Land Registry and Mapping Agency

Apeldoorn, Netherlands

Land Registry and Mapping Agency

Apeldoorn, Netherlands
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Paasch J.M.,Lantmateriet | van Oosterom P.,Technical University of Delft | Lemmen C.,Land Registry and Mapping Agency | Lemmen C.,University of Twente | Paulsson J.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Land Use Policy | Year: 2015

This paper proposes a more detailed classification of the legal part of the Land Administration Domain Model (LADM), ISO 19152 (i.e. interests in land), than described in the current standard by further developing the LADM's 'right', 'restriction' and 'responsibility' (RRR) class and associated code lists. Besides the more obvious formal right descriptions, this paper also deals with informal rights' descriptions as introduced in the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) as a foundation for further LADM development. The authors base their research on the Legal Cadastral Domain Model, as developed by and described in the Ph.D. thesis of Paasch, which is used as a conceptual basis for adding an additional level to the LADM. Interests in land can be classified in this model as limiting or beneficial to real property ownership. The extended classification is further based on the paradigm that there are two major types of interest in land, privately agreed interests and regulations imposed by a public agency. The incorporation of a specialized classification of RRRs in the LADM is of value for more inclusion of social tenure in (inter-)national land administration registers. The LADM allows national profiles to be added to the standard, however, such profiles are relevant within a country. These profiles are needed in cases where detailed data of interests in land have to be exchanged internationally. International data exchange requires maintenance of code tables representing the different RRRs in use within countries. OICRF has announced an initiative in support to this. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

de Vries W.T.,TU Munich | Laarakker P.M.,Land Registry and Mapping Agency | Wouters H.J.,EULIS
Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy | Year: 2015

Purpose – Against the backdrop of European eGovernment (eGov) and new public management strategies, public sector mergers are the ultimate transformation after collaboration and integration. The land administration domain is useful to evaluate how and why mergers occur or not. The domain usually comprises two types of organizations, cadastres and land registries. There are both national and international calls to merge these two types, yet some countries have opted to merge these, while others persist in maintaining two separate ones. How and why this occurs is the key question. Design/methodology/approach – This study applies a mixed-methods approach of data collection and a co-evolutionary perspective on organizational changes. Agencies change alongside perceptions of staff members and external stimuli of policies. These are exposed through narrated personal vignettes and international benchmarking surveys of land agencies. Findings – Decisions on mergers are primarily embedded in local organizational cultures, and follow non-linear paths and are historically path-dependent. Internal staff members tend to disfavour mergers. Contrastingly, external stimuli such as the benchmark surveys act as national and international stimuli which favour mergers. The common narrative of both perspectives is an increased relevance of “simplicity”, which does not however have an effect on merger decisions. Research limitations/implications – The land administration domain is perhaps idiosyncratic. It has a long history with discussions on merging collaborating organizations. Still, other domains affected by eGov strategies have so far only focused on operational interoperability and database integration, and less on the potential for institutional or organizational mergers. Therefore, experiences from land administration will be useful in the future. Practical implications – During the formulation of new eGov projects which foster further collaboration and integration in the public sector, it is necessary to take the merger experiences of land agencies into account. It is especially necessary to be aware of implicit norms which are fostered by positive feedback loops of social networks during mergers, which may influence discretionary decisions. In addition, international benchmarks and ranking need to reconsider their benchmarking criteria which currently only focus on efficiency measures. Originality/value – Mergers may not be a next logical step when collaborating and integrating. Instead, mergers need to be rooted in personal long-standing collaboration practices. Furthermore, individual staff members may only be willing to engage in the operational aspects of mergers if it significantly makes their own tasks simpler and the quality of their work better appreciated by external customers. © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Levkovich O.,VU University Amsterdam | Rouwendal J.,VU University Amsterdam | Van Marwijk R.,Land Registry and Mapping Agency
Transportation | Year: 2015

