Laboratory of Tumor Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics

Szeged, Hungary

Laboratory of Tumor Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics

Szeged, Hungary
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Kovacs-Solyom F.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Blasko A.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Fajka-Boja R.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | Katona R.L.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences | And 8 more authors.
Immunology Letters | Year: 2010

Galectin-1 (Gal-1) has been implicated in tumor progression partly via the induction of T-cell apoptosis. However the mechanism of Gal-1 induced T-cell death was mostly studied using recombinant, soluble Gal-1 producing controversial results. To explore the true mechanism of Gal-1 and hence tumor cell-induced T-cell death, we applied co-cultures of tumor cells and T-cells thus avoiding artificial circumstances generated using recombinant protein. T-cells died when co-cultured with Gal-1-expressing but survived with Gal-1 non-expressing tumor cells. Removing tumor cell surface Gal-1 or knocking down Gal-1 expression resulted in diminution of T-cell apoptosis. Gal-1 transgenic or soluble Gal-1 treated HeLa cells became cytotoxic. Stimulation of apoptosis required interaction between the tumor and T-cells, presence of p56lck and ZAP70, decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential and caspase activation. Hence tumor cell-derived Gal-1 might efficiently contribute to tumor self-defense. Moreover this system resolves the discrepancies obtained using recombinant Gal-1 in T-cell apoptosis studies. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Mehes G.,Debrecen University | Tzankov A.,University of Basel | Hebeda K.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Anagnostopoulos I.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | And 2 more authors.
Histopathology | Year: 2015

Aims: Myelofibrosis is the result of aberrant stromal activity which is determined routinely by reticulin staining in bone marrow biopsies. As matrix fibres are the product of activated fibroblasts, we analysed fibre accumulation compared to stromal cell activity during myelofibrosis progression using the fibroblast activation marker platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFRβ) by immunohistochemistry. Methods and results: Initial and follow-up bone marrow biopsies from 84 patients with myeloproliferative neoplasia, including 55 cases with primary myelofibrosis, were evaluated from five haematopathology centres. The stromal mass was measured by conventional reticulin staining [myelofibrosis (MF) grade, 0-3] and PDGFRβ-positive cells using a novel PDGFRβ scoring system (0-3). Results were correlated for prediction of progression. The MF grade and the PDGFRβ score showed excellent correlation (Spearman's r = 0.83, P < 0.0001). Elevated PDGFRβ scores (higher than MF-grade) predicted myelofibrosis progression in total with 43% sensitivity and 57% specificity, and short-term (within 1 year) progression with 82% sensitivity and 53% specificity. Progression of prefibrotic disease to manifest myelofibrosis could be forecast with 90% sensitivity and 75% specificity. Conclusion: PDGFRβ highlights stromal cell activation in marrow fibrosis, which is closely related to matrix accumulation, indicating a direct clinical impact especially in prefibrotic myeloproliferative disorders. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


PubMed | University of Basel, Laboratory of Tumor Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics, Charité - Medical University of Berlin, Radboud University Nijmegen and Debrecen University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Histopathology | Year: 2015

Myelofibrosis is the result of aberrant stromal activity which is determined routinely by reticulin staining in bone marrow biopsies. As matrix fibres are the product of activated fibroblasts, we analysed fibre accumulation compared to stromal cell activity during myelofibrosis progression using the fibroblast activation marker platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) by immunohistochemistry.Initial and follow-up bone marrow biopsies from 84 patients with myeloproliferative neoplasia, including 55 cases with primary myelofibrosis, were evaluated from five haematopathology centres. The stromal mass was measured by conventional reticulin staining [myelofibrosis (MF) grade, 0-3] and PDGFR-positive cells using a novel PDGFR scoring system (0-3). Results were correlated for prediction of progression. The MF grade and the PDGFR score showed excellent correlation (Spearmans r = 0.83, P < 0.0001). Elevated PDGFR scores (higher than MF-grade) predicted myelofibrosis progression in total with 43% sensitivity and 57% specificity, and short-term (within 1 year) progression with 82% sensitivity and 53% specificity. Progression of prefibrotic disease to manifest myelofibrosis could be forecast with 90% sensitivity and 75% specificity.PDGFR highlights stromal cell activation in marrow fibrosis, which is closely related to matrix accumulation, indicating a direct clinical impact especially in prefibrotic myeloproliferative disorders.


