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North Bethesda, MD, United States

Brown A.L.,Laboratory of Obesity and Aging Research | Yang S.,Laboratory of Obesity and Aging Research | Park S.-J.,Laboratory of Obesity and Aging Research | Liu C.,U.S. National Institutes of Health | And 8 more authors.
Nature Communications | Year: 2015

DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) mediates double-stranded DNA break repair, V(D)J recombination and immunoglobulin class switch recombination, as well as innate immune and pro-inflammatory responses. However, there is limited information regarding the role of DNA-PK in adaptive immunity mediated by dendritic cells (DCs), which are the primary antigen-presenting cells in allergic asthma. Here we show that house dust mite induces DNA-PK phosphorylation, which is a marker of DNA-PK activation, in DCs via the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species. We also demonstrate that pharmacological inhibition of DNA-PK, as well as the specific deletion of DNA-PK in DCs, attenuates the induction of allergic sensitization and Th2 immunity via a mechanism that involves the impaired presentation of mite antigens. Furthermore, pharmacological inhibition of DNA-PK following antigen priming similarly reduces the manifestations of mite-induced airway disease. Collectively, these findings suggest that DNA-PK may be a potential target for treatment of allergic asthma. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

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