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Ocadlikova D.,Masaryk University | Ocadlikova D.,Laboratory of Experimental Hematology and Cellular Immunotherapy | Kryukov F.,Masaryk University | Kryukov F.,Laboratory of Experimental Hematology and Cellular Immunotherapy | And 11 more authors.
Neoplasma | Year: 2010

Dendritic cells are able to induce anti-tumor immune responses by presenting tumor-specific antigens to T-lymphocytes. Various tumor-associated antigens have been studied in multiple myeloma in an effort to find a strong antigen capable of generating clinically meaningful responses in vaccinated patients. The aim of our study was to generate myeloma-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes in vitro using dendritic cells loaded with peptide antigens or apoptotic bodies. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from HLA-A2+ healthy donors were used for isolation and culture of dendritic cells (DCs) and T lymphocytes. DCs were loaded with hTERT- and MUC1-derived nonapeptides or apoptotic bodies from myeloma cells. Repeated stimulation of T lymphocytes led to their activation characterized by interferon-gamma production. Activated T lymphocytes were separated immunomagnetically and expanded in vitro. Specific cytotoxicity of the expanded T lymphocytes was tested against a myeloma cell line. There was evidence of cytotoxicity for all three types of antigens used for T lymphocyte priming and expansion. No statistically significant differences were observed in T lymphocyte cytotoxicity for any of the antigens. We present a method for the priming and expansion of myeloma-specific T lymphocytes using dendritic cells loaded with different types of tumor antigens. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes and/or activated dendritic cells generated by the described methods can be applied for cellular immunotherapy against multiple myeloma and other malignancies.

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