Krenacs D.,Laboratory of Tumor Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics | Krenacs D.,University of Szeged | Borbenyi Z.,University of Szeged | Bedekovics J.,Debrecen University | And 3 more authors.
Virchows Archiv | Year: 2015

Myocyte enhancer binding factor 2 B (MEF2B) is a member of the evolutionary conserved transcription family MEF2. MEF2B has been shown to directly control biological activity of the B cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6) gene in germinal center (GC) B cells. To validate MEF2B as an immunohistochemical marker, we studied a large consecutive series of hyperplastic lymphoid tissues (n = 38) and malignant lymphoproliferative conditions (n = 471), including all major categories of B and T cell neoplasms. In hyperplastic lymphoid tissues, MEF2B staining revealed intense and crisp nuclear expression confined to GC B cells. Unlike BCL6, MEF2B was not detected in follicular T cells. In addition, weak nuclear staining of plasma cells was noted. MEF2B staining labeled neoplastic cells of follicular lymphoma both in common and variant cases as well as in bone marrow biopsies with high sensitivity, while it was almost consistently negative in marginal zone lymphoma. Consistent MEF2B expression was found in Burkitt lymphoma and nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma as well as in the large majority of cases of mantle cell lymphoma and diffuse large cell B cell lymphoma. MEF2B protein expression showed a statistically significant association with that of BCL6 in cases of diffuse large B cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified. We conclude that MEF2B is a valuable marker of normal GC B cells, potentially useful in differential diagnosis of small B cell lymphomas. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Krenacs L.,Laboratory of Tumor Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics | Toth-Liptak J.,Laboratory of Tumor Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics | Demeter J.,Semmelweis University | Piukovics K.,University of Szeged | And 4 more authors.
Virchows Archiv | Year: 2013

The Hector Battifora mesothelial epitope-1 (HBME-1) monoclonal antibody has been generated against human mesothelioma cells and recognizes a biochemically unknown membrane epitope. We have accidentally found that the HBME-1 reacts with scattered lymphocytes showing villous surface in hyperplastic lymphoid tissue. To evaluate its reactivity pattern, we have performed a consecutive immunohistochemical study in nonneoplastic bone marrow and lymphoid samples (n = 40), as well as in malignant lymphoproliferations (n = 427), including hairy cell leukemia (HCL) (n = 72), HCL variant (HCL-v) (n = 13), splenic diffuse red pulp small B cell lymphoma (SDRPL) (n = 8), splenic B cell marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) (n = 59), and splenic B cell lymphoma/leukemia, not further classifiable on bone marrow morphology (SBCL) (n = 37) cases. The staining pattern of HBME-1 was compared to DBA.44. HBME-1+ villous lymphocytes were constantly detected in low number in nonneoplastic lymphoid tissues. With multicolor immunofluorescence staining, HBME-1+ lymphocytes showed a CD20+/CD79a+/IgM+ B cell phenotype. In B cell lymphoproliferations of villous lymphocytes, HBME-1 reactivity was demonstrated in 96 % of HCL, 39 % of HCL-v, 50 % of SDRPL, 12 % of SMZL, and 19 % of SBCL cases. Nodal and extranodal marginal zone lymphoma cases were positive in 12 % of the cases. A small minority (4 %) of the other B cell lymphomas and no T cell lymphoma revealed tumor cell reactivity with HBME-1. In conclusion, our study has established that HBME-1 reacts with a minor subset of B lymphocytes and a small proportion of B cell lymphomas, which has not been described previously. We suggest that HBME-1 can be a useful marker in the diagnosis of HCL and other indolent lymphoproliferations of villous B lymphocytes. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Krenacs D.,Laboratory of Tumor Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics | Krenacs D.,University of Szeged | Bakos A.,Laboratory of Tumor Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics | Bakos A.,University of Szeged | And 4 more authors.
Acta Dermato-Venereologica | Year: 2016

