And 4 more authors.
Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research | Year: 2012
Proximal humerus fractures (PHF) are osteoporotic fractures that affect women over 70 years of age. Like fractures of the femoral neck they have become a public health concern. As the population ages there is an increase in the number of people in poor general condition with an increased risk of falls on fragile bones. The incidence of these fractures has increased by 15% per year. All patients managed for PHF in our center in the past year were included in this prospective study (prospective cohort study; level 2). Three hundred and twenty-five patients were included with 329 fractures. There was a ratio of two women to one man. At the final follow-up 50 patients had died (15%) and 25 patients were lost to follow-up. The mean age was 70 years old. There were two types of risk factors. The first was fragile bones, and the second was patient specific risk of falls. The severity of the fracture increased with the age of the population. In the study by Charles S. Neer in 1970, 85% of PHF were not or were only slightly displaced, while this category percentage was only 42% in our study. Hospitalization was necessary in 43% of the cases in our study. Surgical management was necessary in 21%. This lack of relationship between the percentage of displaced fractures (58%) and the percentage of surgically treated fractures is a sign of the difficulties of managing this population, which is usually in poor general condition. © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS.
Ghosn J.,Bicetre University Hospital |
Ghosn J.,University of Paris Descartes |
Flandre P.,University Pierre and Marie Curie |
Cohen-Codar I.,Abbott Laboratories |
And 7 more authors.
HIV Medicine | Year: 2010
Background: The toxicities, cost and complexity of triple combinations warrant the search for other treatment options, such as boosted protease inhibitor (PI) monotherapy. MONotherapy AntiRetroviral Kaletra (MONARK) is the first randomized trial comparing lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy to triple combination therapy with zidovudine/lamivudine and lopinavir/ritonavir in antiretroviral-naïve patients. Methods: A total of 136 antiretroviral-naïve patients, with a CD4 cell count above 100 cells/μL and a plasma HIV RNA below 100 000 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL, were randomized and dosed with either lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy (n=83) or lopinavir/ritonavir+zidovudine/lamivudine (n=53). We focus here on patients in the lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy arm followed to week 96. The intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis initially involved all patients randomized to lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy (n=83), and then focused on patients who had an HIV RNA <50 copies/mL at week 48 (n=56). Results: At week 96, 39 of 83 patients (47%) had HIV RNA <50 copies/mL, five of 83 had HIV RNA between 50 and 400 copies/mL, and three of 83 had HIV RNA >400 copies/mL. Focusing on the 56 patients with an HIV RNA <50 copies/mL at week 48, 38 of 56 patients (68%) had a sustained HIV RNA <50 copies/mL to week 96. To week 96, a total of 28 patients (34%) had discontinued the study treatment. In addition, the allocated treatment was changed for seven patients. PI-associated resistance mutations were evident in five of 83 patients in the monotherapy arm from baseline to week 96. Conclusion: By ITT analysis, 39 of the 83 patients initially randomized to lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy had HIV RNA <50 copies/mL at week 96. The occurrence in some patients of low-level viraemia (50-500 copies/mL) may increase the risk of drug resistance. First-line lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy cannot be systematically recommended. © 2009 British HIV Association.
Boukaidi S.A.,LArchet Hospital |
Cooley A.,Northwestern University |
Hardy A.,Northwestern University |
Matthews L.,Northwestern University |
And 3 more authors.
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2012
Objective: To examine the impact of hormones used for controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) on normal and malignant breast cell growth and proliferation. Design: In vitro study of cultured normal and malignant breast cell lines. Setting: Academic medical center. Patient(s): None. Intervention(s): Normal and malignant breast cell lines cultured in two- and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) systems and treated with follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), or FSH with LH or human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). Main Outcome Measure(s): Effects of treatment on cell proliferation in 2D culture using the MTS assay and on colony growth in 3D culture. Result(s): Compared with untreated cells, normal MCF-10A cells showed a decrease in proliferation and colony size when exposed to a combination of FSH and hCG. The HCC 1937 cells treated with FSH and LH also showed a decrease in colony growth but no change in proliferation. None of the treatments had an effect on the proliferation or colony size of the MCF-7 cells. Conclusion(s): Follicle-stimulating hormone, LH, and hCG do not appear to cause an increase in cell proliferation or colony growth in either normal or malignant mammary epithelial cell lines. The potential risk for mammary cell transformation associated with these agents may be related to indirect endocrine effects on breast cell physiology. © 2012 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc.