Time filter

Source Type

Vecchio M.G.,ZETA Research Ltd | Paramesh E.C.,Lakeside Institute of Child Health | Paramesh H.,Lakeside Institute of Child Health | Loganes C.,Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS Burlo Garofolo | And 3 more authors.
Indian Journal of Pediatrics

Nowadays India is undergoing an impressive economic growth accompanied by a very slow decline, almost stagnation, in malnutrition levels. In developing countries, studies on dietary patterns and their relationship with nutritional status are scarce. Over the years some nutritional studies have been performed to explore different types of food consumed in various Indian regions, among different social samples. The aim of the present paper is to review and describe trends in food and nutrition intake patterns in the different states of India. The review was carried out in PubMed, using the advanced research criteria: [food* OR (“meal pattern*”) OR (“eating pattern*”)] AND (“nutrient intake”) AND India*. PubMed research gave back 84 results and out of these, 7 papers due to their focus on food intake and consumption levels in India have been included in this study. Food intake patterns showed that most of the Indians are vegetarians and that food items rich in micronutrients (pulses, other vegetables, fruits, nuts, oilseeds and animal foods) are generally consumed less frequently. Poor and monotonous cereals-based diet may promote inadequate nutrition intakes according to Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) standards. © 2014, Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation. Source

Vecchio M.G.,ZETA Research Ltd | Ghidina M.,ZETA Research Ltd | Berchialla P.,University of Turin | Paramesh E.C.,Lakeside Institute of Child Health | Gregori D.,University of Padua
Indian Journal of Pediatrics

Objective: To develop an instrument that allows one to estimate the Indian children’s brand awareness of alimentary products.Methods: The IBAI (International Brand Awareness Instrument), an age specific tool composed of 12 sheets with images reporting brand logos of alimentary products, has been adjusted for the Indian context in order to investigate on infants’ cognitive skills of recalling and recognizing. The IBAI was piloted in a sample of 100 children aged from 3 to 10 y and enrolled in New Delhi schools.Results: Children aged 7–10 y showed an higher brand awareness as compared to those of 3–6 y.Conclusions: The IBAI instrument may be a component for further analysis of the influence of food marketing on child’s diet, foods’ choices and preferences within the Indian social and cultural macro-context. Findings suggest that children over 6 y are particularly gullible by brands and TV promoted advertising. Prevention through information should, therefore be offered to school aged children and their parents, involving teachers, nutritionists and experts in developmental psychology also. © 2014, Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation. Source

Gregori D.,University of Padua | Paramesh E.C.,Lakeside Institute of Child Health | Arockiacath P.,MERF Institute of Speech and Hearing MERF ISH | Comoretto R.,University of Padua | And 4 more authors.
Indian Journal of Pediatrics

Results: Four factors, promoting rise of children’s weight, were individuated as associated to urban differences, namely meal times consumed in the family, parents’ BMI, brand awareness and physical activity. These aspects exercised a significant impact on children’s body size in Kolkata and Chennai. Hyderabad and Mumbai, instead, were the cities where religion played some role in influencing children’s weight gain.Conclusions: Such findings underline the need to frame obesity as a situated phenomenon rather than a national problem. Health policies, implemented in treating and preventing obesity, should be therefore specifically focused on locally situated peculiarities.Methods: Overall 1,680 children, aged 3–11 and balanced by gender, were recruited in school contexts distributed in seven major Indian cities. All children were weighted and measured in order to calculate their BMI. A validated cultural specific questionnaire was administered to children’s parents for assessing socio-demographic data, eating habits, physical activity, etc. Furthermore children’s brand awareness scores were computed in order to analyze their affiliation towards food-based advertisement. Descriptive statistics of frequencies, duration and intensity of the various factors were performed. Chi-square tests or Wilcoxon signed rank test were used for evaluating significance of differences in factors distribution across Indian cities.Objective: To investigate obesogenic co-causing factors, promoting rise of weight in children, associated to local differences in India. © 2014, Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation. Source

Hochdorn A.,University of Padua | Baldi I.,University of Padua | Paramesh E.C.,Lakeside Institute of Child Health | Kumar M.,Internal Research Unit | Gregori D.,University of Padua
Indian Journal of Pediatrics

Objective: To quantify mothers’ social desirability bias with respect to their children’s weight in a cross-regional Indian setting.Methods: The OBEY-AD was a cross-sectional study which has been realized in 7 Indian cities (Bengaluru, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, New Delhi and Surat), enroling 1,680 children aged 3–11 y of which 50 % were females. Children’s BMI scores were computed, standardized according to WHO growth charts and categorized as Normal, Overweight, Obese and Underweight. Mothers were asked to judge the weight status of their children through an iconographic test, indicating the shape, which better mirrors the size of their kids. Socio-demographic data, especially employment, income and education, was accessed by administrating a cross-sectional questionnaire to the mothers, involved for the study.Results: Overall, 369 children resulted as obese or overweight (23.5 %). Out of them, 75 % (278) were not recognized as such by their mothers. Such figures range from up to 76 % in Chennai and Surat down to 72 % in Hyderabad, Kolkata, New Delhi and Mumbai. Overall agreement between perceived and desired weight status of children was very poor (p < 0.001). Surprisingly, overall 10 % of overweight/obese children were considered as even too lean by their mothers.Misperception of children’s weight status seemed to be significantly related to urban differences and socio-economic status.Conclusions: This study quantifies the extent of the so-called social desirability bias, namely mother’s unconscious attitude to adapt empirical evidence to more culturally legitimized ideal-types of what their children’s weight status is expected to be. Its association with westernized representations of leanness as evaluation criteria for beauty has important policy implications. © 2014, Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation. Source

Gregori D.,University of Padua | Hochdorn A.,University of Padua | Ballali S.,ZETA Research Ltd | Paramesh H.,Lakeside Institute of Child Health | And 2 more authors.
Indian Journal of Pediatrics

Conclusions: Food consumption by children is not influenced by the presence of added toys, even after adjustment for several potential confounding factors. The city where they live and age significantly influences Indian children’s caloric intake.Objective: To investigate, in a large pan Indian sample of school children, whether gadgets (toys) added to food increase food consumption, and if contemporary exposure to TV and/or advertising is a further promoting factor.Methods: A total of 1,680 Indian children were first randomized to food exposure with or without toy and then to a five-level exposure to TV viewing and advertising according to a 2 × 5 full factorial ad libitum eating design study. The sample size was computed to detect a difference of 20 Kcal of caloric intake (assuming the same standard deviation of 20 Kcal in both groups) between “food with gadget” (Toy) and “food alone” (No Toy) groups in each level of the exposure to TV and advertising factor, given an alpha error equal to 0.05 and a power of 0.90.Results: Mean caloric intake both in “Toy” and “No Toy” group was around 223 Kcal. When considering exposure to TV and advertising, mean values varied negligibly between 222 and 225 Kcal. According to linear models for the effect of gadget and exposure to TV and/or advertising on children’s intake, no significant adjusted associations were found, neither as main effects nor as interactions. © 2014, Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation. Source

Discover hidden collaborations