Laboratory of Vascular Pathology

Madrid, Spain

Laboratory of Vascular Pathology

Madrid, Spain
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Carda R.,IIS Fundacion Jimenez Diaz | Acena A.,IIS Fundacion Jimenez Diaz | Pello A.,IIS Fundacion Jimenez Diaz | Cristobal C.,Hospital Of Fuenlabrada | And 17 more authors.
Cardiology (Switzerland) | Year: 2015

Objectives: To study the prognostic value of high-sensitive troponin (hs-cTn) I in stable coronary artery disease. Methods: In total, we studied 705 patients. Secondary outcomes were the incidence of: (1) acute ischemic events and (2) heart failure or death. The primary outcome was the composite of them. Results: Patients with hs-cTnI >0 ng/ml (62.1%) were older, had a lower estimated glomerular filtration rate, more frequent a history of hypertension, atrial fibrillation, ejection fraction <40%, and therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, diuretics and acenocumarol. The follow-up period was 2.2 ± 0.99 years. Fifty-three patients suffered an acute ischemic event, 33 died or suffered heart failure and 78 developed the primary outcome. By univariate Cox's regression analysis, hs-cTnI >0 was associated with a higher risk of developing the primary outcome [relative risk = 2.360 (1.359-4.099); p = 0.001] and heart failure or death [relative risk = 5.932 (1.806-19.482); p < 0.001], but not with acute ischemic events. Statistical significance was lost after controlling for age. By logistic regression analysis, age [relative risk = 1.026 (1.009-1.044); p = 0.003], ejection fraction <40% [relative risk = 4.099 (2.043-8.224); p < 0.001], use of anticoagulants [relative risk = 2.785 (1.049-7.395); p = 0.040] and therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors [relative risk = 1.471 (1.064-2.034); p = 0.020], and estimated glomerular filtration rate [relative risk = 0.988 (0.977-0.999); p = 0.027] were associated with hs-cTnI >0. Conclusions: In stable coronary disease, hs-cTnI is associated with the incidence of heart failure or death, but this relationship depends on other variables. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Tunon J.,IIS Fundacion Jimenez Diaz | Tunon J.,Autonomous University of Madrid | Tunon J.,Laboratory of Vascular Pathology | Higueras J.,Hospital Clinico Universitario San Carlos | And 21 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Objective: Several papers have reported elevated plasma levels of natriuretic peptides in patients with a previous diagnosis of cancer. We have explored whether N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) plasma levels predict a future diagnosis of cancer in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: We studied 699 patients with CAD free of cancer. At baseline, NT-proBNP, galectin-3, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I plasma levels were assessed. The primary outcome was new cancer diagnosis. The secondary outcome was cancer diagnosis, heart failure requiring hospitalization, or death. Results: After 2.15±0.98 years of follow-up, 24 patients developed cancer. They were older (68.5 [61.5, 75.8] vs 60.0 [52.0, 72.0] years; p=0.011), had higher NT-proBNP (302.0 [134.8, 919.8] vs 165.5 [87.4, 407.5] pg/ml; p=0.040) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (3.27 [1.33, 5.94] vs 1.92 [0.83, 4.00] mg/L; p=0.030), and lower triglyceride (92.5 [70.5, 132.8] vs 112.0 [82.0, 157.0] mg/dl; p=0.044) plasma levels than those without cancer. NT-proBNP (Hazard Ratio [HR]=1.030; 95% Confidence Interval [CI]=1.008-1.053; p=0.007) and triglyceride levels (HR=0.987; 95%CI=0.975-0.998; p=0.024) were independent predictors of a new cancer diagnosis (multivariate Cox regression analysis). When patients in whom the suspicion of cancer appeared in the first one-hundred days after blood extraction were excluded, NT-proBNP was the only predictor of cancer (HR=1.061; 95% CI=1.034-1.088; p<0.001). NT-proBNP was an independent predictor of cancer, heart failure, or death (HR=1.038; 95%CI=1.023-1.052; p<0.001) along with age, and use of insulin and acenocumarol. Conclusions: NT-proBNP is an independent predictor of malignancies in patients with CAD. New studies in large populations are needed to confirm these findings. © 2015 Tuñón et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Pello A.M.,IIS Fundacion Jimenez Diaz | Cristobal C.,Hospital Of Fuenlabrada | Cristobal C.,Rey Juan Carlos University | Tarin N.,Hospital Universitario Of Mostoles | And 21 more authors.
Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2015

