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Capanni C.,CNR Institute of Molecular Genetics | Bruschi M.,Laboratory on Pathophysiology of Uremia | Columbaro M.,Science Laboratory of Musculoskeletal Cell Biology | Cuccarolo P.,Molecular Mutagenesis and DNA Repair Unit | And 6 more authors.
Biochimie | Year: 2013

Growing number of publication has proved an increasing of cellular function of the Fanconi anemia proteins. To chromosome stability and DNA repair new roles have been attributed to FA proteins in oxidative stress response and homeostasis, immune response and cytokines sensibility, gene expression. Our work shows a new role for FA-A protein: the organization of the cellular structure. By 2D-PAGE of FA-A and correct fibroblasts treated and untreated with H2O2 we identify different expression of protein involved in the structural organization of nucleus, intermediate filaments and mitochondria. Immunofluorescence and electronic microscopy analysis clearly show an already altered cellular structure in normal culture condition and this worsted after oxidative stress. FA-A cell appears structurally prone to physiologic stress and this could explain part of the phenotype of FA cells. © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. Source

Panfoli I.,University of Genoa | Bruschi M.,Laboratory on Pathophysiology of Uremia | Santucci L.,Laboratory on Pathophysiology of Uremia | Calzia D.,University of Genoa | And 3 more authors.
Expert Review of Proteomics | Year: 2014

Myelin proteomics has been the subject of intense research over the last decade, and its profiling has achieved good results by both in-gel and mass spectrometry-based techniques. 1280 proteins have been identified, a number expected to increase. Some of the identified proteins are as yet not established as true components of myelin. There appears to be a limit in our ability to discover markers of myelin biogenesis, function and disease. Myelin can be easily isolated free of contaminants, thanks to its lipidic nature, which however necessitates pretreatment with detergents before mass spectrometry analysis. Here, the key issue of solubilization of myelin proteins for mass spectrometry measurements is addressed. An in-depth characterization of the myelin proteome would have a profound impact on our knowledge of its pathology and physiology. Future quantitative proteomic studies of the low-abundance myelin protein complement, likely representing key regulatory components, may in future provide molecular description of the dysmyelinating/demyelinating diseases. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Bruschi M.,Laboratory on Pathophysiology of Uremia | Ravera S.,University of Genoa | Santucci L.,Laboratory on Pathophysiology of Uremia | Candiano G.,Laboratory on Pathophysiology of Uremia | And 7 more authors.
Expert Review of Proteomics | Year: 2015

Exosomes are nanovesicles, derived from the endocytic pathway, released by most cell types and found in many body fluids, including urine. A variety of exosomal functions have been reported, including transfer of RNA, cell communication, control of apoptosis and protein lifespan. Exosomes from mesenchymal stem cells can rescue bioenergetics of injured cells. Here the urinary exosome proteome, non-urinary exosome proteome and urinome are compared. A consistent number of identified proteins cluster to metabolic functions. Cytoscape software analysis based on biological processes gene ontology database shows that metabolic pathways such as aerobic glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation have a high probability (p ≤ 0.05) of being expressed and therefore functional. A metabolic function appears to be associated with human urinary exosomes, whose relevance experimental studies can assess. © Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Bruschi M.,Dialysis and Transplantation and Laboratory on Pathophysiology of Uremia | Santucci L.,Dialysis and Transplantation and Laboratory on Pathophysiology of Uremia | Ravera S.,University of Genoa | Candiano G.,Dialysis and Transplantation and Laboratory on Pathophysiology of Uremia | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2016

Exosomes are 40-100-nm vesicles released by most cell types after fusion of multivesicular endosomes with the plasma membrane. Exosomes, ubiquitary in body fluids including urines, contain proteins and RNA species specific of the tissue of origin. Exosomes from urine have been extensively studied as a promising reservoir for disease biomarkers. Here, we report the proteome analysis of urinary exosomes compared to urinoma, studied by Orbitrap mass spectrometry. A discovery approach was utilized on the sample. 3429 proteins were present, with minimal overlapping among exosome and urinoma. 959 proteins (28%) in exosome and 1478 proteins (43%) in urinoma were exclusively present in only one group. By cytoscape analysis, the biological process gene ontology was correlated to their probability (≤ 0.05) to be functional. This was never studied before and showed a significant clustering around metabolic functions, in particular to aerobic ATP production. Urinary exosomes carry out oxidative phosphorylation, being able to synthesize ATP and consume oxygen.A previously unsuspected function emerges for human urinary exosomes as bioactive vesicles that consume oxygen to aerobically synthesize ATP. Determination of normal human urine proteome can help generate the healthy urinary protein database for comparison, useful for various renal diseases. Biological significance: The findings reported represent a significant advance in the understanding of the healthy human urinary proteome. The methodology utilized to analyze the collection of proteomic data allowed the assessment of the unique composition of urinary exosomes with respect to urinoma and to elucidate the presence in the former of molecular pathways previously unknown. The paper has the potential to impact its field of research, due to the biological relevance of the metabolic capacity of urinary exosomes, which may represent their important general feature. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Source

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