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Tasdemir U.,Lalahan Livestock Central Research Institute | Agaoglu A.R.,Mehmet Akif Ersoy University | Kaymaz M.,Ankara University | Karakas K.,Ankara University
Tropical Animal Health and Production | Year: 2011

The aim of this study was to compare ovarian response and embryo yield of Day 0 protocol in Angora goats (AG) and indigenous Kilis goats (KG) in the non-breeding season. A total of 16 Angora goats (AG group) and 11 Kilis goats (KG group) were used in this study. In the synchronization process, after controlled internal drug release withdrawal, when estrus signs were observed, natural mating was performed. Ovarian response was determined by synchronized laparotomy 6 days after natural mating, and number of corpora lutea (CL) was recorded. Embryos were collected and morphologically evaluated by stereomicroscope. Synchronization rates did not differ between AG (88%, 14/16) and KG group (91%, 10/11). In AG and KG groups, the proportion of CL on the right (44% and 53%, respectively) and left (56% and 47%, respectively) ovaries were similar. The CL number per animal did not differ significantly between the two breeds and was determined as 4.4 ± 0.90 in AG group and 6.4 ± 1.44 in KG group. Transferable embryo yields were significantly higher in AG group (31/42, 74%) compared to KG group (16/46, 35%) in the non-breeding season (P < 0.01). In conclusion, it is suggested that the day 0 protocol can be used for goat superovulation in the non-breeding season; however, transferable embryo yields are affected by the breed. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

Karakaya E.,Uludag University | Yilmazbas-Mecitoglu G.,Uludag University | Keskin A.,Uludag University | Alkan A.,Tarfas Company | And 3 more authors.
Reproduction in Domestic Animals | Year: 2014

Contents: The aim of this study was to compare pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) after timed AI with sex-sorted sperm (SS) or conventional semen (CS) in lactating dairy cows. Cyclic cows (n = 302) were synchronized by Ovsynch and randomly assigned into two groups at the time of AI. Cows with a follicle size between 12 and 18 mm and clear vaginal discharge at the time of AI were inseminated with either frozen-thawed SS (n = 148) or CS (n = 154) of the same bull. A shallow uterine insemination was performed into the uterine horn ipsilateral to the side of probable impending ovulation. Pregnancy per AI on Day 31 tended (p = 0.09) to be less for SS (31.8%) than CS (40.9%). Similarly, P/AI on Day 62 was less (p = 0.01) for cows inseminated with SS (25.7%) compared with CS (39.0%). The increased difference in fertility between treatments from Days 31 to 62 was caused by the greater (p = 0.02) pregnancy loss for cows receiving SS (19.2%) than CS (4.8%). Cow parity (p = 0.02) and season (p < 0.01) when AI was performed were additional factors affecting fertility. Primiparous cows had greater P/AI than multiparous cows both on Day 31 (41.7% vs 25.0% in SS and 53.0% vs 31.8% in CS groups) and on Day 62 (33.3% vs 20.5% in SS and 48.5% vs 31.8% in CS groups). During the hot season of the year, P/AI on Day 31 was reduced (p = 0.01) in the SS group (19.6%) when compared with the rates during the cool season (38.1%). In conclusion, sex-sorted sperm produced lower fertility results compared to conventional semen even after using some selection criteria to select most fertile cows. © 2014 Blackwell Verlag GmbH. Source

Tasdemir U.,Lalahan Livestock Central Research Institute | Satilmis M.,Lalahan Livestock Central Research Institute | Karasahin T.,Lalahan Livestock Central Research Institute | Kizil S.H.,Lalahan Livestock Central Research Institute | And 2 more authors.
Ankara Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi | Year: 2012

Summary: The present study was designed to determine whether a single epidural injection plus intramuscular (im) injection of FSH in order to reduce the number of injection treatments required to induce supurovulatory response, as well as to determine the effects of this treatment on Anatolian Black cow (Bos Taurus). The results will be compared to those obtained by administration of twice daily injections of FSH. Twenty-one Anatolian Black cows were used in this study. Anatolian Black cows received Cue-mate containing 1.56 g progesterone. The cows were divided into three groups (D1, D2 and E) based on the dose and administration route of FSH. In group D1 a total of 490 IU FSH and in group D2 a total of 700 IU FSH was given intramuscularly in decreasing doses for twice daily for 4 days. In both groups superovulatory treatments were initiated on day 7 of the cycle. In group E, FSH was given 175 IU epidural plus 175 IU im injection on day 7 of the cycle. On the 9th day of the cycle, the Cue-mate was removed and the cows received 500 μg prostaglandinF2α in all goups. The cows were artificially inseminated (AI) using semen obtained from native Anatolian Black bulls twice; in the evening of day 11 and in the morning of day 12 with 12 hours intervals. Superovulated cows were non-surgically flushed 7 days after AI. Embryos were morphologically evaluated and classified according to the criteria recommended by the IETS. No significant differences were observed in the mean number of Corpus luteum (CL) among groups which were 3.7 ± 0.56 in D1; 3.4 ± 0.55 in D2 and 6.0 ± 1.14 in E. There was no difference in transferable embryo yield among groups (10/42, 23.8% in D1; 14/32, 43.8% in D2 and 19/82, 23.2% in E). Untransferable embryo yield was not also significantly different among the groups (32/42, 76.2% in D1; 18/32, 56.2% in D2 and 63/82, 76.8% in E). The UFO rate was similar in all groups (17/77, 22.1% in D1; 13/71, 18.3% in D2 and 28/132, 21.2% in E). Recovery rate was found to be significant among groups (59/77, 76.6% in D1; 45/71, 63.4% in D2 and 110/132, 83.3% in E). To conclude, a single epidural injection plus an im injection of FSH application can be obtained acceptable results compared to twice daily injection of FSH for superstimulatory response. However transferable embryo rate of Anatolian Black cow was found to be low in both single epidural injection plus im injection and twice daily FSH applications. Further studies are required to obtain more concrete results on increasing transferable embryo yields in different breeds. Source

