Kimura A.,Laboratory of Genetics and Physiology |
Martin C.,Laboratory of Genetics and Physiology |
Robinson G.W.,Laboratory of Genetics and Physiology |
Simone J.M.,Flow Cytometry Section |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Biological Chemistry | Year: 2010
Cytokines control the biology of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and progenitor cells in part through the transcription factors STAT5A/B. To investigate the target genes of STAT5A/B activated by cytokines in HSCs and progenitors, we performed microarray analyses using Lineage- Sca-1+ c-Kit+ (KSL) cells in the presence and absence of STAT5A/B. Stimulation with a mixture containing IL-3, IL-6, stem cell factor, thrombopoietin, and Flt3 ligand induced Ccn3/Nov mRNA over 100-fold in WT (control) but not Stat5a/b-null KSL cells. CCN3/NOV is a positive regulator of human HSC self-renewal and development of committed blood cells. Without stimulation, the Ccn3/Nov signal level was low in control KSL cells similar to Stat5a/b-null KSL cells. To determine which cytokine activates the Ccn3/Nov gene, we analyzed Lineage- c-Kit+ (KL) and 32D cells using quantitative PCR and ChIP assays. Although stimulation with a mixture lacking IL-3 prevented the induction of Ccn3/Nov in control KL cells, IL-3 alone could induce Ccn3/Nov mRNA in control KL and 32D cells. ChIP assays using 32D cells revealed IL-3-induced binding of STAT5A/B to a γ-interferon-activated sequences site in the Ccn3/Nov gene promoter. This is the first report that Ccn3/Nov is directly induced by cytokines through STAT5A/B.