Wang M.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Li W.,Laboratory of General Surgery |
Chang G.-Q.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Ye C.-S.,Sun Yat Sen University |
And 6 more authors.
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology | Year: 2011
Objective:-The goal of this study was to determine the expression signature and the potential role of microRNAs in human arteries with arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO). Methods and results:-The expression profiles of microRNAs in human arteries with ASO and in normal control arteries were determined by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction array. Among the 617 detected microRNAs, multiple microRNAs were aberrantly expressed in arteries with ASO. Some of these dysregulated microRNAs were further verified by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Among them, microRNA-21 (miR-21) was mainly located in arterial smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) and was increased by more than 7-fold in ASO that was related to hypoxia inducible factor 1-α. In cultured human ASMCs, cell proliferation and migration were significantly decreased by inhibition of miR-21. 3′-Untranslated region luciferase assay confirmed that tropomyosin 1 was a target of miR-21 that was involved in miR-21-mediated cellular effects, such as cell shape modulation. CONCLUSION:-The results suggest that miR-21 is able to regulate ASMC function by targeting tropomyosin 1. The hypoxia inducible factor-1 α/miR-21/tropomyosin 1 pathway may play a critical role in the pathogenesis of ASO. These findings might provide a new therapeutic target for human ASO. © 2011 American Heart Association. All rights reserved. Source
Wang X.-A.,Institute of Biliary Tract Disease |
Wang X.-A.,Laboratory of General Surgery |
Wang X.-A.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Xiang S.-S.,Institute of Biliary Tract Disease |
And 51 more authors.
Molecules | Year: 2014
Gallbladder cancer is the most common malignant tumor of the biliary tract, and this condition has a rather dismal prognosis, with an extremely low five-year survival rate. To improve the outcome of unresectable and recurrent gallbladder cancer, it is necessary to develop new effective treatments and drugs. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of cordycepin on human gallbladder cells and uncover the molecular mechanisms responsible for these effects. The Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and colony formation assays revealed that cordycepin affected the viability and proliferation of human gallbladder cancer cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Flow cytometric analysis showed that cordycepin induced S phase arrest in human gallbladder cancer cell lines(NOZ and GBC-SD cells). Cordycepin-induced apoptosis was observed using an Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) double-staining assay, and the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) decreased in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, western blot analysis revealed the upregulation of cleaved-caspase-3, cleaved-caspase-9, cleaved-PARP and Bax and the downregulation of Bcl-2, cyclin A and Cdk-2 in cordycepin-treated cells. Moreover, cordycepin inhibited tumor growth in nude mice bearing NOZ tumors. Our results indicate that this drug may represent an effective treatment for gallbladder carcinoma. © 2014 by the authors. Source
Wang H.,Laboratory of General Surgery |
Wu J.,Nanjing Medical University |
Zhang Y.,Laboratory of General Surgery |
Xue X.,Laboratory of General Surgery |
And 6 more authors.
Oncology Letters | Year: 2012
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition plays a crucial role in the progression of pancreatic cancer. The aim of this study was to examine the possible association between the epithelial-mesenchymal transition and cancer stem-like cells in pancreatic cancer. We used transforming growth factor β to induce an epithelial-mesenchymal transition. The proportion of pancreatic cancer stem-like cells was measured and sorted by flow cytometry. The expression of markers was measured by quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis. Cell cycle distribution was assessed by flow cytometry. We evaluated the migration and invasion activity by Transwell tests. The proportion of pancreatic cancer stem-like cells was significantly increased following transforming growth factor β treatment. Cells were sorted in culture, the cancer stem-like cells exhibited a higher degree of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and demonstrated upregulation of vimentin, a mesenchymal phenotypic marker, compared to the CD44-CD24- cells. Pancreatic cancer stem-like cells exhibited greater invasion and migration activity in vitro compared to the CD44-CD24- cells. These results suggested a direct link between epithelial-mesenchymal transition and cancer stem-like cells in pancreatic cancer. Source