Background: Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) without classical cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs) are uncommon, and their profile has not been thoroughly studied. In CHD patients, we have assessed the differences in several biomarkers between those with and without CRF. Methods: We studied 704 patients with CHD, analyzing plasma levels of biomarkers related to inflammation, thrombosis, renal damage, and heart failure: high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), galectin-3, N-terminal fragment of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP), calcidiol (vitamin D metabolite), fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23), parathormone, and phosphate. Results: Twenty patients (2.8%) exhibited no CRFs. Clinical variables were well balanced in both groups, with the logical exceptions of no use of antidiabetic drugs, lower triglyceride and glucose, and higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in no-CRF patients.No-CRF patients showed lower hs-CRP (2.574. ± 3.120 vs. 4.554 ± 9.786 mg/L; p = 0.018), MCP-1 (114.75 ± 36.29 vs. 143.56 ± 65.37 pg/ml; p = 0.003), and FGF-23 (79.28 ± 40.22 vs. 105.17 ± 156.61 RU/ml; p = 0.024), and higher calcidiol (23.66 ± 9.12 vs. 19.49 ± 8.18 ng/ml; p = 0.025) levels. At follow-up, 10.0% vs. 11.0% patients experienced acute ischemic event, heart failure, or death in the non-CRF and CRF groups, respectively (p = 0.815, log-rank test). The limited number of non-CRF patients may have influenced this finding. A Cox regression analysis in the whole population showed that high calcidiol, and low MCP-1 and FGF-23 plasma levels are associated with a better prognosis. Conclusions: CHD patients without CRFs show a favorable biomarker profile in terms of inflammation and mineral metabolism. Further studies are needed to investigate whether this difference translates into a better prognosis. © 2014 Japanese College of Cardiology.


Tunon J.,IIS Fundacion Jimenez Diaz | Tunon J.,Laboratory of Vascular Pathology | Tunon J.,Autonomous University of Madrid | Cristobal C.,Hospital Of Fuenlabrada | And 19 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Objective: Vitamin D and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) are related with cardiovascular disorders. We have investigated the relationship of calcidiol (vitamin D metabolite) and FGF-23 plasma levels with the incidence of adverse outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: Prospective follow-up study of 704 outpatients, attending the departments of Cardiology of four hospitals in Spain, 6-12 months after an acute coronary event. Baseline calcidiol, FGF-23, parathormone, and phosphate plasma levels were assessed. The outcome was the development of acute ischemic events (any acute coronary syndrome, stroke, or transient ischemic attack), heart failure, or death. Cox regression adjusted for the main confounders was performed. Results: Calcidiol levels showed a moderate-severe decrease in 57.3% of cases. Parathormone, FGF-23, and phosphate levels were increased in 30.0%, 11.5% and 0.9% of patients, respectively. Only 22.4% of patients had glomerular filtration rate< 60 ml/min1.73 m2. After a mean follow-up was 2.15±0.99 years, 77 patients developed the outcome. Calcidiol (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.67; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.48-0.94; p = 0.021) and FGF-23 (HR = 1.13; 95% CI = 1.04-1.23; p = 0.005) plasma levels predicted independently the outcome. There was a significant interaction between calcidiol and FGF-23 levels (p = 0.025). When the population was divided according to FGF-23 levels, calcidiol still predicted the outcome independently in patients with FGF-23 levels higher than the median (HR = 0.50; 95% CI = 0.31-0.80; p = 0.003) but not in those with FGF-23 levels below this value (HR = 1.03; 95% CI = 0.62-1.71; p = 0.904). Conclusions: Abnormalities in mineral metabolism are frequent in patients with stable coronary artery disease. In this population, low calcidiol plasma levels predict an adverse prognosis in the presence of high FGF-23 levels. © 2014 Tuñón et al.


