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Nascimento Neto A.P.N.,Laboratory of Residues and Contaminants | Magalhaes Costa L.C.S.M.,Laboratory of Residues and Contaminants | Kikuchi A.N.S.,Laboratory of Residues and Contaminants | Furtado D.M.S.,Laboratory of Residues and Contaminants | And 2 more authors.
Food Additives and Contaminants - Part A Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure and Risk Assessment | Year: 2012

A method was validated for the determination of total Hg in fish muscle using continuous flow cold vapour atomic absorption (CVAAS) after microwave digestion in closed vessels. The method was validated according to European Union Regulations 333/2007 and 657/2002, considering the maximum level for the metal in fish, established by European Union regulation 1881/2006. The procedure for determining linear range, selectivity, recovery, precision, trueness, decision limit (CCα), detection capability (CCβ), measurement uncertainty and robustness of the method is reported. The results of the validation process demonstrate the method fulfils the provisions of the Commission Regulation. The selectivity study indicated that there was no matrix effect on the calibration curve between the concentration range of 1.0 and 30.0 μg Hgl-1. The mean recovery calculated at six levels of fortification was in the range of 94-104%. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) values were 4.90 and 15.7 μg kg-1, while the CCα and CCβ values were 0.517 and 0.533 mg kg-1, respectively, for the maximum contaminant level of 0.500 mg kg-1. The relative expanded measurement uncertainty of the method was 0.055 mg kg-1. The method was not affected by slight variations of some critical factors (ruggedness minor changes) as sample mass and volume of the HNO3 and H2O2 used in the digestion step. The method allowed accurate confirmation analyses of the CRM DORM 3®. In fact, the Z-scores attained in a proficiency test round were well below the reference value of 2.0, proving the excellent performance of the laboratory. © 2012 Taylor & Francis. Source


Costa L.C.S.M.,Laboratory of Residues and Contaminants | Neto A.P.N.,Laboratory of Residues and Contaminants | Araujo M.Q.,Laboratory of Residues and Contaminants | Melo M.C.C.,Laboratory of Residues and Contaminants | And 2 more authors.
Food Additives and Contaminants - Part A Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure and Risk Assessment | Year: 2012

The validation of an analytical method was carried out for the determination of cadmium (Cd) in fish. The method was based on sample digestion in a microwave oven and subsequent reading using an atomic absorption spectrometer with a graphite furnace. The factorial design of experiments was applied to assess method ruggedness using the methodology of Box et al. [Box GEP, Hunter WG, Hunter JS. 1978. Statistics for experiments: an introduction to design, data analysis and model building. New York (NY): Wiley], studying the influence of sample mass, volume and concentration of acid used for sample digestion and the volume of modifier used. To study the possible matrix effect in the determination of Cd, the standard addition method was also performed. The results were treated using the OLS method. For the normality test a homoskedastic distribution was observed for the developed method and the results were adjusted to the statistical model proposed. F-tests and Student's t-tests indicated that there was no matrix effect on the calibration curve between the concentration range 1.0-10.0 μg Cd l-1. Parameters such as selectivity, precision, decision limit, detection capability and limit of quantification were established by the method of standard addition to blank samples. The limit of quantification was 6.8 μg kg-1. Accuracy, which was evaluated by using a certified reference material, was 107.0%. The recovery of the spiked analyte was 93.69% for the concentration of 50 μg kg-1. Precision was defined by the coefficient of variation observed (Horrat value), estimated in terms of repeatability and reproducibility, and the values were below the limit, which is 2.0. The validation procedure confirmed the suitability of the method. © 2012 Taylor & Francis. Source

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