Laboratory of Quality and Safety Risk Assessment for Rice Hangzhou

Hangzhou, China

Laboratory of Quality and Safety Risk Assessment for Rice Hangzhou

Hangzhou, China

Time filter

Source Type

Yan Q.,China National Rice Research Institute | Yan Q.,Laboratory of Quality and Safety Risk Assessment for Rice Hangzhou | Yan Q.,Chongqing University | Feng G.,China National Rice Research Institute | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Hazardous Materials | Year: 2016

This study investigated the effects of selected four pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) (carbamazepine, sulfamethoxazole, ofloxacin, and roxithromycin) on the photosynthesis and antioxidant enzymes of Cyperus alternifolius in constructed wetlands (CWs). Moreover, the removal and kinetics of PhACs in CWs were evaluated to explore the related removal mechanisms. Results showed that C. alternifolius can uptake and withstand certain PhACs. The PhAC tolerance of C. alternifolius might be attributed to their capacity to maintain relatively normal photosynthetic activity and elevated antioxidative defense. CWs offered comparable or even higher removal efficiencies for the selected PhACs compared with conventional WWTPs. The removal of the target PhACs was enhanced in the planted CWs versus the unplanted CWs mostly because of plant uptake and rhizosphere effects. In particular, carbamazepine, which is considered the most recalcitrant of the PhACs, was significantly reduced (p< 0.05). The removal of target PhACs fitted into two distinct periods. The initial fast step (within the first 2 h) was essentially attributed to the adsorption onto the CW medium surface. The subsequent slow process (2-12 h) closely followed first-order kinetics probably because of the interaction between microorganisms and plants. The obtained results indicate that C. alternifolius can phytoremediate PhAC-contaminated waters in CWs. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.


Hu X.,China National Rice Research Institute | Hu X.,Laboratory of Quality and Safety Risk Assessment for Rice Hangzhou | Lu L.,China National Rice Research Institute | Lu L.,Laboratory of Quality and Safety Risk Assessment for Rice Hangzhou | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2015

Determination of apparent amylose content in rice is a key function for rice research and the rice industry. In this paper, a novel approach with paper-based microfluidic chip is reported to determine apparent amylose content in rice. The conventional color reaction between amylose and iodine was employed. Blue color of amylose-iodine complex generated on-chip was converted to gray and measured with Photoshop after the colored chip was scanned. The method for preparation of the paper chip is described. In situ generation of iodine for on-chip color reaction was designed, and factors influencing color reaction were investigated in detail. Elimination of yellow color interference of excess iodine by exploiting color removal function of Photoshop was presented. Under the optimized conditions, apparent amylose content in rice ranging from 1.5 to 26.4% can be determined, and precision was 6.3%. The analytical results obtained with the developed approach were in good agreement with those with the continuous flow analyzer method. © 2015 American Chemical Society.


Hu X.,China National Rice Research Institute | Hu X.,Laboratory of Quality and Safety Risk Assessment for Rice Hangzhou | Cao Z.,China National Rice Research Institute | Cao Z.,Laboratory of Quality and Safety Risk Assessment for Rice Hangzhou | And 8 more authors.
Analytical Methods | Year: 2016

Arsenic (As) and selenium (Se) in food have caused public concern. Determination of As and Se in plant food samples encounters mass spectral interferences. The influence of polyatomic and doubly charged ions on the determination was evaluated by monitoring 75As, 77Se, 78Se, 80Se, and 82Se in four modes. The result showed that serious interferences were observed by using "no gas" mode (octopole vented, single quadrupole mode). Most but not all interferences could be removed when using He mode (He used as the collision gas, single quadrupole mode) or H2 mode (H2 used as the reaction gas, MS/MS mode), while O2 mass-shift mode (O2 used as the reaction gas, MS/MS mode) enabled the effective removal of all interferences. In the O2 mass-shift mode configuration, the ions of interest were filtered twice by using the mass-to-charge ratio, enabling the removal of all interfering species. As and Se concentrations could be determined interference-free by using mass-shift mode with O2 as reaction gas. The performance of O2 mass-shift mode was investigated for the determination of As and Se in five plant reference materials. The obtained results were consistent with the certified values, indicating that the O2 mass-shift mode was an effective method to determine As and Se in plant food samples. The detection limits of the method for 75As, 77Se, 78Se, 80Se, and 82Se were 0.5, 0.7, 1.1, 0.3 and 0.6 ng g-1, respectively. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016.

Loading Laboratory of Quality and Safety Risk Assessment for Rice Hangzhou collaborators
Loading Laboratory of Quality and Safety Risk Assessment for Rice Hangzhou collaborators