Primary cutaneous CD4+ small/medium T-cell lymphoma (PCSM-TCL), a provisional peripheral T-cell lymphoma entity of the WHO-EORTC classification, is defined by the predominance of small-to-medium-sized CD4+ pleomorphic T cells without the features of mycosis fungoides (1–4), and is characterized by a non-epidermotropic polymorphic infiltrate presenting clusters of follicular T-helper (TFH) cell marker-positive atypical T cells (5–7). We report here that cluster-forming PD-1+ mediumto- large-sized T cells are the neoplastic cells of PCSMTCL; furthermore, these cells demonstrate cerebriform nuclei and lack the expression of TFH-cell defining C-X-C chemokine receptor CXCR5. © 2016 The Authors.


Toth-Liptak J.,Laboratory of Tumor Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics | Piukovics K.,University of Szeged | Borbenyi Z.,University of Szeged | Demeter J.,Semmelweis University | And 2 more authors.
Pathology and Oncology Research | Year: 2015

Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is an uncommon B cell lymphoproliferation characterized by a unique immunophenotype. Due to low number of circulating neoplastic cells and ‘dry tap’ aspiration, the diagnosis is often based on BM trephine biopsy. We have performed a consecutive immunohistochemical analysis to evaluate diagnostic usefulness of various HCL markers (CD11c, CD25, CD68, CD103, CD123, CD200, annexin A1, cyclin D1, DBA.44, HBME-1, phospho-ERK1/2, TRAP, and T-bet) currently available against fixation resistant epitopes. We analyzed tissue microarrays consisting of samples gained from 73 small B-cell lymphoma cases, including hairy cell leukemia (HCL) (n = 32), HCL variant (HCL-v) (n = 4), B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) (n = 11), lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) (n = 3), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) (n = 10), splenic diffuse red pulp small B cell lymphoma (SDRPL) (n = 2), splenic B cell marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) (n = 8), and splenic B cell lymphoma/leukemia, unclassifiable (SBCL) (n = 3) cases. The HCL cases were 100 % positive for all but 2 (DBA.44 and CD123) of these markers. Annexin A1 showed 100 % specificity and accuracy, which was followed by CD123, pERK, CD103, HBME-1, CD11c, CD25, CD68, cyclin D1, CD200, T-bet, DBA.44, and TRAP, in decreasing order. In conclusion, our results reassured the high specificity of annexin A1 and pERK, as well as the diagnostic value of standard HCL markers of CD11c, CD25, CD103, and CD123 also in paraffin-embedded BM samples. Additional markers, including HBME-1, cyclin D1, CD200, and T-bet also represent valuable tools in the differential diagnosis of HCL and its mimics. © 2014, Arányi Lajos Foundation.


Zuern C.,University of Würzburg | Zuern C.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg | Krenacs L.,Laboratory of Tumor Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics | Starke S.,University of Würzburg | And 8 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2012

The microtubule associated tumor suppressor gene 1 (MTUS1) is a recently published tumor suppressor gene, which has also been shown to act as an early component in the growth inhibitory signaling cascade of the angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2R). In this study we report the generation of MTUS1 knock-out (KO) mice, which develop normally but reveal higher body weights and slightly decreased blood pressure levels. Twenty-eight percent of the studied MTUS1 KO mice also developed heart hypertrophy and 12% developed nephritis, independent of blood pressure levels. Forty-three percent of the MTUS1 KO mice revealed lymphoid hyperplasia affecting spleen (20%), kidney (37%), lung (23%), lymph nodes (17%), and liver (17%) accompanied with leukocytosis, lymphocytosis, and mild anemia. One animal (3%) developed a marginal zone B-cell lymphoma affecting submandibular salivary gland and regional lymph nodes. The symptoms of all mentioned animals are consistent with a B-cell lymphoproliferative disease with features of systemic lupus erythematosus. In addition, body weight of the MTUS1 KO mice was significantly increased and isolated skin fibroblasts showed increased cell proliferation and decreased cell size, compared to wild-type (WT) fibroblasts in response to depleted FCS concentration and lack of growth factors. In conclusion we herein report the first generation of a MTUS1 KO mouse, developing spontaneous heart hypertrophy and increased cell proliferation, confirming once more the anti-proliferative effect of MTUS1, and a SLE-like lymphoproliferative disease suggesting crucial role in regulation of inflammation. These MTUS1 KO mice can therefore serve as a model for further investigations in cardiovascular disease, autoimmune disease and carcinogenesis.


