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Gonzalez E.J.,University of Vigo | Calvar N.,Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering | Gonzalez B.,University of Vigo | Dominguez A.,University of Vigo
Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics | Year: 2010

In this paper, the separation of toluene from aliphatic hydrocarbons (heptane, or octane, or nonane) was analyzed by solvent extraction with 1-ethyl-3-methylpyridinium ethylsulfate ionic liquid, [EMpy][ESO4]. Liquid-liquid equilibrium (LLE) data for the ternary systems {heptane (1) + toluene (2) + [EMpy][ESO4] (3)}, {octane (1) + toluene (2) + [EMpy][ESO4] (3)}, and {nonane (1) + toluene (2) + [EMpy][ESO4] (3)} were obtained by measurements at T = 298.15 K and atmospheric pressure. The selectivity, % removal of aromatic, and solute distribution ratio, obtained from experimental equilibrium results, were used to determine the ability of [EMpy][ESO4] as a solvent. The degree of consistency of the experimental LLE values was ascertained using the Othmer-Tobias and Hand equations. The experimental results for the ternary systems were correlated with the NRTL model. Finally, the results obtained were compared with other ionic liquids and other solvents. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Gonzalez E.J.,University of Vigo | Calvar N.,Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering | Gonzalez B.,University of Vigo | Dominguez A.,University of Vigo
Fluid Phase Equilibria | Year: 2010

This work reports liquid-liquid equilibrium (LLE) results for the ternary systems {cyclooctane + benzene + 1-ethyl-3-methylpyridinium ethylsulfate}, {cyclooctane + toluene + 1-ethyl-3-methylpyridinium ethylsulfate}, and {cyclooctane + ethylbenzene + 1-ethyl-3-methylpyridinium ethylsulfate} at T = 298.15 K and under atmospheric pressure. The selectivity, percent removal of aromatic, and distribution coefficient ratio, derived from the tie-line data, were calculated to determine if this ionic liquid is a good solvent for the extraction of aromatics from cyclooctane. The phase diagrams for the ternary systems are shown, and the tie-lines correlated with the NRTL model have been compared with the experimental data. The consistency of the experimental LLE data was ascertained using the Othmer-Tobias and Hand equations. No data for mixtures presented here have been found in the literature. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Calvar N.,Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering | Gomez E.,Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering | Dominguez A.,University of Vigo | Macedo E.A.,Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering
Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics | Year: 2010

Osmotic coefficients of binary mixtures containing several primary and secondary alcohols (1-propanol, 2-propanol, 1-butanol, 2-butanol, and 1-pentanol) and the pyridinium-based ionic liquid 1-ethylpyridinium ethylsulfate were determined at T = 323.15 K using the vapour pressure osmometry technique. From the experimental results, vapour pressure and activity coefficients can be determined. For the correlation of osmotic coefficients, the extended Pitzer model modified by Archer, and the modified NRTL (MNRTL) model were used, obtaining deviations lower than 0.017 and 0.047, respectively. The mean molal activity coefficients and the excess Gibbs free energy for the binary mixtures studied were determined from the parameters obtained with the extended Pitzer model modified by Archer. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Gomez E.,Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering | Dominguez I.,University of Vigo | Calvar N.,Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering | Dominguez A.,University of Vigo
Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics | Year: 2010

The (liquid + liquid) equilibrium (LLE) data for ternary mixtures {alkane + benzene + 1-ethylpyridinium ethylsulfate ([EPy][EtSO4])} at T = (283.15 and 298.15) K and atmospheric pressure are presented. The alkanes used were hexane and heptane. The cloud point method was used to determinate the binodal curve, and the tie-line compositions were obtained by density measurements. The LLE data obtained were used to calculate distribution coefficients and selectivity values. The consistency of tie-line data was ascertained by applying the Othmer-Tobias and Hand equations. Correlation of the experimental tie-lines was conducted through the use of NRTL equation, which provides good correlation of the experimental data. The results show that [EPy][EtSO4] can be used as an alternative solvent in liquid extraction processes for the removal of benzene from its mixtures with alkanes. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Gonzalez E.J.,University of Vigo | Calvar N.,Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering | Gomez E.,Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering | Dominguez A.,University of Vigo
Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics | Year: 2010

The ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylpyridinium ethylsulfate, [EMpy][ESO4], was studied for the separation of benzene from aliphatic hydrocarbons (octane or nonane) by solvent extraction through the determination of the (liquid + liquid) equilibrium (LLE) of the ternary systems: {octane (1) + benzene (2) + [EMpy][ESO4] (3)} and {nonane (1) + benzene (2) + [EMpy][ESO4] (3)} at T = (283.15 and 298.15) K and atmospheric pressure. Binodal curves were determined using the "cloud point" method, and tie-line compositions were obtained by density measurements. The values of selectivity and distribution coefficient, derived from the tie-line data, were used to decide if this ionic liquid can be used as potential solvent for the separation of benzene from aliphatic hydrocarbons using liquid extraction. These results were analyzed and compared to those previously reported for the systems {hexane + benzene + [EMpy][ESO4]} and {heptane + benzene + [EMpy][ESO4]}. The experimental results show that this ionic liquid is suitable for the extraction of benzene from mixtures containing octane and nonane. The consistency of tie-line data was ascertained by applying the Othmer-Tobias and Hand equations. The experimental results for the ternary systems were well correlated with the NRTL model. No literature data were found for the mixtures discussed in this paper. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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