Xin D.,Northeast Agricultural University |
Sun J.,Northeast Agricultural University |
Wang J.,Northeast Agricultural University |
Wang J.,Land Reclamation Research |
And 6 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2012
Microsatellites, or simple sequence repeats (SSRs), are very useful molecular markers for a number of plant species. We used a new publicly available module (TROLL) to extract microsatellites from the public database of soybean expressed sequence tag (EST) sequences. A total of 12,833 sequences containing di- to penta-type SSRs were identified from 200,516 non-redundant soybean ESTs. On average, one SSR was found per 7.25 kb of EST sequences, with the tri-nucleotide motifs being the most abundant. Primer sequences flanking the SSR motifs were successfully designed for 9,638 soybean ESTs using the software primer3.0 and only 59 pairs of them were found in earlier studies. We synthesized 124 pairs of the primers to determine the polymorphism and heterozygosity among eight genotypes of soybean cultivars, which represented a wide range of the cultivated soybean cultivars. PCR amplification products with anticipated SSRs were obtained with 81 pairs of primers; 36 PCR products appeared to be homozygous and the remaining 45 PCR products appeared to be heterozygous and displayed polymorphism among the eight cultivars. We further analysed the EST sequences containing 45 polymorphic EST-SSR markers using the programs BLASTN and BLASTX. Sequence alignment showed that 29 ESTs have homologous sequences and 15 ESTs could be classified into a Uni-gene cluster with comparatively convincing protein products. Among these 15 ESTs belonging to a Uni-gene cluster, 9 SSRs were located in 3′-UTR, 4 SSRs were located in the intron region and 2 SSRs were located in the CDS region. None of these SSRs was located in the 5′-UTR. These novel SSRs identified in the ESTs of soybean provide useful information for gene mapping and cloning in future studies. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.