PubMed | Laboratory of Vascular Pathology, Rey Juan Carlos University, Hospital Universitario Fundacion Alcorcon, Hospital Clinico Universitario San Carlos and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

Several papers have reported elevated plasma levels of natriuretic peptides in patients with a previous diagnosis of cancer. We have explored whether N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) plasma levels predict a future diagnosis of cancer in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).We studied 699 patients with CAD free of cancer. At baseline, NT-proBNP, galectin-3, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, soluble tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I plasma levels were assessed. The primary outcome was new cancer diagnosis. The secondary outcome was cancer diagnosis, heart failure requiring hospitalization, or death.After 2.150.98 years of follow-up, 24 patients developed cancer. They were older (68.5 [61.5, 75.8] vs 60.0 [52.0, 72.0] years; p=0.011), had higher NT-proBNP (302.0 [134.8, 919.8] vs 165.5 [87.4, 407.5] pg/ml; p=0.040) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (3.27 [1.33, 5.94] vs 1.92 [0.83, 4.00] mg/L; p=0.030), and lower triglyceride (92.5 [70.5, 132.8] vs 112.0 [82.0, 157.0] mg/dl; p=0.044) plasma levels than those without cancer. NT-proBNP (Hazard Ratio [HR]=1.030; 95% Confidence Interval [CI]=1.008-1.053; p=0.007) and triglyceride levels (HR=0.987; 95%CI=0.975-0.998; p=0.024) were independent predictors of a new cancer diagnosis (multivariate Cox regression analysis). When patients in whom the suspicion of cancer appeared in the first one-hundred days after blood extraction were excluded, NT-proBNP was the only predictor of cancer (HR=1.061; 95%CI=1.034-1.088; p<0.001). NT-proBNP was an independent predictor of cancer, heart failure, or death (HR=1.038; 95%CI=1.023-1.052; p<0.001) along with age, and use of insulin and acenocumarol.NT-proBNP is an independent predictor of malignancies in patients with CAD. New studies in large populations are needed to confirm these findings.


Acena A.,IIS Fundacion Jimenez Diaz UAM | Pello A.M.,IIS Fundacion Jimenez Diaz UAM | Carda R.,IIS Fundacion Jimenez Diaz UAM | Lorenzo O.,Laboratory of Vascular Pathology | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging | Year: 2015

Background: Abnormalities of mineral metabolism and inflammation may affect the cardiovascular system. We have assessed the relationship of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) with inflammation and mineral metabolism. Methods: LVH was measured in 146 outpatients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) using echocardiography. Calcidiol (a vitamin D metabolite), parathyroid hormone (PTH), fibroblast growth factor-23, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, MCP-1 (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1), galectin-3, NGAL (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin), and sTWEAK (soluble TNF-related weak inducer of apoptosis) plasma levels were studied. Results: LVH, defined as septal thickness ≥11 mm, was present in 19.9% of cases. These patients were older [75.0 (61.0-81.0) vs 64.0 (51.0-76.0) years; p=0.002], had higher prevalence of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)>40%, and had higher PTH [84.7 (59.6-104.7) vs 63.2 (49.2-85.2) pg/ml; p=0.007], galectin-3 [9.6 (8.0-11.1) vs 8.3 (6.9-9.9) ng/ml; p=0.037], and NGAL (208.5±87.6 vs 173.9±73.4 ng/ml; p=0.031) plasma levels than those without LVH. Glomerular filtration rate was lower in patients with LVH than in those without it (65.1±20.0 vs 74.7±19.9 mL/min/1.73 m2; p=0.021). There were no significant differences in hypertension (79.3 vs 68.4%; p=0.363) or sex between both groups. Variables showing differences based on univariate analysis and hypertension were entered into a logistic regression analysis. Only age [odds ratio (OR) =1.052 (1.011-1.096); p=0.013], PTH plasma levels [OR=1.017 (1.003-1.031); p=0.021], and LVEF>40% [OR=7.595 (1.463-39.429); p=0.016] were independent predictors of LVH. Conclusions: In patients with SCAD, elevated PTH levels are independently associated with the presence of LVH. Further studies are needed to elucidate the role of PTH in the development of myocardial hypertrophy. © 2015 Serdi and Springer-Verlag France


PubMed | Laboratory of Vascular Pathology
Type: | Journal: Methods in molecular medicine | Year: 2011

The formation of new blood vessels from existing blood vessels has been referred to as angiogenesis to distinguish the process from de novo embryonic vessel formation or vasculogenesis (1). This chapter will describe an in vivo assay to measure angiogenesis. There are several important reasons to study and measure angiogenesis in vascular disease. First, it is necessary to try to understand proliferative angiogenesis as it occurs in tumors and in diabetic complications and devise strategies to inhibit it. Second, there is intense interest in improving angiogenesis after ischemia or in chronic wounds (2). Third, many potential modulators of angiogenesis need to be evaluated to determine their effects on blood vessel development.

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