Lantmannen SW Seed Hadmersleben GmbH

Hadmersleben, Germany

Lantmannen SW Seed Hadmersleben GmbH

Hadmersleben, Germany

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Matros A.,Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research | Liu G.,Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research | Hartmann A.,Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research | Jiang Y.,Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Experimental Botany | Year: 2016

We investigated associations between the metabolic phenotype, consisting of quantitative data of 76 metabolites from 135 contrasting winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) lines, and 17 372 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers. Metabolite profiles were generated from flag leaves of plants from three different environments, with average repeatabilities of 0.5-0.6. The average heritability of 0.25 was unaffected by the heading date. Correlations among metabolites reflected their functional grouping, highlighting the strict coordination of various routes of the citric acid cycle. Genome-wide association studies identified significant associations for six metabolic traits, namely oxalic acid, ornithine, L-arginine, pentose alcohol III, L-tyrosine, and a sugar oligomer (oligo II), with between one and 17 associated SNPs. Notable associations with genes regulating transcription or translation explained between 2.8% and 32.5% of the genotypic variance (pG). Further candidate genes comprised metabolite carriers (pG 32.5-38.1%), regulatory proteins (pG 0.3-11.1%), and metabolic enzymes (pG 2.5-32.5%). The combinatorial use of genomic and metabolic data to construct partially directed networks revealed causal inferences in the correlated metabolite traits and associated SNPs. The evaluated causal relationships will provide a basis for predicting the effects of genetic interferences on groups of correlated metabolic traits, and thus on specific metabolic phenotypes. © The Author 2017.


Albrecht T.,Institute for Crop Science and Plant Breeding | Oberforster M.,Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety AGES | Kempf H.,Secobra Saatzucht GmbH | Ramgraber L.,Saatzucht Josef Breun GmbH & Co. KG | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Applied Genetics | Year: 2015

Global wheat production will benefit from cultivars showing genetic resistance to preharvest sprouting (PHS). Working on PHS resistance is still challenging due to the lack of simple protocols for the provocation of symptoms for appropriate trait differentiation under highly variable environmental conditions. Therefore, the availability of molecular markers for enhancing PHS resistance in breeding lines is of utmost importance. Genome-wide association mapping was performed to unravel the genetics of PHS resistance in a diversity panel of 124 winter wheat genotypes using both random and targeted marker locus approaches. Data for grain germination tests, spike wetting treatments, and field sprouting damage measurements of grains were collected in 11, 12, and four environments, respectively. Twenty-two quantitative trait loci (QTL) linked with 40 markers were detected for the three traits commonly used for assessing the PHS resistance of cultivars. All but five QTL on chromosomes 1B, 1D (two QTL), 3D, and 5D showed locations similar to previous studies, including prominent QTL on chromosomes 2BS, 3AS, and 4AL. The highest retrieval rate across environments was found for QTL on chromosomes 1D, 2BS, 3D, 4AL, and 7B. The study identified genomic signatures useful for marker-assisted improvement of PHS resistance not only in European breeding programs, but of global significance. © 2015, Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan.


Longin C.F.H.,University of Hohenheim | Gowda M.,University of Hohenheim | Muhleisen J.,University of Hohenheim | Ebmeyer E.,KWS LOCHOW GmbH | And 6 more authors.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics | Year: 2013

Key message: Commercial heterosis for grain yield is present in hybrid wheat but long-term competiveness of hybrid versus line breeding depends on the development of heterotic groups to improve hybrid prediction. Detailed knowledge of the amount of heterosis and quantitative genetic parameters are of paramount importance to assess the potential of hybrid breeding. Our objectives were to (1) examine the extent of midparent, better-parent and commercial heterosis in a vast population of 1,604 wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) hybrids and their parental elite inbred lines and (2) discuss the consequences of relevant quantitative parameters for the design of hybrid wheat breeding programs. Fifteen male lines were crossed in a factorial mating design with 120 female lines, resulting in 1,604 of the 1,800 potential single-cross hybrid combinations. The hybrids, their parents, and ten commercial wheat varieties were evaluated in multi-location field experiments for grain yield, plant height, heading time and susceptibility to frost, lodging, septoria tritici blotch, yellow rust, leaf rust, and powdery mildew at up to five locations. We observed that hybrids were superior to the mean of their parents for grain yield (10.7 %) and susceptibility to frost (-7.2 %), leaf rust (-8.4 %) and septoria tritici blotch (-9.3 %). Moreover, 69 hybrids significantly (P < 0.05) outyielded the best commercial inbred line variety underlining the potential of hybrid wheat breeding. The estimated quantitative genetic parameters suggest that the establishment of reciprocal recurrent selection programs is pivotal for a successful long-term hybrid wheat breeding. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Gowda M.,University of Hohenheim | Zhao Y.,Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research | Wurschum T.,University of Hohenheim | Longin C.F.,University of Hohenheim | And 8 more authors.
Heredity | Year: 2014

