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Llorente-Mirandes T.,University of Barcelona | Calderon J.,Laboratory of the Public Health Agency of Barcelona | Centrich F.,Laboratory of the Public Health Agency of Barcelona | Centrich F.,CIBER ISCIII | And 2 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

The present study arose from the need to determine inorganic arsenic (iAs) at low levels in cereal-based food. Validated methods with a low limit of detection (LOD) are required to analyse these kinds of food. An analytical method for the determination of iAs, methylarsonic acid (MA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) in cereal-based food and infant cereals is reported. The method was optimised and validated to achieve low LODs. Ion chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (IC-ICPMS) was used for arsenic speciation. The main quality parameters were established. To expand the applicability of the method, different cereal products were analysed: bread, biscuits, breakfast cereals, wheat flour, corn snacks, pasta and infant cereals. The total and inorganic arsenic content of 29 cereal-based food samples ranged between 3.7-35.6 and 3.1-26.0 μg As kg-1, respectively. The present method could be considered a valuable tool for assessing inorganic arsenic contents in cereal-based foods. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Vichi S.,University of Barcelona | Cortes-Francisco N.,Laboratory of the Public Health Agency of Barcelona | Caixach J.,CSIC - Institute of Environmental Assessment And Water Research | Barrios G.,Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2016

The epicuticular wax (EW) layer is located on the surface of most plant organs. It provides the cuticle with most of its properties and is the primary barrier against biotic and abiotic stress. Despite the importance of Olea europaea cultivation, few studies have characterized the EW covering leaves and olives, which could be involved in resistance to both infection and environmental conditions. In the present study, wide-ranging screening was carried out using direct-injection electrospray ionization coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry to analyze EW in developing olives of nine varieties. The proportions of EW fractions [wax esters (WEs), diacylglycerols, triacylglycerols (TAGs), triterpenic acids, and aldehydes] strongly depended upon the olive cultivar and, in only a few cases, were influenced by the sampling date. The specific compositions of the major fractions, WEs and TAGs, were strictly related to the cultivar, while the degree of unsaturation and chain length of the WEs evolved throughout the 4 weeks prior to the olive turning color. © 2016 American Chemical Society.


PubMed | IRTA - Institute of Agricultural-Alimentary Research and Technology, University of Barcelona, Laboratory of the Public Health Agency of Barcelona, CSIC - Institute of Environmental Assessment And Water Research and Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of agricultural and food chemistry | Year: 2016

The epicuticular wax (EW) layer is located on the surface of most plant organs. It provides the cuticle with most of its properties and is the primary barrier against biotic and abiotic stress. Despite the importance of Olea europaea cultivation, few studies have characterized the EW covering leaves and olives, which could be involved in resistance to both infection and environmental conditions. In the present study, wide-ranging screening was carried out using direct-injection electrospray ionization coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry to analyze EW in developing olives of nine varieties. The proportions of EW fractions [wax esters (WEs), diacylglycerols, triacylglycerols (TAGs), triterpenic acids, and aldehydes] strongly depended upon the olive cultivar and, in only a few cases, were influenced by the sampling date. The specific compositions of the major fractions, WEs and TAGs, were strictly related to the cultivar, while the degree of unsaturation and chain length of the WEs evolved throughout the 4 weeks prior to the olive turning color.


Llorente-Mirandes T.,University of Barcelona | Calderon J.,Laboratory of the Public Health Agency of Barcelona | Lopez-Sanchez J.F.,University of Barcelona | Centrich F.,Laboratory of the Public Health Agency of Barcelona | Rubio R.,University of Barcelona
Pure and Applied Chemistry | Year: 2012

A full validation of inorganic arsenic (iAs), methylarsonic acid (MA), and dimethyl arsinic acid (DMA) in several types of rice and rice-based infant cereals is reported. The analytical method was developed and validated in two laboratories. The extraction of the As species was performed using nitric acid 0.2 % and hydrogen peroxide 1 %, and the coupled system liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LCICP-MS) was used for speciation measurements. Detection limit (DL), quantification limit, linearity, precision, trueness, accuracy, selectivity, as well as expanded uncertainty for iAs, MA, and DMA were established. The certified reference materials (CRMs) (NMIJ 7503a, NCS ZC73008, NIST SRM 1568a) were used to check the accuracy. The method was shown to be satisfactory in two proficiency tests (PTs). The broad applicability of the method is shown from the results of analysis of 29 samples including several types of rice, rice products, and infant cereal products. Total As ranged from 40.1 to 323.7 μg As kg -1. From the speciation results, iAs was predominant, and DMA was detected in some samples while MA was not detected in any sample. © 2012 IUPAC.

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