Bass C.,Rothamsted Research |
Nikou D.,Agricultural University of Athens |
Nikou D.,Vector Group |
Vontas J.,Agricultural University of Athens |
And 3 more authors.
Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology | Year: 2010
Resistance to the organophosphate and carbamate insecticides through insensitivity of the target site enzyme, acetylcholinesterase has recently been reported in Anopheles gambiae populations in West Africa. To date, screening for the mutation (G119S of the ace-1 gene) conferring this insensitivity has employed a simple PCR-RFLP diagnostic. However, this has the disadvantage of requiring digestion of the amplified fragment and subsequent gel electrophoresis of the products. To overcome this, and thus increase throughput and reduce costs, we have developed two assays based on real-time PCR (TaqMan and melt-curve) that represent true 'closed-tube' approaches. The two new platforms were compared to PCR-RFLP to genotype over 280 samples. The two new methods compared favourably with PCR-RFLP with the TaqMan assay delivering the greatest specificity and sensitivity of the three approaches. This assay is also cheaper to run than PCR-RFLP and results are obtained in a single step. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source