Teixeira L.D.L.,University of Sao Paulo |
Bertoldi F.C.,Laboratory of Pharmacognosy |
Lajolo F.M.,University of Sao Paulo |
Hassimotto N.M.A.,University of Sao Paulo
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2015
The grumixama (Eugenia brasiliensis Lam.), also known as Brazilian cherry, is a fruit native to Brazil. This study identified the flavonoids in the flesh and seeds and ellagitannin in the flesh of purple and yellow varieties. The physicochemical characteristics and antioxidant capacity of these fruits were also evaluated. Anthocyanins and flavonols were found in high levels in the flesh of purple (32-180 mg 100 g-1 FW) and yellow grumixama (13-41 mg 100 g-1 FW), respectively. The major flavonoids identified were cyanidin 3-glucoside and quercetin aglycone. Furthermore, ellagitannins were found in high levels in the flesh of purple (82-243 mg ellagic acid equiv 100 g-1 FW) and yellow grumixama (92 mg ellagic acid equiv 100 g-1 FW) and seeds (2220-2905 mg ellagic acid equiv 100 g-1 FW). The ellagitannin profiles of both varieties were first characterized in which pedunculagin isomers, strictinin isomers, and ellagic acid galloyl hexoside were the major ellagitannins identified. In summary, both varieties of the grumixama fruit as well as the seeds could be good sources of bioactive compounds, mainly ellagitannins. © 2015 American Chemical Society.
Barbosa L.C.,University of Franca |
De Morais M.D.,University of Franca |
De Paula C.A.,University of Franca |
Da Silva Ferreira M.C.,University of Franca |
And 5 more authors.
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A: Current Issues | Year: 2012
As shown in numerous studies, natural compounds may exert adverse effects, mainly when associated with some drugs. The hydroalcoholic extract of Mikania glomerata is the pharmaceutical form present in commercially available syrup used for the treatment of respiratory diseases in popular Brazilian medicine. The objective of the present investigation was (1) to evaluate the preventive effects of standardized hydroalcoholic extract of M. glomerata (MEx) against antitumoral drug doxorubicin (DXR)-induced micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MNPCE) in a subchronic assay in mice, and (2) to determine the liver content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the antioxidants glutathione (GSH) and vitamin E (VE). Male Swiss mice were treated for 30 d with MEx added to drinking water, combined or not with DXR (90 mg/kg body weight) injected intraperitoneally (ip) 24 h before analysis. The results demonstrated that MEx produced no genotoxic damage, but significantly increased the frequency of MNPCE induced by DXR, indicating a drug-drug interaction. This rise was not accompanied by lipid peroxidation or antioxidants level reduction, as measured by MDA, GSH, and VE. Despite the presence of coumarin (a known antioxidant), MEx may exert adverse effects probably in association with mutagenic compounds, although this effect on DNA damage did not involve oxidative stress. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Bunel V.,Free University of Colombia |
Bunel V.,Laboratory of Pharmacognosy |
Antoine M.-H.,Free University of Colombia |
Nortier J.,Free University of Colombia |
And 3 more authors.
Planta Medica | Year: 2015
This in vitro study aimed to determine the effects of a Panax ginseng extract on aristolochic acid-mediated toxicity in HK-2 cells. A methanolic extract of ginseng (50 μg/mL) was able to reduce cell survival after treatment with 50 μM aristolochic acid for 24, 48, and 72 h, as evidenced by a resazurin reduction assay. This result was confirmed by a flow cytometric evaluation of apoptosis using annexin V-PI staining, and indicated higher apoptosis rates in cells treated with aristolochic acid and P. ginseng extract compared with aristolochic acid alone. However, P. ginseng extract by itself (5 and 50 μg/mL) increased the Ki-67 index, indicating an enhancement in cellular proliferation. Cell cycle analysis excluded a P. ginseng extract-mediated induction of G2/M cell cycle arrest such as the one typically observed with aristolochic acid. Finally, β-catenin acquisition was found to be accelerated when cells were treated with both doses of ginseng, suggesting that the epithelial phenotype of renal proximal tubular epithelial cells was maintained. Also, ginseng treatment (5 and 50 μg/mL) reduced the oxidative stress activity induced by aristolochic acid after 24 and 48 h. These results indicate that the ginseng extract has a protective activity towards the generation of cytotoxic reactive oxygen species induced by aristolochic acid. However, the ginseng-mediated alleviation of oxidative stress did not correlate with a decrease but rather with an increase in aristolochic acid-induced apoptosis and death. This deleterious herb-herb interaction could worsen aristolochic acid tubulotoxicity and reinforce the severity and duration of the injury. Nevertheless, increased cellular proliferation and migration, along with the improvement in the epithelial phenotype maintenance, indicate that ginseng could be useful for improving tubular regeneration and the recovery following drug-induced kidney injury. Such dual activities of ginseng certainly warrant further in vivo studies. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart New York.
Morel-Salmi C.,Laboratory of Pharmacognosy |
Julia A.,Laboratory of Pharmacognosy |
Vigor C.,Max Mousseron Institute of Biomolecules |
Vercauteren J.,Max Mousseron Institute of Biomolecules
Chromatographia | Year: 2014
Repeated chromatographic analyses of polyphenolic vine stalks extracts allowed us to note a huge adsorption difference on polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), between trans-resveratrol 1 and (+)-trans-ε-viniferin 2. We could optimize the conditions (solvent, saturation of the process), for this polymer to adsorb very selectively 2, with regard to the monomer 1 that remains in solution. Since membrane filters made of PVDF are quite often used for HPLC samples filtration, this observation prompted us to inform phytochemists studying plant stilbenoid contents. Based on this background information, we developed a straightforward and inexpensive enrichment process for either 1 and/or 2, from crude Vitis vinifera stalks extracts, allowing to get them in a pure form. Having at hand large amounts of these two pure compounds, they were tested and compared to a set of other relevant molecules for some biological properties: trans-ε-viniferin 2 was shown to be the most powerful tyrosinase inhibitor, among all samples tested. © 2014 The Author(s).