Morillo-Rodriguez A.,Laboratory of Equine Reproduction |
Macias-Garcia B.,Laboratory of Equine Reproduction |
Tapia J.A.,University of Extremadura |
Ortega-Ferrusola C.,Laboratory of Equine Reproduction |
Pena F.J.,Laboratory of Equine Reproduction
Andrologia | Year: 2012
Ejaculates from six pure Spanish stallions were split, and one subsample frozen in a commercial extender supplemented with the lipid soluble antioxidant butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), while the other subsample served as control. After at least 4weeks of storage, samples were thawed and post-thaw sperm quality analysed: sperm motility and kinematics using a CASA system, membrane and acrosome integrity and mitochondrial membrane potential using flow cytometry. The outcome of cryopreservation varied significantly among stallions. However, the supplementation with 1mm BHT had no significant effect on any of the sperm parameters evaluated post-thaw. © 2011 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
Garcia B.M.,Laboratory of Equine Reproduction |
Moran A.M.,University of Extremadura |
Fernandez L.G.,University of Extremadura |
Ferrusola C.O.,Laboratory of Equine Reproduction |
And 6 more authors.
Journal of Andrology | Year: 2012
Cryopreservation introduces extreme temperature and osmolality changes that impart lethal and sublethal effects on spermatozoa. Additionally, there is evidence that the osmotic stress induced by cryopreservation causes oxidative stress to spermatozoa. The main sources of reactive oxygen species in mammalian sperm are the mitochondria. In view of this, the aim of our study was to test whether or not osmotic stress was able to induce mitochondrial damage and to explore the osmotic tolerance of the mitochondria of stallion spermatozoa. Ejaculates from 7 stallions were subjected to osmolalities ranging from 75 to 1500 mOsm/kg, and the effect on sperm membrane integrity and mitochondrial membrane potential was studied. Additionally, the effects of changes in osmolality from hyposmotic to isosmotic and from hyperosmotic to isosmotic solutions were studied (osmotic excursions). The cellular volume of stallion spermatozoa under isosmotic conditions was 20.4 ± 0.33 μm 3. When exposed to low osmolality, the stallion spermatozoa behaved like a linear osmometer, whereas exposure to high osmolalities up to 900 mOsm/kg resulted in decreased sperm volume. Although sperm membranes were relatively resistant to changes in osmolality, mitochondrial membrane potential decreased when osmolalities were low or very high (10.7 ± 1.74 and 16.5 ± 1.70 at 75 and 150 mOsm/kg, respectively, and 13.1 ± 1.83 at 1500 mOsm/kg), whereas in isosmolar controls the percentage of stallion sperm mitochondria with a high membrane potential was 41.1 ± 1.69 (P < .01). Osmotic excursions induced greater damage than exposure of spermatozoa to a given nonphysiologic osmolality, and again the mitochondria were more prone to damage induced by osmotic excursions than was the sperm plasma membrane. In search of intracellular components that could mediate these changes, we have detected for the first time the c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2 in stallion spermatozoa, which are apparently involved in the regulation of the viability of these cells. © American Society of Andrology.