The purpose of this research is to estimate the effects of highway development projects on the price of housing. Transportation development projects, highways in particular, improve a certain area’s accessibility but also increase its levels of exposure to traffic intensity and noise pollution. These externalities are evaluated by homeowners and residents and are reflected in the price of housing. In this paper, we use several repeat sales model specifications, including difference-in-differences estimators, and control for neighborhood effects to examine housing price trends in the municipalities around two newly developed highways in the Netherlands. The results of the research demonstrate that changes in accessibility result in a significant positive effect on the price of housing in nearby municipalities, but that increased noise pollution and traffic intensity levels result in a decrease in prices. The findings also confirm that combining the total effects of all externalities, the effect of highway development on the price of housing is generally positive, and this effect is salient even before the project is completed due to public anticipation effects. © 2015 The Author(s)

Dortland M.R.,Land Registry and Mapping Agency | Dewulf G.,University of Twente | Voordijk H.,University of Twente
Health Environments Research and Design Journal | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVE: Exploring the impact of the type of project coalition on types of flexibility by analyzing considered and exercised flexibilities in separated and integrated project coalitions in the design and construction phase and the operations and maintenance phase of a healthcare construction project. BACKGROUND: Flexibility in healthcare construction projects is increasingly needed in order to deal with growing uncertainties. Until now, little research has been carried out on how and to what extent flexibility is incorporated in different types of project coalitions chosen by healthcare organizations. METHODS: An exploratory survey was conducted among health organizations in both cure and care. Questions were asked on the position of the real estate department within the organization, the type of project coalitions chosen and the rationale behind this choice, and the extent to which flexibility in terms of a real option was considered and to what extent it had been exercised in a project coalition. RESULTS: Integrated project coalitions pay more attention to flexibility in advance in both the process and the product, but exercise them to a lesser extent than separated project coalitions. The economic feasibility of real options is higher in integrated project coalitions. CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that real options thinking is already incorporated in real estate management of healthcare organizations, although more flexibility is considered in advance of the project than is actually realized during and after construction. © 2014 Vendome Group, LLC.

Jansen L.J.M.,Wageningen University | Jansen L.J.M.,Land Registry and Mapping Agency | Veldkamp T.,University of Twente
International Journal of Geographical Information Science | Year: 2012

Understanding the scale of interaction and the scale of different environmental and social processes is of paramount importance to define and explain the interaction of human-environment systems. There are three dimensions of scale: space, time and the organisational hierarchy as constructed by the observer. The latter is synonymous with the variation in semantic contents of data expressed as differences in categorisation. This dimension of scale has received little attention. In this article the relationship between the semantic contents of data and modelling dynamics is explored using two land-cover data sets for Romania, one based on the Land-Cover Classification System and the other as used in the EURURALIS study. Three levels of semantic contents of the LCCS data and the single semantic level present in the EURURALIS data are used to establish empirical relations between the land-cover class and its explaining factors. The analysis results show that the variations in semantic contents of data within one data set and between two data sets lead to different sets of spatial determinants for land cover. We did not recognise patterns when establishing the organisational hierarchy. Future policy and decision-making depend to a great extent on which organisational hierarchy is present in the data set used to formulate a policy or to make an informed decision. This would mean that if the same results would be found in other data sets using different models not only multi-scale but also multi-semantic analysis are needed in order to make meaningful predictions of spatially explicit land change. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Zhuo Y.,Zhejiang University | Ma Z.,Chang'an University | Lemmen C.,Land Registry and Mapping Agency | Lemmen C.,University of Twente | Bennett R.M.,University of Twente
Land Use Policy | Year: 2015

