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Axelsson R.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | Angelstam P.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | Myhrman L.,Gamla Nasvagen 10A | Sadbom S.,Bergskraft Bergslagen Economic Association | And 14 more authors.
Ambio | Year: 2013

To implement policies about sustainable landscapes and rural development necessitates social learning about states and trends of sustainability indicators, norms that define sustainability, and adaptive multi-level governance. We evaluate the extent to which social learning at multiple governance levels for sustainable landscapes occur in 18 local development initiatives in the network of Sustainable Bergslagen in Sweden. We mapped activities over time, and interviewed key actors in the network about social learning. While activities resulted in exchange of experiences and some local solutions, a major challenge was to secure systematic social learning and make new knowledge explicit at multiple levels. None of the development initiatives used a systematic approach to secure social learning, and sustainability assessments were not made systematically. We discuss how social learning can be improved, and how a learning network of development initiatives could be realized. © 2013 The Author(s). Source

Axelsson R.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | Angelstam P.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | Degerman E.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | Teitelbaum S.,University of Quebec at Montreal | And 3 more authors.
Ambio | Year: 2013

Policies on economic use of natural resources require considerations to social and cultural values. In order to make those concrete in a planning context, this paper aims to interpret social and cultural criteria, identify indicators, match these with verifier variables and visualize them on maps. Indicators were selected from a review of scholarly work and natural resource policies, and then matched with verifier variables available for Sweden's 290 municipalities. Maps of the spatial distribution of four social and four cultural verifier variables were then produced. Consideration of social and cultural values in the studied natural resource use sectors was limited. The spatial distribution of the verifier variables exhibited a general divide between northwest and south Sweden, and regional rural and urban areas. We conclude that it is possible to identify indicators and match them with verifier variables to support inclusion of social and cultural values in planning. © 2013 The Author(s). Source

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