Liu P.,Qingdao University |
Liu P.,Laiwu Hospital Affiliated with Taishan Medical College |
Wang H.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention |
Zhang F.,Laiwu Hospital Affiliated with Taishan Medical College |
And 3 more authors.
Internal Medicine | Year: 2015
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term effective control of serum uric acid by allopurinol on the carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and asymptomatic hyperuricemia (HUA). Methods This was a randomized open parallel-controlled study. In this study, 176 patients with T2DM and asymptomatic HUA were randomly allocated to the conventional or allopurinol treatment groups on the basis of a computer-generated random number table. Changes in the carotid IMT, biochemical indexes, high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and the incidence of hypertension in patients before and after three years of treatment were examined and compared between the groups. Results There were no statistically significant differences in the baseline characteristics of the study participants between the two treatment groups (p>0.05 for all). Nevertheless, the serum uric acid, triglyceride, and hs-CRP levels and the homeostasis assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and the carotid IMT in the allopurinol group were significantly lower than those in the conventional group after three years of treatment (p<0.01 for all). The intention-to-treat analysis indicated that the incidence of new-onset hypertension in the allopurinol group showed a declining trend compared to that in the conventional treatment group (6.8% vs. 13.6%, p>0.05). Conclusion The long-term effective control of serum uric acid by allopurinol may improve insulin resistance, decrease the serum levels of hs-CRP, reduce the carotid IMT, and may delay the development of atherosclerosis in patients with T2DM and asymptomatic HUA. © 2015 The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine.
Wang C.-L.,Laiwu Hospital Affiliated with Taishan Medical College |
Huang S.-F.,Laiwu Hospital Affiliated with Taishan Medical College |
Sun X.-S.,Laiwu Hospital Affiliated with Taishan Medical College |
Zhu T.,Laiwu Hospital Affiliated with Taishan Medical College |
And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015
Objectives: To examine the transfer of abductor digiti minimi (ADM) muscle flaps as a method for preventing wound healing complications in cases of closed calcaneal fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). Method: Design: Retrospective review. Patients: Twenty-six cases of acute closed calcaneal fracture in patients at risk for serious wound complications or with serious fractures. Intervention: During the ORIF surgery, an ADM muscle flap was removed and used to cover the plate, filling the gap between the plate and skin. Main Outcome Measures: Wound healing rates, postoperative complications, and time to heal. Results: All wounds healed uneventfully, except for one case of minor superficial epithelial necrosis during the early postoperative period, which was treated conservatively. All patients regained ambulatory status with regular foot apparel. At last follow-up, the patients presented no clinical, laboratory, or radiological signs of complications. Conclusions: This ADM muscle flap transfer technique appeared to successfully prevent wound healing complications among patients undergoing ORIF for closed calcaneal fractures. This method offers a promising treatment option for calcaneal fractures in patients at high risk for serious wound complications, and future studies with greater numbers of cases are needed to further investigate its clinical application. © 2008-All rights reserved.