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Choueiri E.M.,La Sagesse University | Choueiri G.M.,LAPS | Choueiri G.M.,Lebanese University | Choueiri B.M.,LAPS
Advances in Transportation Studies | Year: 2013

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) capture the world's headlines when there is a war, a terror attack or a bloody government crackdown. But the deaths caused by soldiers and gunmen are tiny compared to the carnage that the region's residents create behind the wheel of a car. Prior to the so-called ARAB SPRING, the MENA region was experiencing a transportation boom, with the construction of high-speed rapid-transit systems, the expansion of highways, the introduction of toll roads, and the reduction of automobile tariffs in several markets. As incomes rose and more people took to the road, the automotive industry continued to grow. This development has created problems that are now on national agendas. Pollution, gridlock and traffic safety, which is the main subject of this article, have become burning issues in many MENA countries.

Choueiri E.M.,La Sagesse University | Choueiri G.M.,LAPS | Choueiri G.M.,Lebanese University | Choueiri B.M.,LAPS
Advances in Transportation Studies | Year: 2012

Currently, there is no comprehensive national land transport strategy (NLTS) in Lebanon. The car ownership rate in the country is one of the highest in the world, estimated at a ratio of around one car for every 2.5 persons. The transportation sector is serviced by a fleet of mainly old and poorly maintained vehicles. Passenger trips occur on a relatively inferior road network, with a weak public transportation system, and without regulation enforcement. In summary, the main problems facing land transport in Lebanon are the overdependence on the private car, lack of organization and regulatory enforcement, and the deterioration of the levels of service provided. The main barriers facing a comprehensive national land transport strategy in Lebanon are: Changing the attitude of the public toward car use. Lack of enforcement. Perceived accident risk of non-motorized modes of transport. Cultural and institutional bias against green modes of transport. Generated road space that can be an incentive for increased car use. This paper provides an overview of the land transport sector in Lebanon, with special emphasis on traffic safety. Its aim is not to analyze statistical data relevant to land transport and traffic safety, which have been the subject of numerous articles by the authors, but to pinpoint, as best as possible, the problems facing the land transport sector in general and traffic safety in particular, and to provide recommendations to alleviate these problems.

Choueiri E.M.,LAPS | Choueiri G.M.,Lebanese University | Choueiri B.M.,Ministry of Justice
Advances in Transportation Studies | Year: 2015

Road traffic injuries are a growing public health and development problem. According to the World Health Organization, 1.2 million people are killed and between 20 and 50 million people are injured or disabled in road traffic crashes around the world each year [10]. Most of those killed are in the prime of their lives. In the MENA (Middle East and North Africa) region, the figures are particularly alarming; traffic accidents kill more than 75,000 people respectively, or between 12 and 45 people per 100,000 inhabitants each year, compared with an EU average of about 6 per 100,000 inhabitants. In Lebanon, a Middle Eastern country of about 4 million inhabitants, over 1000 people are killed every year, with nearly one-third involving vulnerable road users like pedestrians and motorcyclists. More than twice as many are permanently disabled by their injuries. These statistics need to be multiplied and seen in the context of deep family tragedy, of unimaginable grief and anguish, and of tremendous health and economic and disability costs. This study investigates the magnitude of road traffic accidents in Lebanon in order to provide a better understanding of the road safety trauma and assist strategic planning and optional allocation of resources.

PubMed | Laps and Laboratorio Of Estudos E Pesquisas Em Saude Mental E Atencao Psicossocial
Type: | Journal: Historia, ciencias, saude--Manguinhos | Year: 2016

The article analyzes two posters that with the same slogan - Asylums nevermore - promote National Anti-Asylum Day. The analysis was based on principles of the symptomatology of social discourse, articulating analytical concepts and practices arising from the French School and the pragmatic dimension of discourse analysis. The results revealed affirmation strategies of the movement for the qualification and exacerbation of the issues of the enunciation and other enunciators, namely political actors of the anti-asylum movement and their allies. It also reveals the attempt to disqualify competitive discourse, especially that which discloses the serious problems of its institutional models, but also by juxtaposing the positive presence of the issuers and enunciators of the posters.

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