Time filter

Source Type

Greenwood, SC, United States

Lander University is a public university located in Greenwood, South Carolina. It is the state's second-smallest publicly funded baccalaureate institution. Wikipedia.

Balk S.A.,Clemson University | Brooks J.O.,Clemson University | Klein N.,Lander University | Grygier J.,Clemson University
Journal of Safety Research | Year: 2012

Introduction: Research has shown that both pedestrians and drivers drastically overestimate pedestrians' nighttime visibility (NHSTSA, 2008a, 2008b; Owens & Sivak, 1996) and fail to appreciate the safety benefits of proven conspicuity aids. One solution is educational intervention (Tyrrell, Patton, & Brooks, 2004); however, the on-road assessment of its effectiveness is expensive and time consuming. Method: Experiment One introduces a computer-based alternative to the field-based approach, successfully replicating the previous study's trends among 94 students who either receive or do not receive an educational lecture. Experiment Two utilizes the simulation's portability to determine if professional roadway workers have a more accurate understanding of pedestrian conspicuity than students. Results: Results among 88 workers show they do not significantly appreciate the advantages of effective retroflective material configurations or vehicle headlamp settings, for example, any better than non-lectured students in Experiment One. Impact: The study's results demonstrate the need for education among all pedestrians and the benefits of efficient testing methods. © 2012 National Safety Council and Elsevier Ltd. Source

Ali F.,Lander University
International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society | Year: 2014

A wireless sensor network (WSN) is composed of spatially distributed nodes equipped with sensing devices to monitor environmental conditions like air temperature, wind speed etc, at different locations. WSNs are designed and deployed for different purposes by various organizations. The observations obtained from sensor networks may be helpful in many software applications like environmental, industrial, and meteorological monitoring. In this paper we explore the problem of making these observations accessible to software applications (These applications may or may not be running on the platform which has deployed the sensor network) We discuss the requirements for a middleware which will seamlessly allow any application to fuse/consume observations from different sensors belonging to same or multiple networks. Our work is based on standards developed by Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). We will explore roles of sensorML, Observations and Measurements (O&M), Sensor Observation Service (SOS), Sensor Alert Service (SAS), Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP) for Multiuser Chat Systems (MUC) and Event Stream processing (ESP) in developing a middle ware that will virtually connect applications (observation consumers) with sensors (observation producers). © Common Ground, Farha Ali, All Rights Reserved. Source

Petranek L.J.,Boise State University | Barton G.V.,Lander University
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport | Year: 2011

A developmental description of overarm-throwing characteristics of U-14 female ASA softball players is presented here. Comparisons were made between these athletes and teens of similar age in the United States (Runion, Roberton, & Langendorfer, 2003) and in Germany (Ehl, Roberton, & Langendorfer, 2005). A majority of the softball players demonstrated the most advanced developmental levels for the backswing, foot, humerus, and forearm components. Seventy percent (n = 26) demonstrated a Level 2 trunk, while 30% (n = 11) demonstrated a differentiated trunk, Level 3. The average throwing velocity was 62.58 ft/s (19.07 m/s). Comparisons were made to girls with less throwing experience in the United States (Runion et al.) and Germany (Ehl et al.); the softball players threw with greater velocity (9.12 ft/s [2.77 m/s] and 15.89 ft/s [4.84 m/s], respectively) and demonstrated superior trunk, humerus, and forearm actions. The boys from both countries threw the ball faster than the softball players. Significant chi-square analyses found the softball players had superior humeral actions (Level 3) compared to the German boys and superior forearm actions (Level 3) compared to both groups of boys. Experience seems to have an impact when comparisons among girls are made; yet, explanations for differences seen between boys and girls still remain unclear and warrant further research. Source

Bassett J.F.,Lander University | Van Tongeren D.R.,Hope College | Green J.D.,Virginia Commonwealth University | Sonntag M.E.,University of Maine at Presque Isle | Kilpatrick H.,University of Maine at Presque Isle
British Journal of Social Psychology | Year: 2015

In two studies, the authors examined how threat induced by reminders of mortality would moderate the effect of political orientation on moral judgments. In Study 1, university students (n = 113) categorized their political orientation, were randomly assigned to complete a fear of death or public speaking scale, and then completed a moral foundations questionnaire. In Study 2, university students (n = 123) rated their political orientations, were randomly assigned to write about their own death or dental pain, and then completed a moral foundations questionnaire. In both studies, mortality salience intensified the moral differences between liberals and conservatives. These findings were primarily the result of the reactions of liberals, who responded to mortality salience with increased ratings of the fairness/cheating virtue in Study 1 and the care/harm virtue in Study 2. © 2014 The British Psychological Society. Source

Kinsella C.,Lander University | Raleigh K.N.,University of Cincinnati
Applied Geography | Year: 2015

"Geographic polarization", the spatial concentration of "like" voting behavior, is a phenomenon closely related to "partisan polarization", the intensification of diametrically ideological positions, is understudied, and is critical to the understanding of current American electoral behavior. To date, few studies have examined geographic polarization, and those that do have done so at the scales of regions, states, and counties. However, local influences operating within areas smaller than counties influence voting behavior and can produce geographic polarization. To address these scalar and methodological shortcomings, this research focuses on the smallest political units, precincts, using a case study of the Greater Cincinnati Metropolitan Area. Presidential election data from 1976 through 2008 were collected by precincts, analyzed using spatial statistics, and mapped to examine evolving geographic polarization over this 32-year period. The results measured at the precinct-scale, suggest an increased concentration of partisan behavior and emphasize a local residential spatial pattern of geographic polarization. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Discover hidden collaborations