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Angers, France

Ramde S.,PCM Inc | Beauquin J.,Total S.A. | Bellett D.,LAMPA | Duret-Thual C.,French Corrosion Institute | And 2 more authors.
Society of Petroleum Engineers - 2014 SPE Artificial Lift Conference - North America | Year: 2014

The All Metal Progressing Cavity Pump (AMPCP) has been widely used in previous years, in particular in Thermal Enhanced Oil Recovery (TEOR) applications and also in cold aggressive conditions. These harsh environments require continuous improvement of the product Run Life. This is achievable if there is a strong link between Product Development Teams and Operations. The AMPCP behavior during its real conditions of operation remains partially unknown as it cannot be fully instrumented and monitored. The influence of high temperature, high pressure, corrosive gas and mechanical loads on the failure, are therefore difficult to establish. In this paper, a methodology is proposed to solve this problem, based on coupled experimental and numerical analysis. The initial aim is to evaluate the pump behavior in its running conditions (pressure, rotation speed) and to consequently predict pump failure due to fatigue and/or corrosion effect. In an attempt to continuously optimize the All Metal PCP technology, the experimental work has been done in partnership referring to fatigue and corrosive test on specific alloys in order to choose the best material for run life improvement in various running conditions. The numerical work is based on a strongly coupled Fluid Structure Interaction (FSI) study. This analysis shows that the fluid influences consequently the stress level in the pump. It shows that the structure influences the fluid behavior too. This means that the classical static approaches generally focused on only the fluid or only on the structure are not suited for PCP. This new approach can be used to determine the optimal design. Once the identified solutions have been implemented, a close Operation follow up through Field Track software will be used to validate this approach and its success, closing the loop of run life improvements. Source


Chinesta F.,Ecole Centrale Nantes | Magnin M.,Ecole Centrale Nantes | Roux O.,Ecole Centrale Nantes | Ammar A.,LAMPA | Cueto E.,University of Zaragoza
Entropy | Year: 2015

In this work, we begin by considering the qualitative modeling of biological regulatory systems using process hitting, from which we define its probabilistic counterpart by considering the chemical master equation within a kinetic theory framework. The last equation is efficiently solved by considering a separated representation within the proper generalized decomposition framework that allows circumventing the so-called curse of dimensionality. Finally, model parameters can be added as extra-coordinates in order to obtain a parametric solution of the model. © 2015 by the authors. Source


Younes W.,IRT Jules Verne | Giraud E.,LAMPA | Dal Santo P.,LAMPA
Key Engineering Materials | Year: 2015

Anisotropic behavior at high temperature of an Aluminum-Lithium alloy was studied. Mechanical tests at a temperature of 350°C and a strain rate of 10-2 s-1 were carried out on samples taken at different angles with respect to the rolling direction of the sheet. Two plasticity criteria (HILL48 and HU2005) were identified and implemented in ABAQUS to predict the anisotropic behavior of the alloy for other angles. Results show that: (i) the alloy exhibits an anisotropic behavior at high temperature and some recrystallization occurs during plastic deformation; (ii) the coefficients of anisotropy depend on strain level and (iii) HU2005 criterion allows describing the behavior of the alloy at high temperature. © (2015) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland. Source


Najjar W.,LAMPA | Najjar W.,University of Arts | Pupin C.,LAMPA | Legrand X.,University of Arts | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites | Year: 2014

During the preforming stage of woven reinforcement, in the first step of the resin transfer moulding process, the phenomenon of friction occurring at the tool-reinforcement interfaces and the reinforcement-reinforcement interfaces is one of the key parameters of the forming process. This behaviour must be correctly taken into account when modelling the process and a better understanding of the contact and friction phenomena occurring during the woven fabric preforming process is necessary for realistic simulation of the preforming process. Although some existing studies concerning friction of reinforcement have been published, the complex frictional behaviour of fabrics is still not completely clear. The experimental characterization of the frictional behaviour of a specific carbon woven reinforcement (G1151) used for aeronautical applications is the aim of this article and three interfaces have been studied (G1151/G1151, G1151/Plexiglas, G1151/aluminium). The Coulomb coefficients of friction occurring during contact between two layers of fabric and between the fabric and other materials have been determined. The effect of the variation of normal pressure and temperature on the frictional behaviour of this reinforcement has also been analysed. Comparisons between several frictional models, described in the literature, are also conducted in associated with these experimental results. This study highlights a significant tribological anisotropy of the G1151 reinforcement and a dependence of the frictional characteristics on the applied pressure and the temperature. © The Author(s) 2014. Source

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