Bucak M.N.,Selcuk University | Baspinar N.,Selcuk University | Tuncer P.B.,Lalahan Livestock Central Research Institute | Coyan K.,Selcuk University | And 4 more authors.
Andrologia | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of curcumin and dithioerythritol added into bull semen extender on sperm parameters, lipid peroxidation, total glutathione and antioxidant potential levels of bull spermatozoa following the freeze/thawing process. Twenty-seven ejaculates obtained from three bulls were included in the study. Each ejaculate that was splitted into five equal groups and diluted in a Tris-based extender containing curcumin (0.5 and 2mm), dithioerythritol (0.5 and 2mm) and no additive (control) was cooled to 5°C and frozen in 0.25-ml French straws. The extender supplemented with 0.5mm dose of curcumin led to lower percentage of total abnormality (20.40±2.36%) when compared to the control (30.60±1.47%, P<0.05). Curcumin and dithioerythritol at 0.5mm provided a greater protective effect in the membrane functional integrity (54.40±2.09% and 50.00±2.68%), in comparison with control (37.20±1.77%, P<0.001). Supplementation with antioxidants did not significantly affect the lipid peroxidation and antioxidant potential levels, while the maintenance of total glutathione levels in curcumin 0.5mm was demonstrated to be higher than that of control, following the freeze/thawing (P<0.05). Supplementation with these antioxidants prior to the cryopreservation process may be recommended to facilitate the enhancement of sperm cryopreservation techniques. © 2011 Blackwell Verlag GmbH. Source

Sariozkan S.,Erciyes University | Bucak M.N.,Lalahan Livestock Central Research Institute | Tuncer P.B.,Lalahan Livestock Central Research Institute | Tasdemir U.,Lalahan Livestock Central Research Institute | And 2 more authors.
Theriogenology | Year: 2010

The main objective of the current study was to evaluate the effects of extender type and centrifugation/washing prior to cryopreservation on the postthaw sperm parameters, lipid peroxidation, and superoxide dismutase activity of Angora buck (Capra hircus ancryrensis) sperm. Ejaculates collected from three Angora bucks were used in this study. Two consecutive ejaculates from each buck were pooled and split into equal parts in four Falcon tubes. Two tubes were diluted at 37 °C and then centrifuged to remove semen plasma. After centrifugation, two sediment parts were diluted with a Tris-based extender and commercial Bioxcell extender, respectively. The remaining two parts, which were not centrifuged/washed, were diluted with the above-mentioned extenders, respectively. Diluted samples were cooled to 5 °C and frozen in 0.25-mL French straws to be stored in liquid nitrogen. Frozen straws were thawed individually at 37 °C for 20 sec in a water bath for evaluation. The semen part with centrifugation/washing in the Bioxcell extender (BC) demonstrated a higher rate of subjective motility (58.1 ± 3.0%) compared with that of groups with (TC) or without (T) centrifugation/washing in the Tris-based extender (P < 0.01). Angora buck sperm frozen with (BC) or without (B) centrifugation/washing in the Bioxcell extender demonstrated higher percentages of motility (60.6 ± 2.7% and 54.3 ± 4.8%, respectively) compared with that of groups T and TC. The postthaw progressive motility rate (22.3 ± 2.7%) was significantly greater for semen parts diluted in B compared with that of other groups. BC gave rise to a lower value of average path velocity (90.0 ± 5.2 μm/sec) compared with that of other groups (P < 0.01). For straight linear velocity and linearity index, the highest values (103.2 ± 4.7 μm/sec, 47.5 ± 1.6% and 94.8 ± 3.0 μm/sec, 44.8 ± 1.1%, respectively) were obtained from B and TC (P < 0.001). For sperm acrosome and total abnormalities, TC gave the highest values (11.2 ± 0.6% and 26.6 ± 1.5%, respectively, P < 0.01). In the group frozen in BC, the percentage of membrane integrity assessed by hypo-osmotic swelling test was higher (61.2 ± 2.2%) than that of the other groups (P < 0.001). With respect to fertility results based on 35-d pregnancy rates, BC gave a higher rate (76.5%) than that of TC (27.8%, P < 0.05). Malondialdehyde formation was found to be lower (1.64 ± 0.26 nmol/L) in BC than in the other groups after the freeze-thawing process (P < 0.001). In the semen part frozen in BC, superoxide dismutase activity was higher (0.18 ± 0.02 U/mg protein) compared with that of the other groups (P < 0.05). Further studies are required to obtain more precise results for the characterization of oxidative stress parameters and fertilizing ability in cryopreserved buck spermatozoa. Crown Copyright © 2010. Source

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