The integration of land and housing registration is a key opportunity for China: improved land governance is the intended outcome. Prior to the design of any integrated information system, the legal requirements the system must satisfy need to be identified. This paper identifies and reviews the legal requirements for the integration of land and housing information in China. Specifically, the existing legislative framework relating to land, consisting of seven levels of legislation, is interrogated. A collection of legal requirements emerges: these are categorized into themes including registration, maintenance, mortgage, transfer of real estate rights, relevant materials and archives, and preliminary notice. In order to be more applicable for the next design of the Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) country profile for China, these legal requirement are further converted into packages, classes and attributes by referring to the ISO 19152 standard. The existing databases of the Chongqing Municipality are used to support the modelling process. The paper concludes that the legal requirements can be used as a foundation for an integrated system in China. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Holtslag-Broekhof S.M.,Wageningen University | Holtslag-Broekhof S.M.,Land Registry and Mapping Agency | van Marwijk R.,Land Registry and Mapping Agency | Beunen R.,Open University | Wiskerke J.S.C.,Wageningen University
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics | Year: 2015

Many studies have addressed the justice of public land acquisition, but few studies have addressed the question of what landowners perceive as just. Individual perceptions drive an important part of the social and scientific debates on legitimate and just land acquisition. This article addresses this gap by studying landowners’ and land purchasers’ perceptions of just land acquisition. We did this by uncovering the prevailing discourse on just land acquisition and studying the values that shaped people’s perceptions of just land acquisition. The results showed that perceptions of justice are based on the values of lawfulness, decentness and equality. These values were translated into different norms that resulted in expectations pertaining to just land acquisition. Insight into the different perceptions and the prevailing discourse of just land acquisition and their underlying values increases the understanding of land acquisition processes and land policy strategies. First, it becomes apparent that land acquisition has an essential element of injustice that cannot be avoided by a good process or a just compensation fee. Second, insight in different discourses provides valuable input for debates on just land acquisition. Third, such insight shows that money is not always a sufficient means of indemnification. The combination of sufficient financial compensation, the opportunity of a new location, attractive selling conditions and accurate and open process are all important requisites to ensure that public land acquisition is perceived by the majority of landowners as just. © 2015 The Author(s)

van Oosterom P.,Technical University of Delft | Lemmen C.,Land Registry and Mapping Agency | Lemmen C.,University of Twente
Land Use Policy | Year: 2015

This article is the introduction to a themed issue on the Land Administration Domain Model, the ISO 19152:2012 international standard. The Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) facilitates the efficient set-up of land administrations. It can function as the core of any land administration system. LADM is flexible, widely applicable and functions as a gathering point of a state-of-the-art international knowledge base on this theme, reflected in aspects such as full versioning/history, integration with legal and spatial source documents, a range of 2 Dimensional and 3 Dimensional (2D/3D) geometry and topology options, unique identifiers, and explicit quality indicators (metadata). It can be aligned to the global agenda where land administration is concerned. This paper describes the context and the actual standards development of the LADM. Further, some future trends in the domain and the maintenance of the standard is discussed. This completes the scene and provides the background for the papers in the themed issue. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Lemmen C.,Land Registry and Mapping Agency | Lemmen C.,University of Twente | van Oosterom P.,Technical University of Delft | Bennett R.,University of Twente
Land Use Policy | Year: 2015

Societal drivers including poverty eradication, gender equality, indigenous recognition, adequate housing, sustainable agriculture, food security, climate change response, and good governance, influence contemporary land administration design. Equally, the opportunities provided by technological development also influence design approaches. The Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) attempts to align both: the data model provides a standardised global vocabulary for land administration. As an international standard it can stimulate the development of software applications and may accelerate the implementation of land administration systems that support sustainability objectives. The LADM covers basic information-related components of land administration including those over land, in water, below the surface, and above the ground. The standard is an abstract, conceptual model with three packages related to: parties (people and organisations); basic administrative units, rights, responsibilities, and restrictions (ownership rights); spatial units (parcels, and the legal space of buildings and utility networks) with a sub package for surveying, and representation (geometry and topology). This paper examines the motivation, requirements and goals for developing LADM. Further, the standard itself is described and potential future maintenance. Despite being a very young standard, 'born' on 1st December 2012, it is already possible to observe some of the impact of LADM: examples are provided. © 2015 The Authors.

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