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He S.,Laboratory of Tissue Engineering | He S.,Chongqing Medical University | Shen L.,Laboratory of Tissue Engineering | Shen L.,Qiqihar Medical University | And 7 more authors.
Tissue Engineering - Part A | Year: 2015

Great challenges in transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for treating ischemic diabetic ulcers (IDUs) are to find a suitable carrier and create a beneficial microenvironment. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of neurotrophin family, is considered angiogenic and neuroprotective. Given that IDUs are caused by vascular disease and peripheral neuropathy, we used BDNF as a stimulant, and intended to explore the role of new biomaterials complex with MSCs in wound healing. BDNF promoted the proliferation and migration of MSCs using MTT, transwell, and cell scratch assays. The activity of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was also enhanced by the MSC-conditioned medium in the presence of BDNF, via a vascular endothelial growth factor-independent pathway. Since proliferated HUVECs in the BDNF group made the microenvironment more conducive to endothelial differentiation of MSCs, by establishing co-culture systems with the two cell types, endothelial cells derived from MSCs increased significantly. A new biomaterial made of polylactic acid, silk and collagen was used as the carrier dressing. After transplantation of the BDNF-stimulated MSC/biomaterial complex, the ulcers in hindlimb ischemic mice healed prominently. More blood vessel formation was observed in the wound tissue, and more MSCs were co-stained with some endothelial-specific markers such as cluster of differentiation (CD)31 and von Willebrand Factor (vWF) in the treatment group than in the control group. These results demonstrated that BDNF could improve microenvironment in the new biomaterial, and induce MSCs to differentiate into endothelial cells indirectly, thus accelerating ischemic ulcer healing. © 2015, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source


Xing J.,National and Local United Engineering Laboratory of Tissue Engineering | Xing J.,Third Military Medical University | Xing J.,Laboratory of Tissue Engineering | Hou T.,National and Local United Engineering Laboratory of Tissue Engineering | And 20 more authors.
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2014

Background/Aims: Human bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) are widely transplanted into inflammatory microenvironment to accelerate tissue regeneration. Transplanted hBMSCs recruit host hBMSCs through a poorly understood mechanism. This study was aimed to determine whether and how inflammatory microenvironment influenced the host-hBMSCs-recruiting capability of transplanted hBMSCs. Methods: Pro-inflammatory factors, including IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α, were utilized to mimic inflammatory microenvironment. hBMSCs were cultured and conditioned media (CM) were collected. The effects of inflammatory microenvironment on the host-hBMSCs-recruiting capability of cultured hBMSCs were revealed by transwell migration assays. Employing semi-quantitative and quantitative cytokine antibody assays, we examined the secretory profile of cultured hBMSCs. Results: CM from cultured hBMSCs exerted excellent host-hBMSCs-recruiting capability, which was significantly promoted by exposure to inflammatory microenvironment. Within inflammatory microenvironment, hBMSCs secreted more chemokines related to cell migration. Finally, 21 cytokines were verified as potential factors accounting for the enhanced host-hBMSCs-recruiting capability of cultured hBMSCs exposed to inflammatory microenvironment. Conclusion: These results strongly suggested that in clinic, inflammatory microenvironment might promote the host-hBMSCs- recruiting capacity of transplanted hBMSCs by increasing chemokines secretion. Modulation of such characteristics of hBMSCs might provide novel therapeutic ideas in the context of hBMSCs. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source


Chang Z.,National and Regional United Engineering Laboratory of Tissue Engineering | Chang Z.,Chongqing Medical University | Chang Z.,Laboratory of Tissue Engineering | Hou T.,National and Regional United Engineering Laboratory of Tissue Engineering | And 23 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

To date, various types of cells for seeding regenerative scaffolds have been used for bone tissue engineering. Among seed cells, the mesenchymal stem cells derived from human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly (hUCMSCs) represent a promising candidate and hold potential for bone tissue engineering due to the the lack of ethical controversies, accessibility, sourced by non-invasive procedures for donors, a reduced risk of contamination, osteogenic differentiation capacities, and higher immunomodulatory capacity. However, the current culture methods are somewhat complicated and inefficient and often fail to make the best use of the umbilical cord (UC) tissues. Moreover, these culture processes cannot be performed on a large scale and under strict quality control. As a result, only a small quantity of cells can be harvested using the current culture methods. To solve these problems, we designed and evaluated an UC Wharton's jelly repeated culture device. Using this device, hUCMSCs were obtained from the repeated cultures and their quantities and biological characteristics were compared. We found that using our culture device, which retained all tissue blocks on the bottom of the dish, the total number of obtained cells increased 15-20 times, and the time required for the primary passage was reduced. Moreover, cells harvested from the repeated cultures exhibited no significant difference in their immunophenotype, potential for multilineage differentiation, or proliferative, osteoinductive capacities, and final osteogenesis. The application of the repeated culture frame (RCF) not only made full use of the Wharton's jelly but also simplified and specified the culture process, and thus, the culture efficiency was significantly improved. In summary, abundant hUCMSCs of dependable quality can be acquired using the RCF. © 2014 Chang et al. Source

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