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Macaluso F.,Stellenbosch University | Macaluso F.,University of Palermo | di Felice V.,University of Palermo | Boscaino G.,University of Palermo | And 4 more authors.
Science and Sports | Year: 2011

Aims: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of three different water temperatures on physiological responses (dehydration, sweat rate, urine output, rectal temperature and plasma electrolytes) of competitive athletes during a "simulated" race of 5. km in an indoor swimming pool. Methods: Nine male competitive master swimmers swam 5. km with the water at temperatures of 23, 27 and 32 °C. Immediately before (Pre) and after (Post) each trial, samples of blood and urine were collected, body weight was recorded and rectal temperature was measured. The dehydration percentage and sweat rate were the highest at 32 °C and the lowest at 23 °C (23 °C: -0.9 ± 0.5; 27 °C: -1.3 ± 0.6; 32 °C: -2.2 ± 0.7% and 23 °C: 0.48 ± 0.28; 27 °C: 0.76 ± 0.36; 32 °C: 1.25 ± 0.37 l/h). The Post urine volume output was not significantly different in the three trials (23 °C: 122.6 ± 62.4; 27 °C: 78.2 ± 24.9; 32 °C 81.4 ± 37.0. mL). The 27 and 32 °C water increased the rectal temperature (Pre: 37.0 ± 0.3; Post: 37.9 ± 0.5 °C-Pre: 36.9 ± 0.4; Post: 38.0 ± 0.4 °C, respectively). Results: This study shows that dehydration, sweat rate and body temperatures simultaneously increase with the rise of water temperature during the shortest open water swimming event distance (5. km) performed at race intensity. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS.


MacAluso F.,Stellenbosch University | MacAluso F.,University of Palermo | Morici G.,University of Palermo | Catanese P.,University of Palermo | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research | Year: 2012

The purposes of the present study were to investigate the effect of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation on testosterone levels in vitro on a cell line derived from Leydig cells (R2C) and in vivo in the blood of physically active subjects before and after a resistance exercise bout. In vitro R2C cells were treated with different CLA concentrations (0-30 μM) for 24 and 48 hours. After treatment, supernatant media were tested to determine testosterone secretion. The CLA increased the testosterone secretion only after 48 hours. In vivo, 10 resistance-trained male subjects, in a double-blind placebo-controlled and crossover study design were randomized for 3 weeks of either ± g d-1 CLA or placebo. Blood was drawn pre and post each resistance exercise bout to determine the total testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels. No significant differences were observed for total testosterone or SHBG pre and post each resistance exercise bout; although after the resistance exercise bouts, total testosterone increased moderately (effect size = moderate), whereas after CLA supplementation, there was a large increase in total testosterone (effect size = large). CLA supplementation induced an increase in testosterone levels in Leydig cells in vitro after 48 hours but not in vivo before and after a resistance exercise bout. These findings suggest that CLA supplementation may promote testosterone synthesis through a molecular pathway that should be investigated in the future, although this effect did not have an anabolic relevance in our in vivo model. © 2012 National Strength and Conditioning Association.


Diquattro M.,Laboratory of Clinical Pathology | De Francisci G.,Laboratory of Transfusion Medicine | Bonaccorso R.,Laboratory of Transfusion Medicine | Tagliavia A.M.,Laboratory of Clinical Pathology | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Laboratory Hematology | Year: 2013

Introduction: Pathogen Inactivation allows to overcome microbial contamination and growth related to storage of platelets concentrates (PC) at room temperature. The aim of our study was to evaluate the platelet storage lesion extending the storage period of pathogen inactivated platelet concentrates over 7 days using an automated cytometry assay panel. Methods: We analyzed 43 concentrates subjected to pathogen inactivation (CPPI) at 3, 5 and 7 days evaluating: platelet count, mean platelet volume, platelets at low optical density, platelets at high density, GPIIb-IIIa glycoprotein, platelet microparticles, lactate dehydrogenase. The collection bags (Fenwal) and the IBS kit made in PL2410/PL2411 are approved for the conservation of PC up to 7 days. Data analysis was performed with anova test. Results: All the parameters except small platelets and PMP were statistically different among day 7 vs. 3 and day 7 vs. 5. Conclusions: Our study showed a progressive modification of pathogen inactivated platelet concentrates observed up to 7 days. The persistence of the secretory pool and the presence of the platelet membrane fibrinogen receptor suggest the persistence of a potential hemostatic efficacy. Clinical studies are necessary to directly correlate this type of analysis to 24 h recovery or survival of transfused platelets in humans. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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