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Peer D.,Laboratory of NanoMedicine | Peer D.,Tel Aviv University
Immunological Reviews | Year: 2013

RNA interference (RNAi) has advanced into clinical trials. In spite of the progress made in systemic RNAi delivery to the liver and solid tumors, delivery of RNAi to leukocytes remains challenging and less advanced. Manipulating leukocyte function with RNAi holds great promise for streamlining the drug discovery process by facilitating in vivo drug target validation and for facilitating the development of RNAi-based therapy platforms for leukocyte-implicated diseases, such as blood cancer, inflammation, and leukocyte-tropic viral infections. In this review, progress in delivery strategies of RNAi payloads to leukocytes, which are notoriously difficult cells to transduce with RNAi, is discussed with special emphasis on the challenges and potential opportunities for manipulating leukocyte function with RNAi. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

Sanna V.,University of Sassari | Sanna V.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Siddiqui I.A.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Sechi M.,University of Sassari | And 3 more authors.
Molecular Pharmaceutics | Year: 2013

Nanoencapsulation of antiproliferative and chemopreventive phytoalexin trans-resveratrol (RSV) is likely to provide protection against degradation, enhancement of bioavailability, improvement in intracellular penetration and control delivery. In this study, polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) encapsulating RSV (nano-RSV) as novel prototypes for prostate cancer (PCa) treatment were designed, characterized and evaluated using human PCa cells. Nanosystems, composed of a biocompatible blend of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol) conjugate (PLGA-PEG-COOH), were prepared by a nanoprecipitation method, and characterized in terms of morphology, particle size and zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency, thermal analyses, and in vitro release studies. Cellular uptake of NPs was then evaluated in PCa cell lines DU-145, PC-3, and LNCaP using confocal fluorescence microscopy, and antiproliferative efficacy was assessed using MTT assay. With encapsulation efficiencies ranging from 74% to 98%, RSV was successfully loaded in PCL:PLGA-PEG-COOH NPs, which showed an average diameter of 150 nm. NPs were able to control the RSV release at pH 6.5 and 7.4, mimicking the acidic tumoral microenvironment and physiological conditions, respectively, with only 55% of RSV released within 7 h. In gastrointestinal simulated fluids, NPs released about 55% of RSV in the first 2 h in acidic medium, and their total RSV content within the subsequent 5 h at pH 7.4. Confocal fluorescence microscopy observations revealed that NPs were efficiently taken up by PCa cell lines. Furthermore, nano-RSV significantly improved the cytotoxicity compared to that of free RSV toward all three cell lines, at all tested concentrations (from 10 μM to 40 μM), proving a consistent sensitivity toward both the androgen-independent DU-145 and hormone-sensitive LNCaP cells. Our findings support the potential use of developed nanoprototypes for the controlled delivery of bioactive RSV for PCa chemoprevention/chemotherapy. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source

Elinav E.,Weizmann Institute of Science | Peer D.,Laboratory of NanoMedicine | Peer D.,Tel Aviv University
ACS Nano | Year: 2013

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been extensively studied in the last four decades both in animal models and humans. The treatment options remain disappointing, nonspecific, and associated with multiple systemic adverse effects. In this Perspective, we highlight issues related to emerging nanotechnologies designed particularly for treatment and disease management of IBD and discuss potential therapeutic target options with novel molecular imaging modalities. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source

Cao Y.,Tianjin University | Gao M.,Tianjin University | Chen C.,Tianjin University | Fan A.,Tianjin University | And 6 more authors.
Nanotechnology | Year: 2015

Nanoscale drug delivery platforms have been developed over the past four decades that have shown promising clinical results in several types of cancer and inflammatory disorders. These nanocarriers carrying therapeutic payloads are maximizing the therapeutic outcomes while minimizing adverse effects. Yet one of the major challenges facing drug developers is the dilemma of premature versus on-demand drug release, which influences the therapeutic regiment, efficacy and potential toxicity. Herein, we report on redox-sensitive polymer-drug conjugate micelles for on-demand intracellular delivery of a model active agent, curcumin. Biodegradable methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic acid) copolymer (mPEG-PLA) was conjugated with curcumin via a disulfide bond or ester bond (control), respectively. The self-assembled redox-sensitive micelles exhibited a hydrodynamic size of 115.6±5.9 (nm) with a zeta potential of -10.6±0.7 (mV). The critical micelle concentration was determined at 6.7±0.4 (μg mL-1). Under sink conditions with a mimicked redox environment (10 mM dithiothreitol), the extent of curcumin release at 48 h from disulfide bond-linked micelles was nearly three times higher compared to the control micelles. Such rapid release led to a lower half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) in HeLa cells at 18.5±1.4 (μg mL-1), whereas the IC50 of control micelles was 41.0±2.4 (μg mL-1). The cellular uptake study also revealed higher fluorescence intensity for redox-sensitive micelles. In conclusion, the redox-sensitive polymeric conjugate micelles could enhance curcumin delivery while avoiding premature release, and achieving on-demand release under the high glutathione concentration in the cell cytoplasm. This strategy opens new avenues for on-demand drug release of nanoscale intracellular delivery platforms that ultimately might be translated into pre-clinical and future clinical practice. © 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd. Source

Bogart L.K.,University of Liverpool | Pourroy G.,CNRS Institute of Genetics and of Molecular and Cellular Biology | Murphy C.J.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign | Puntes V.,Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies | And 6 more authors.
ACS Nano | Year: 2014

Nanoparticles have the potential to contribute to new modalities in molecular imaging and sensing as well as in therapeutic interventions. In this Nano Focus article, we identify some of the current challenges and knowledge gaps that need to be confronted to accelerate the developments of various applications. Using specific examples, we journey from the characterization of these complex hybrid nanomaterials; continue with surface design and (bio)physicochemical properties, their fate in biological media and cells, and their potential for cancer treatment; and finally reflect on the role of animal models to predict their behavior in humans. © 2014 American Chemical Society. Source

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