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Reggio nell'Emilia, Italy

Merlo A.,LAM Laboratorio Analisi Movimento | Zemp D.,Servizio Sottocenerino di Geriatria | Zanda E.,Servizio Sottocenerino di Geriatria | Rocchi S.,Centro Of Riabilitazione | And 5 more authors.
Gait and Posture | Year: 2012

Falls are common events in the elderly and represent the main risk factor for fractures and other injuries. Strategies for fall prevention rely on the multifactorial assessment of the risk of falling. The contribution of instrumented balance assessment to the prediction of falls remains unclear in the literature. In this study, we analyzed the association between the fall-history of a wide sample of older people without dementia and the values of a set of posturographic parameters acquired in different visual, proprioceptive and mental conditions. A consecutive sample of 130 cognitively able elderly subjects, age ≥ 70 years, was analyzed. Based on their fall-history in the last year, subjects were categorized into non-fallers (NF), fallers (F) and recurrent fallers (RF > 2 falls). Each subject was assessed by measurements of cognition and functional ability. Static posturography tests were performed in five conditions: with eyes open/close (EO/EC) on a firm/compliant (FS/CS) surface and while performing a cognitive task. The center of pressure (COP) mean position referred to the mid-point of the heels, area of the 95% confidence ellipse, sway mean velocities and RMS displacements in the antero-posterior (AP) and medio-lateral (ML) directions were computed and their association with the fall-history was assessed. The mean position of the COP in the AP direction and the confidence ellipse area were associated with the fall-history in the EOFS, ECFS and EOCS conditions (P<0.05). RMS displacements were also associated with the fall-history in the EOCS condition (P<0.05). Significant group differences (P<0.05) were found in the EOCS conditions, which greatly enhanced the differences among NF, F and RF. The ability to control balance while standing with eyes open on a compliant surface showed a high degree of association with the fall-history of older people with no or mild cognitive impairment. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Cavazzuti L.,LAM Laboratorio Analisi Movimento | Merlo A.,LAM Laboratorio Analisi Movimento | Orlandi F.,LAM Laboratorio Analisi Movimento | Campanini I.,LAM Laboratorio Analisi Movimento
Gait and Posture | Year: 2010

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) is a common musculoskeletal complaint. The presence of a delay between vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) and vastus lateralis (VL) muscle onset has been suggested in the literature as a possible cause of PFPS, with poor agreement amongst authors on the value of the delay. In this study we computed the delay in the activation of VMO and VL in 15 PFPS patients and 20 age-matched controls (Ctrls) during the following tasks: sit to stand, stand to sit, squat, step up and step down. Activation instants were detected from surface EMG data by a double-threshold statistical detector. In order to compare the muscle activity throughout the task, we computed the delay between the instants in which the VMO and VL normalised envelopes reached subsequent normalised amplitude levels, until the envelope peak. In all investigated tasks but sit to stand, the onset delay was lower or equal then 0.02. s, without group differences. Similarly, no differences between Ctrls and PFPS timing were found throughout all tasks, until the peak. Our results do not support the hypothesis that an onset delay between VMO and VL can be one of the causes of PFPS. © 2010. Source

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