The accuracy of genomic selection depends on the relatedness between the members of the set in which marker effects are estimated based on evaluation data and the types for which performance is predicted. Here, we investigate the impact of relatedness on the performance of marker-assisted selection for fungal disease resistance in hybrid wheat. A large and diverse mapping population of 1739 elite European winter wheat inbred lines and hybrids was evaluated for powdery mildew, leaf rust and stripe rust resistance in multi-location field trials and fingerprinted with 9 k and 90 k SNP arrays. Comparison of the accuracies of prediction achieved with data sets from the two marker arrays revealed a crucial role for a sufficiently high marker density in genome-wide association mapping. Cross-validation studies using test sets with varying degrees of relationship to the corresponding estimation sets revealed that close relatedness leads to a substantial increase in the proportion of total genotypic variance explained by the identified QTL and consequently to an overoptimistic judgment of the precision of marker-assisted selection.


Miedaner T.,University of Hohenheim | Zhao Y.,Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research | Gowda M.,University of Hohenheim | Longin C.F.H.,University of Hohenheim | And 4 more authors.
BMC Genomics | Year: 2013

Background: Septoria tritici blotch is an important leaf disease of European winter wheat. In our survey, we analyzed Septoria tritici blotch resistance in field trials with a large population of 1,055 elite hybrids and their 87 parental lines. Entries were fingerprinted with the 9 k SNP array. The accuracy of prediction of Septoria tritici blotch resistance achieved with different genome-wide mapping approaches was evaluated based on robust cross validation scenarios. Results: Septoria tritici blotch disease severities were normally distributed, with genotypic variation being significantly (P < 0.01) larger than zero. The cross validation study revealed an absence of large effect QTL for additive and dominance effects. Application of genomic selection approaches particularly designed to tackle complex agronomic traits allowed to double the accuracy of prediction of Septoria tritici blotch resistance compared to calculation methods suited to detect QTL with large effects.Conclusions: Our study revealed that Septoria tritici blotch resistance in European winter wheat is controlled by multiple loci with small effect size. This suggests that the currently achieved level of resistance in this collection is likely to be durable, as involvement of a high number of genes in a resistance trait reduces the risk of the resistance to be overcome by specific pathogen isolates or races. © 2013 Miedaner et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Wurschum T.,University of Hohenheim | Langer S.M.,University of Hohenheim | Longin C.F.H.,University of Hohenheim | Korzun V.,KWS LOCHOW GMBH | And 7 more authors.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics | Year: 2013

Modern genomics approaches rely on the availability of high-throughput and high-density genotyping platforms. A major breakthrough in wheat genotyping was the development of an SNP array. In this study, we used a diverse panel of 172 elite European winter wheat lines to evaluate the utility of the SNP array for genomic analyses in wheat germplasm derived from breeding programs. We investigated population structure and genetic relatedness and found that the results obtained with SNP and SSR markers differ. This suggests that additional research is required to determine the optimum approach for the investigation of population structure and kinship. Our analysis of linkage disequilibrium (LD) showed that LD decays within approximately 5-10 cM. Moreover, we found that LD is variable along chromosomes. Our results suggest that the number of SNPs needs to be increased further to obtain a higher coverage of the chromosomes. Taken together, SNPs can be a valuable tool for genomics approaches and for a knowledge-based improvement of wheat. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


PubMed | University of Hohenheim, Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Nordsaat Saatzuchtgesellschaft mbH, Lantmannen SW Seed Hadmersleben GmbH and 3 more.
Type: | Journal: Journal of experimental botany | Year: 2016

We investigated associations between the metabolic phenotype, consisting of quantitative data of 76 metabolites from 135 contrasting winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) lines, and 17 372 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers. Metabolite profiles were generated from flag leaves of plants from three different environments, with average repeatabilities of 0.5-0.6. The average heritability of 0.25 was unaffected by the heading date. Correlations among metabolites reflected their functional grouping, highlighting the strict coordination of various routes of the citric acid cycle. Genome-wide association studies identified significant associations for six metabolic traits, namely oxalic acid, ornithine, L-arginine, pentose alcohol III, L-tyrosine, and a sugar oligomer (oligo II), with between one and 17 associated SNPs. Notable associations with genes regulating transcription or translation explained between 2.8% and 32.5% of the genotypic variance (p


