Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2010.1.1-04 | Award Amount: 2.53M | Year: 2010
NATURA 2000, an endeavour in the spirit of the Convention of Biological Diversity (Rio, 1992), is one of the success stories among pan-European initiatives and one of the worlds most effective legal instruments concerning biodiversity and nature conservation. The EU Habitats Directive (council directive 92/43/ECC) requires a standardised monitoring of the habitat types and a reporting every six years. For this reason, an operational, objective, economically priced and as far as possible automated application is required. The rapidly developing remote sensing sensor technique and also new image processing methods offer new possibilities to apply remote sensing data for NATURA 2000 monitoring. Today, with (i) GMES as an umbrella for utilizing latest EO-based achievements form both space- and in-situ sensors to provide European solutions for global problems of the environment-security-nexus, (ii) INSPIRE as a pan-European endeavor of obeying standards and other prerequisites of interoperable use, and (iii) the vision of a unified and integrated (i.e. single) European Information Space (SEIS), set the stage for a technologically mature, integrated, and user-centric system, more effectively to be used than ever. Users are in need, as imposed by the legally binding character of the directives, and this is what this project will service, from European to local scale. MS.MONINA follows a pan-European, multi-scale approach that on the one hand reflects the specifics and the variety of habitats in the different biogeographical regions, and on the other hand guides the specifications of the service chains and their implementations as service cases and pilots. The multi-scale (MS) concept reflects the fact that on different (administrative) levels there are specific requirements for sensitive sites-related reporting, monitoring, management etc.
Brunke M.,Landesamt fur Landwirtschaft
International Review of Hydrobiology | Year: 2013
In the year 2000, the benthic and hyporheic ostracod species were investigated in the groynes and the groyne fields of the river Elbe. In total only 12 species were found. The low number of species is owing to the few mesohabitats that occurred in the channel that was altered for navigation purposes, and that the river was severely polluted in the past, which led to an extinction of most species. Since about 1992 the Elbe is in a continuing phase of recolonization. Remarkably, the juveniles of the two species Pseudocandona albicans and Limnocythere inopinata occurred predominantly in the hyporheal within gravel of subaqueous dunes. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Bretschneider A.,Landesamt fur Landwirtschaft
Telma | Year: 2012
Within the framework of projects of renaturation in many raised bogs in Schleswig-Holstein birches have been cut and pulled out, but with varying success. Several studies and observations of many years result in a different management of birches in bogs due to the requirements.
Bretschneider A.,Landesamt fur Landwirtschaft
Telma | Year: 2012
The program for protection of peatland in Schleswig-Holstein with an area of 192.000 ha includes all peatsoils of raised bogs and fens and all biotopes and grassland on peat. Aiming to develop biodiversity as well as to contribute to climate protection many projects are financed with funds of the state but above all with subsidies of EU. The selection criteria for development area and the practical experience with performance of restoration projects are described.
Thiele-Bruhn S.,University of Trier |
Leinweber P.,University of Rostock |
Eckhardt K.-U.,University of Rostock |
Siem H.K.,Landesamt fur Landwirtschaft |
Blume H.-P.,University of Kiel
Geoderma | Year: 2014
Black Soils with dark-coloured, mollic horizons occur in the Baltic region of Germany and their classification as Chernozems was previously discussed. Mollic topsoil horizons are diagnostic for steppe soils. We therefore hypothesized that the molecular characterization of soil organic matter (SOM) by pyrolysis-field ionization-mass spectrometry (Py-FIMS) is suitable to identify similarities between the Black Soils and Chernozems as well as soils from other major soil groups with mollic horizons or otherwise high SOM content. Data were collected from a set of 341 topsoil samples and analysed based on 139 Py-FI mass spectra and thermograms. The OC content in Black Soils reached high values matching those of Haplic Chernozems from Germany and typical steppe climate ecosystems. Arable soil use converted Ah horizons to lighter-coloured Ap horizons that nonetheless had a similar or higher OC content than underlying Ah horizons. Arable soil use led to less stable SOM as indicated by a higher percentage of volatilized organic matter (VM) upon pyrolysis. Furthermore, VM was especially high (21-52%) for redoximorphic soils, whereas it ranged between 5.1 and 15% in the Black Soils, Chernozems and other steppe soils such as Phaeozems or Kastanozems. Assignment of marker signals from Py-FI mass spectra to the compound classes revealed that Black Soils, all Chernozems and other steppe soils had more phenols and N-containing compounds but less sterols and suberin than most of the other soil groups investigated. The percentage of volatilized organic matter (VM) - with low values hinting at SOM stabilization in soil - ranged from 5 to 52%. It was especially high for redoximorphic (21%) and organic soils (52%), whereas it ranged between 5.1 and 15% in the Black Soils, Chernozems and other steppe soils. Principal component analysis unravelled the SOM composition patterns of different soils and showed that the Black Soils clustered together with typical Chernozems, while soils of other units differed. This indicates that sources and especially humification pathways of SOM were different in these soils compared to Black Soils and Chernozems. Notably, this was the case for Colluvic soils (= Colluvic Regosols), redoximorphic soils (e.g. Gleysols, Stagnosols), Luvisols and Phaeozems, although colluviation, influence of ground- or stagnant water, and clay migration were found in several Black Soils as well. Our findings do not support a strong, direct influence of colluviation and perched water on the SOM composition in the mollic horizons of Black Soils. The data also show that the Chernozem-specific SOM formation and clay migration, as in Luvisols and Phaeozems, are temporally discrete processes. The results underline that Chernozem formation in Central Europe is a relic process and is not only due to steppe ecosystem conditions. Rather, it depends on parent substrate properties, especially clay and carbonate content, secondary carbonate input and anthropogenic soil use. These factors preserved or even regraded the relic Chernozems since the Atlantic stage. © 2013.