PubMed | Laboratory of Tumor Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology | Year: 2013

The Hector Battifora mesothelial epitope-1 (HBME-1) monoclonal antibody has been generated against human mesothelioma cells and recognizes a biochemically unknown membrane epitope. We have accidentally found that the HBME-1 reacts with scattered lymphocytes showing villous surface in hyperplastic lymphoid tissue. To evaluate its reactivity pattern, we have performed a consecutive immunohistochemical study in nonneoplastic bone marrow and lymphoid samples (n = 40), as well as in malignant lymphoproliferations (n = 427), including hairy cell leukemia (HCL) (n = 72), HCL variant (HCL-v) (n = 13), splenic diffuse red pulp small B cell lymphoma (SDRPL) (n = 8), splenic B cell marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) (n = 59), and splenic B cell lymphoma/leukemia, not further classifiable on bone marrow morphology (SBCL) (n = 37) cases. The staining pattern of HBME-1 was compared to DBA.44. HBME-1(+) villous lymphocytes were constantly detected in low number in nonneoplastic lymphoid tissues. With multicolor immunofluorescence staining, HBME-1(+) lymphocytes showed a CD20(+)/CD79a(+)/IgM(+) B cell phenotype. In B cell lymphoproliferations of villous lymphocytes, HBME-1 reactivity was demonstrated in 96 % of HCL, 39 % of HCL-v, 50 % of SDRPL, 12 % of SMZL, and 19 % of SBCL cases. Nodal and extranodal marginal zone lymphoma cases were positive in 12 % of the cases. A small minority (4 %) of the other B cell lymphomas and no T cell lymphoma revealed tumor cell reactivity with HBME-1. In conclusion, our study has established that HBME-1 reacts with a minor subset of B lymphocytes and a small proportion of B cell lymphomas, which has not been described previously. We suggest that HBME-1 can be a useful marker in the diagnosis of HCL and other indolent lymphoproliferations of villous B lymphocytes.


PubMed | Laboratory of Tumor Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology | Year: 2015

Myocyte enhancer binding factor 2 B (MEF2B) is a member of the evolutionary conserved transcription family MEF2. MEF2B has been shown to directly control biological activity of the B cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6) gene in germinal center (GC) B cells. To validate MEF2B as an immunohistochemical marker, we studied a large consecutive series of hyperplastic lymphoid tissues (n = 38) and malignant lymphoproliferative conditions (n = 471), including all major categories of B and T cell neoplasms. In hyperplastic lymphoid tissues, MEF2B staining revealed intense and crisp nuclear expression confined to GC B cells. Unlike BCL6, MEF2B was not detected in follicular T cells. In addition, weak nuclear staining of plasma cells was noted. MEF2B staining labeled neoplastic cells of follicular lymphoma both in common and variant cases as well as in bone marrow biopsies with high sensitivity, while it was almost consistently negative in marginal zone lymphoma. Consistent MEF2B expression was found in Burkitt lymphoma and nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma as well as in the large majority of cases of mantle cell lymphoma and diffuse large cell B cell lymphoma. MEF2B protein expression showed a statistically significant association with that of BCL6 in cases of diffuse large B cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified. We conclude that MEF2B is a valuable marker of normal GC B cells, potentially useful in differential diagnosis of small B cell lymphomas.

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