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Campos dos Goytacazes, Brazil

Win K.T.,Laboratory of Agricultural Ecology | Win K.T.,Laboratory of Plant Breeding | Mochizuki T.,Laboratory of Agricultural Ecology
Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University | Year: 2010

Rice genotypes with improved N-use efficiency are becoming a prerequisite for optimizing grain yield, reducing production cost, and developing environmentally friendly cropping systems. The physiological efficiency of grain (PE-grain) and biomass (PE-biomass), photosynthetic N-use efficiency (PNUE), and in vivo carboxylation efficiency of Rubisco (Pn/Rubisco) under varying N nutrition conditions were investigated in two Myanmar varieties (Bawgyi and Sawbwa), an indica variety (IR24), and a japonica control variety (Nipponbare). Nipponbare and IR24 had significantly higher grain yield and PE-grain at both soil N and standard N supply, Bawgyi exhibited moderately high grain yield and PE-grain, and Sawbwa had a low grain yield and PE-grain at both N levels. Nipponbare and IR24 had significantly higher PE-biomass at all N levels; while Bawgyi had lower PE-biomass than Nipponbare and IR24 at all N levels, its PE-biomass was significantly higher than that of Sawbwa at the low N level. Net photosynthesis (Pn) of Bawgyi was not significantly different from that of Nipponbare and IR24, but was higher than that of Sawbwa, even with no significant difference in leaf N content. Nipponbare, IR24, and Bawgyi showed no significant difference in PNUE, but had significantly higher PNUE than Sawbwa, especially at low and standard N levels. There was no significant difference in Pn/Rubisco among Bawgyi, Nipponbare, and IR24, but Pn/Rubisco was significantly higher in these varieties than in Sawbwa at low and standard N levels. PE-biomass corresponded well to PE-grain and showed significant positive correlations with PNUE and Pn/Rubisco, indicating that rice genotypes with high physiological efficiency have high Pn with low leaf N and low Rubisco content with high Rubisco efficiency. These results suggest that, of the two Myanmar rice varieties, Bawgyi is the more desirable genotype, with considerably higher physiological efficiency and high photosynthetic activity through the highly efficient use of Rubisco.


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Agriculture | Award Amount: | Year: 2007

None


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Agriculture | Award Amount: | Year: 2007

None


Grant
Agency: Narcis | Branch: Project | Program: Completed | Phase: Agriculture | Award Amount: | Year: 2007

None


Sharma S.K.,James Hutton Institute | Bolser D.,University of Dundee | Bolser D.,European Bioinformatics Institute | de Boer J.,Laboratory of Plant Breeding | And 45 more authors.
G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics | Year: 2013

The genome of potato, a major global food crop, was recently sequenced. The work presented here details the integration of the potato reference genome (DM) with a new sequence-tagged site marker2based linkage map and other physical and genetic maps of potato and the closely related species tomato. Primary anchoring of the DM genome assembly was accomplished by the use of a diploid segregating population, which was genotyped with several types of molecular genetic markers to construct a new ~936 cM linkage map comprising 2469 marker loci. In silico anchoring approaches used genetic and physical maps from the diploid potato genotype RH89-039-16 (RH) and tomato. This combined approach has allowed 951 superscaffolds to be ordered into pseudomolecules corresponding to the 12 potato chromosomes. These pseudomolecules represent 674 Mb (~93%) of the 723 Mb genome assembly and 37,482 (~96%) of the 39,031 predicted genes. The superscaffold order and orientation within the pseudomolecules are closely collinear with independently constructed high density linkage maps. Comparisons between marker distribution and physical location reveal regions of greater and lesser recombination, as well as regions exhibiting significant segregation distortion. The work presented here has led to a greatly improved ordering of the potato reference genome superscaffolds into chromosomal "pseudomolecules". © 2013 Sharma et al. doi: 10.1534/g3.113.007153.

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