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Fukuoka-shi, Japan

Lhlng N.N.,Laboratory of Farm Management | Shlnkai S.,Laboratory of Farm Management | Shlnkai S.,Kyushu University | Hotta K.,Laboratory of Farm Management | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University

Microfinance (MF) has developed as a vital move towards the promotion of community development and poverty alleviation goals through the provision of small loans to low income individuals, households and enterprises MF for poor people has become an increasingly against poverty in developing countries worldwide Reducing the proportion of people living on less than a dollar per day by half by 2015 is a part of the Millennium Development Goals. This study examined the effects of the Private Agency Collaborating Together (PACT) microfinance program in Dry Zone Area of Central Myanmar. The Research has been carried out in six villages of Dry-Zone Area in central Myanmar. The analysis uses 2008 cross-sectional survey data on 162 randomly selected households. Descriptive analysis shows that the respondents who participated (clients) are improving of their living standard and more total income than those who did not participate (non-clients) in the program The result from logistic regression model suggests that marital status of respondents, gender of household head, education level, number of crops, changes farming practices and established new business are strongly associated with taking loan and the presence of these variables increases the probability of being taken loan Household size, age of respondents and land holding size are also highly significant variables but having negative impact on the probability of taking loan. Therefore, MF program helps client households to reduce their financial vulnerability through diversification of income sources. Source

Zhou H.,Laboratory of Farm Management | Nanseki T.,Laboratory of Farm Management | Nanseki T.,Kyushu University | Hotta K.,Laboratory of Farm Management | And 5 more authors.
Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University

Dairy industry has a large potential in China. However, recent food safety problems occurred in the livestock sector in China has somehow negatively affected consumer's confidence in food purchase. A traceability system can be one of the ways to provide consumers information about the food they purchase. In this research, consumers' attitudes toward traceability system are examined. A choice modeling technique is the tool to examine what kinds of information are significant determinants on the value people place on non-market goods i.e. traceability label on dairy products. A conditional logit model is used to analyze the data. In conclusion, a traceability system is not familiar with many consumers in China. However, most of the consumers would like to accept traceability system and were willing to pay extra money for milk with a traceability system. The consumers are concerned on the information of animal medicine usage record especially on antibiotic and willing to pay more for receiving the information. Providing this information may increase consumers' confidence on the food they consume. A traceability system could be a way to provide information of production and avoid information asymmetry, and help consumers to rebuild the confidence. Source

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