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Ferro M.,Radiotherapy Unit | Deodato F.,Radiotherapy Unit | Macchia G.,Radiotherapy Unit | Gentileschi S.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | And 8 more authors.
Cancer Investigation | Year: 2015

Aim: To evaluate outcome of an accelerated radiotherapy (RT) regimen in elderly patients with an early stage non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). Methods: Total RT dose was 30 Gy in 5 Gy fractions in six consecutive days. Results: Thirty-one patients were enrolled. Fourteen were aged ≥80 years. Acute skin and observed late toxicity were exclusively of grade 1. Thirty patients showed a complete response (median follow-up 30 months). Two-year actuarial local control was 93.2%. The cosmetic result wasmostly judged as good or excellent. Conclusions: Short-course RT in elderly NMSC patients produces >90% local control of disease. Copyright © 2015 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

Frayer E.A.,Wayne State University | George R.M.,Wayne State University | Caughran J.L.,Lacks Cancer Center
American Journal of Surgery | Year: 2012

A 24-year-old woman with no significant past medical or surgical history presented with diffuse abdominal pain and distention with decreased frequency of bowel movements for 1 month. A computerized tomography scan showed a massively dilated cecum suggesting obstruction. Exploratory laparotomy revealed bowel obstruction secondary to a band of fibroadipose tissue associated with paratubal cysts originating from the left fallopian tube. Removal of the band was performed with thorough examination of the bowel confirming absence of perforation or necrosis. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Massaccesi M.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | Digesu C.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | Macchia G.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | Deodato F.,Catholic University of the Sacred Heart | And 12 more authors.
British Journal of Radiology | Year: 2012

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of bilateral mammography undertaken before adjuvant radiotherapy in patients with conservatively managed invasive carcinoma of the breast. Methods: Patients with invasive breast cancer referred to the Radiotherapy Unit of the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, in Campobasso, Italy, between March 2002 and September 2006 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were referred to our facility from other local and regional hospitals where they received breast-conserving surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy. They presented to our department for postoperative whole-breast radiotherapy. All patients underwent physical examination and bilateral mammography prior to adjuvant irradiation. Results: 201 patients met the selection criteria as delineated. Of these 201 patients who underwent pre-radiotherapy mammography, 3 had suspicious findings on mammography. In two of those cases, the histopathological examination confirmed the presence of residual disease within the residual mammary gland. In one case, the pre-radiotherapy mammogram allowed for the detection of disease persistence which was not otherwise appreciated on physical exam. In the other case, the diagnostic imaging confirmed only the findings of the physical exam. In both cases of residual disease, the tumour was found elsewhere in the breast and not at the primary site. In one patient, the radiological re-assessment led to a false-positive result. No cases of contralateral synchronous breast cancer were observed. The overall adjunctive cost of this strategy including a routine mammography besides the clinical visit was €7012 for all patients. Conclusions: No clear recommendation exists regarding post-operative mammography before adjuvant radiotherapy. In our experience, this strategy allowed for the detection of gross disease persistence after surgery which was not appreciated at clinical examination in 1 case out of 201. In this patient, adjuvant radiotherapy up to a total dose of 50 Gy would have been inadequate. Given the low cost of mammography, further investigation about its role in pre-radiotherapy evaluation is warranted. © 2012 The British Institute of Radiology.

Schmitz M.D.,Michigan State University | Padula G.D.A.,Michigan State University | Padula G.D.A.,Lacks Cancer Center | Chun P.Y.,Michigan State University | Davis A.T.,Michigan State University
Radiation Oncology | Year: 2010

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the expected time to prostate specific antigen (PSA) normalization with or without neoadjuvant androgen deprivation (NAAD) therapy after treatment with intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for patients with clinically localized prostate cancer.Methods: A retrospective cohort research design was used. A total of 133 patients with clinical stage T1c to T3b prostate cancer (2002 AJCC staging) treated in a community setting between January 2002 and July 2005 were reviewed for time to PSA normalization using 1 ng/mL and 2 ng/mL as criteria. All patients received IMRT as part of their management. Times to PSA normalization were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Significance was assessed at p < 0.05.Results: Fifty-six of the 133 patients received NAAD (42.1%). Thirty-one patients (23.8%) received radiation to a limited pelvic field followed by an IMRT boost, while 99 patients received IMRT alone (76.2%). The times to serum PSA normalization < 2 ng/mL when treated with or without NAAD were 298 ± 24 and 302 ± 33 days (mean ± SEM), respectively (p > 0.05), and 303 ± 24 and 405 ± 46 days, respectively, for PSA < 1 ng/mL (p < 0.05). Stage T1 and T2 tumors had significantly increased time to PSA normalization < 1 ng/mL in comparison to Stage T3 tumors. Also, higher Gleason scores were significantly correlated with a faster time to PSA normalization < 1 ng/mL.Conclusions: Use of NAAD in conjunction with IMRT leads to a significantly shortened time to normalization of serum PSA < 1 ng/mL in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer. © 2010 Schmitz et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Cormier J.N.,University of Houston | Ko C.Y.,University of California at Los Angeles | McCahill L.E.,Lacks Cancer Center | Edge S.B.,Roswell Park Cancer Institute | And 6 more authors.
Annals of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2011

During the past decade, increasing emphasis has been placed on defining and measuring the quality of health care delivery. The Outcomes Committee of the Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) was established in 2008 to explore and promote emerging outcomes-related topics that are most relevant to society membership. In recognition of the importance of health care quality, a mini-symposium was held at the SSO's 63rd Annual Cancer Symposium in St. Louis, Missouri, in March 2010. The primary objective of the symposium was to define what constitutes quality measurement in cancer care. This article presents an overview of the symposiumproceedings. © Society of Surgical Oncology 2010.

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