PubMed | University of Hohenheim, Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Nordsaat Saatzuchtgesellschaft mbH, Lantmannen SW Seed Hadmersleben GmbH and 2 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Heredity | Year: 2014

The accuracy of genomic selection depends on the relatedness between the members of the set in which marker effects are estimated based on evaluation data and the types for which performance is predicted. Here, we investigate the impact of relatedness on the performance of marker-assisted selection for fungal disease resistance in hybrid wheat. A large and diverse mapping population of 1739 elite European winter wheat inbred lines and hybrids was evaluated for powdery mildew, leaf rust and stripe rust resistance in multi-location field trials and fingerprinted with 9 k and 90 k SNP arrays. Comparison of the accuracies of prediction achieved with data sets from the two marker arrays revealed a crucial role for a sufficiently high marker density in genome-wide association mapping. Cross-validation studies using test sets with varying degrees of relationship to the corresponding estimation sets revealed that close relatedness leads to a substantial increase in the proportion of total genotypic variance explained by the identified QTL and consequently to an overoptimistic judgment of the precision of marker-assisted selection.


Jesske T.,University of Gottingen | Jesske T.,Lantmannen SW Seed Hadmersleben GmbH | Olberg B.,University of Gottingen | Schierholt A.,University of Gottingen | Becker H.C.,University of Gottingen
Theoretical and Applied Genetics | Year: 2013

Resynthesized (Resyn) Brassica napus L. can be used to broaden the genetic diversity and to develop a heterotic genepool for rapeseed hybrid breeding. Domesticated vegetable types are usually employed as B. oleracea parents. We sought to evaluate the potential of wild species as parents for Resyn lines. Fifteen Resyn lines were derived by crossing wild B. oleracea ssp. oleracea and oilseed B. rapa, and 29 Resyn lines were generated from 10 wild Brassica species (B. bourgaei, B. cretica, B. incana, B. insularis, B. hilarionis, B. macrocarpa, B. montana, B. rupestris, B. taurica, B. villosa). Genetic distances were analyzed with AFLP markers for 71 Resyn lines from wild and domesticated B. oleracea, and compared with 55 winter, spring, vegetable, and Asian B. napus genotypes. The genetic distances clearly showed that Resyn lines with wild species provide a genetic diversity absent from the breeding material or Resyn lines from domesticated species. Forty-two Resyn lines were crossed with one or two winter oilseed rape testers, resulting in 64 hybrids that were grown in one year and four locations in Germany and France. The correlation between hybrid yield and genetic distance was slightly negative (r = -0. 29). Most of the hybrids with Resyn lines from wild B. oleracea were lower in yield than hybrids with Resyn lines from domesticated B. oleracea. It is promising that Resyn lines descending from unselected wild B. oleracea accessions produced high-yielding hybrids when crossed with adapted genotypes: these Resyn lines would be suited to develop heterotic pools in hybrid breeding. © 2013 The Author(s).


Jesske T.,University of Gottingen | Jesske T.,Lantmannen SW Seed Hadmersleben GmbH | Schierholt A.,University of Gottingen | Becker H.C.,University of Gottingen
Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution | Year: 2013

Resynthesized Brassica napus L. genotypes can be used to increase the variation in the rapeseed genepool. We evaluated seed quality parameters of resynthesized lines that originated from crosses of oilseed B. rapa L. with domesticated (vegetable) B. oleracea L., and resynthesized lines that were obtained from crosses of B. rapa oilseed cultivars with wild B. oleracea ssp. oleracea and with seven Brassica species from the B. oleracea group (B. bourgeaui Kuntze, B. cretica Lam., B. incana Ten., B. hilarionis Post, B. montana Pourret, B. rupestris Raf., B. villosa Bivona-Bernardi). Twenty-three resynthesized lines and ten cultivars were grown in 1 year and six locations in Germany and the United Kingdom. The mean seed oil, phytosterole, and sinapine contents of the resynthesized lines were lower than in the cultivars, while protein, glucosinolate, and erucic acid contents were higher, respectively. Nearly all resynthesized lines derived from wild Brassica taxa showed a glucosinolate pattern very different from all cultivars and from nearly all resynthesized lines obtained from crosses with domesticated B. oleracea. The newly developed wild Brassica based resynthesized lines represent an immense source of genetic variation that has not been used to full capacity up to now. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

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