Time filter

Source Type

Vignoli M.,Veterinary Oncology Center | Barberet V.,Medical Imaging | Chiers K.,Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology | Duchateau L.,Ghent University | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2011

Several methods for obtaining specimens from abdominal organs have been described. Imaging-guided biopsy, particularly ultrasound-guided biopsy, is the most frequently used in clinical trials. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic quality of histological samples obtained with a manual biopsy device (Spirotome) on biopsies of the liver, spleen, and kidney, in fresh canine organs and in live animals in a clinical trial. The study was divided into two different parts, one using normal fresh canine organs with a total of 60 biopsies, 20 of liver, spleen, and kidney, respectively; and one on clinical patients, including 35 biopsied lesions in 28 animals (25 dogs and three cats) for a total of 95 biopsies. All the biopsy samples were considered satisfactory from canine cadavers, and all specimens were diagnostic in clinical cases. The technique was accurate and safe and no major complications were noted. © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Abdo W.,Kafr El Sheikh University | Abdo W.,Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology | Hirata A.,Gifu University | Shukry M.,Kafr El Sheikh University | And 4 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2015

Calligonum comosum (C. comosum) is an Egyptian desert plant that contains polyphenol antioxidants. The present study examined the chemopreventive effect of an extract of C. comosum in a rat model of hepatocarcinogenesis. Male Wistar rats (n=40) were administered 100 mg/kg diethylnitrosamine (DEN) by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection once a week for 3 weeks. Subsequently, depending on whether the rats received further administration of 0.8 mg/kg carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) i.p. once a week for 7 weeks and 100 mg/kg C. comosum extract in their diet for 7 weeks, the rats were divided into four groups as follows: Group 1, treatment with DEN alone; group 2, treatment with DEN and C. comosum extract; group 3, treatment with DEN and CCl4; and group 4, treatment with DEN, CCl4 and C. comosum extract. The supplementation of C. comosum extract significantly suppressed the elevation in serum liver enzyme levels, including aspartate aminotransferase, alanine transaminase and γ-glutamyl transferase, and reduced the degree of oval cell proliferation induced by DEN and CCl4. In addition, C. comosum extract significantly decreased the number and area of glutathione S-transferase placental form-positive preneoplastic hepatic foci induced by DEN, with or without CCl4 treatment. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first to provide definitive evidence of the hepatoprotective and chemopreventive effects of C. comosum. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved. Source

Mizukami S.,Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology | Mizukami S.,Gifu University | Murakami T.,Laboratory of Veterinary Toxicology | Tanaka T.,Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Comparative Pathology | Year: 2016

The present study has characterized the germ cell component of canine testicular mixed germ cell–sex cord stromal tumours (MGSCTs) by examining the histological nature and histochemical and immunohistochemical features using gonocytic and spermatogonial cellular markers, c-Kit, placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP), protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5), Sal-like protein 4 (SALL4), and the periodic acid–Schiff (PAS) reaction. Histologically, all 45 examples of MGSCTs were classified as spermatocytic seminomas (SSs) and Sertoli cell tumours in combination. The germ cell component of all MGSCTs was negative by PAS staining. Immunohistochemically, PLAP immunoreactivity was lacking in the germ cell component of all MGSCTs, which is not consistent with a gonocytic origin. The germ cell component was positive for PGP9.5 and SALL4 in all MGSCTs and positive for c-Kit in 53% of MGSCTs, which is consistent with the phenotype of spermatogonia. Furthermore, the germ cell component in 71% of MGSCTs had moderate immunoreactivity for SALL4, which is suggestive of a spermatogonial phenotype. Conversely, 29% of cases had a minor population of germ cells showing strong SALL4 immunoreactivity, suggesting a phenotype similar to prespermatogonia. The results suggest that the germ cell component of canine MGSCTs is morphologically classified as SS, with the majority of cases showing the spermatogonial phenotype and some cases containing a small population of prespermatogonia. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd Source

Golbar H.M.,Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology | Izawa T.,Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology | Kuwamura M.,Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology | Okamura K.,Kitasuma Animal Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Toxicologic Pathology | Year: 2011

A neoplastic nodular lesion consisting of an admixture of granular cell tumor and adenocarcinoma was found in the uterus of a 26-month-old Djungarian hamster. Neoplastic cells of the uterine adenocarcinoma showed an epithelial nature in their growth patterns and by cytokeratin-immunopositive reaction, exhibiting nuclear pleomorphism. The granular cells had an abundant amount of fine granular eosinophilic cytoplasm and eccentric or central nuclei with no nuclear atypia; the granular structures were positive for periodic acid-Schiff with diastase resistance and were confirmed as lysosomes/autophagosomes by electron microscopy; immunohistochemically, the cells reacted to desmin, vimentin and α-smooth muscle actin and negatively for neurogenic, histiocyte/macrophage or epithelial markers, indicating smooth muscle origin. Because these tumors were generated from different cell origins, a diagnosis of collision tumor was made. © 2011 The Japanese Society of Toxicologic Pathology. Source

Taketa Y.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | Taketa Y.,Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology | Inoue K.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | Takahashi M.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | And 2 more authors.
Toxicologic Pathology | Year: 2013

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME) or atrazine induces luteal cell hypertrophy in rats. Our previous study suggested that EGME stimulates both new and old corpora lutea (CL), while atrazine stimulates new CL. Bromocriptine (BRC) is known to suppress the luteolysis in rats. This study investigated the light- and electron-microscopic luteal changes induced by EGME, atrazine, or BRC. Female rats were treated with EGME (300 mg/kg/day), BRC (2 mg/kg/day), EGME and BRC (EGME + BRC), or atrazine (300 mg/kg/day) for 7 days. Luteal cell hypertrophy induced by EGME, EGME + BRC, and atrazine was subclassified into the following two types: CL hypertrophy, vacuolated type (CL-V) characterized by intracytoplasmic fine vacuoles, and CL hypertrophy, eosinophilic type (CL-E) characterized by eosinophilic and abundant cytoplasm. The proportions of CL-V and CL-E were different among the treatments. BRC-treated old CL showed lower proportion of endothelial cells and fibroblasts than normal old CL. Ultrastructural observation revealed that the luteal cells of CL-V contained abundant lipid droplets, whereas those of CL-E in EGME and EGME + BRC groups showed uniformly well-developed smooth endoplasmic reticulum. No clear ultrastructural difference was observed between the control CL and atrazine-treated CL-E. These results indicate that EGME, atrazine, and BRC have differential luteal morphological effects. © 2012 by The Author(s). Source

Discover hidden collaborations