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Porto Alegre, Brazil

Castro M.A.A.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Dal-Pizzol F.,University of the Extreme South of Santa Catarina | Zdanov S.,Therapeutic Proteins | Soares M.,National Cancer Institute | And 7 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the major determinant of overall cancer mortality worldwide. Despite progress in molecular research, current treatments offer limited benefits. Because NSCLC generates early metastasis, and this behavior requires great cell motility, herein the authors assessed the potential value of CFL1 gene (main member of the invasion/metastasis pathway) as a prognostic and predictive NSCLC biomarker. METHODS: Metadata analysis of tumor tissue microarray was applied to examine expression of CFL1 in archival lung cancer samples from 111 patients, and its clinicopathologic significance was investigated. The robustness of the finding was validated using another independent data set. Finally, the authors assayed in vitro the role of CFL1 levels in tumor invasiveness and drug resistance using 6 human NSCLC cell lines with different basal degrees of CFL1 gene expression. RESULTS: CFL1 levels in biopsies discriminate between good and bad prognosis at early tumor stages (IA, IB, and IIA/B), where high CFL1 levels are correlated with lower overall survival rate (P < .0001). Biomarker performance was further analyzed by immunohistochemistry, hazard ratio (P < .001), and receiver-operating characteristic curve (area = 0.787; P < .001). High CFL1 mRNA levels and protein content are positively correlated with cellular invasiveness (determined by Matrigel Invasion Chamber System) and resistance (2-fold increase in drug 50% growth inhibition dose) against a list of 22 alkylating agents. Hierarchical clustering analysis of the CFL1 gene network had the same robustness for stratified NSCLC patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that the CFL1 gene and its functional gene network can be used as prognostic biomarkers for NSCLC and could also guide chemotherapeutic interventions. © 2010 American Cancer Society. Source


Lisboa Da Motta L.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Lisboa Da Motta L.,National Institutes of Science and Technology Translational Medicine INCT TM | Muller C.B.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Muller C.B.,National Institutes of Science and Technology Translational Medicine INCT TM | And 16 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology | Year: 2014

Purpose: The expression levels of human antioxidant genes (HAGs) and oxidative markers were investigated in light of lung adenocarcinoma aggressiveness and patient outcome. Methods: We assayed in vitro the tumoral invasiveness and multidrug resistance in human lung adenocarcinoma (AdC) cell lines (EKVX and A549). Data were associated with several redox parameters and differential expression levels of HAG network. The clinicopathological significance of these findings was investigated using microarray analysis of tumor tissue and by immunohistochemistry in archival collection of biopsies. Results: An overall increased activity (expression) of selected HAG components in the most aggressive cell line (EKVX cells) was observed by bootstrap and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). In vitro validation of oxidative markers revealed that EKVX cells had high levels of oxidative stress markers. In AdC cohorts, GSEA of microarray datasets showed significantly high levels of HAG components in lung AdC samples in comparison with normal tissue, in advanced stage compared with early stage and in patients with poor outcome. Cox multivariate regression analysis in a cohort of early pathologic (p)-stage of AdC cases showed that patients with moderate levels of 4-hydroxynonenal, a specific and stable end product of lipid peroxidation, had a significantly less survival rate (hazard ratio of 8.87) (P < 0.05). Conclusions: High levels of oxidative markers are related to tumor aggressiveness and can predict poor outcome of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma patients. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source


Muller C.B.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Muller C.B.,National Institutes for Translational Medicine INCT TM | De Barros R.L.S.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | De Barros R.L.S.,National Institutes for Translational Medicine INCT TM | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology | Year: 2011

Purpose: Cofilin is a cytoskeletal protein whose overexpression has been associated with aggressiveness in several types of malignancies. Here, we established and optimized a simple semi-quantitative immunohistochemistry (SQ-IHC) method for cofilin quantification in tumor biopsies, and applied it in a retrospective cohort of NSCLC patients aiming at validating the use of cofilin-1 as a prognostic biomarker. Methods: The SQ-IHC method for cofilin-1 quantification was established and applied in a NSCLC cohort. An archival collection of biopsies from 50 patients with clinicopathological information and 5 years follow-up was accessed. Association between cofilin-1 immunocontent and clinical outcome was assessed using standard Kaplan-Meier mortality curves and the log-rank test. To evaluate the robustness of our findings, three different partitional clustering strategies were used to stratify patients into two groups according to the biomarker expression level (hierarchical clustering, Kmeans and median cutoff). Results: In all the three different partitional clustering we used, survival analysis showed that patient with high cofilin-1 immunocontent had a lower overall survival rate (P < 0.05), and could be used to discriminate between good and bad prognosis. No other correlation was found when the variables age, sex or histological type were tested in association with patients outcome or with cofilin immunocontent. Conclusions: Our method showed good sensitivity/specificity to indicate the outcome of patients according to their cofilin immunocontent in biological samples. Its application in a retrospective cohort and the results presented here are an important step toward the validation process of cofilin-1 as a prognostic biomarker. © Springer-Verlag 2011. Source


Lopes F.M.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Lopes F.M.,National Institute for Translational Medicine INCT TM | Schroder R.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Junior M.L.C.d.F.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | And 14 more authors.
Brain Research | Year: 2010

The molecular mechanisms underlying the cellular lost found in the nigrostriatal pathway during the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD) are not completely understood. Human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y challenged with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) has been widely used as an in vitro model for PD. Although this cell line differentiates to dopaminergic neuron-like cells in response to low serum and retinoic acid (RA) treatment, there are few studies investigating the differences between proliferative and RA-differentiated SH-SY5Y cells. Here we evaluate morphological and biochemical changes which occurs during the differentiation of SH-SY5Y cells, and their responsiveness to 6-OHDA toxicity. Exponentially growing SH-SY5Y cells were maintained with DMEM/F12 medium plus 10% of fetal bovine serum (FBS). Differentiation was triggered by the combination of 10 μM RA plus 1% of FBS during 4, 7 and 10 days in culture. We found that SH-SY5Y cells differentiated for 7 days show an increase immunocontent of several relevant neuronal markers with the concomitant decrease in non-differentiated cell marker. Moreover, cells became two-fold more sensitive to 6-OHDA toxicity during the differentiation process. Time course experiments showed loss of mitochondrial membrane potential triggered by 6-OHDA (mitochondrial dysfunction parameter), which firstly occurs in proliferative than neuron-like differentiated cells. This finding could be related to the increase in the immunocontent of the neuroprotective protein DJ-1 during differentiation. Our data suggest that SH-SY5Y cells differentiated by 7 days with the protocol described here represent a more suitable experimental model for studying the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of PD. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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