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Amara S.,Laboratory of Colorectal Cancer Research UR12SP14 | Amara S.,Tunis el Manar University | Chaar I.,Laboratory of Colorectal Cancer Research UR12SP14 | Chaar I.,Tunis el Manar University | And 11 more authors.
Cancer Biomarkers | Year: 2015

BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that SDF-1 and CXCR4 are expressed in certain cancer cells, and malignant cells use this chemokine/receptor system to promote tumor progression and metastasis. However, the pathophysiological significance of their expression in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissue has not been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess SDF-1/CXCR4 expression and to explore its contribution to colorectal cancer. METHODS: We examined SDF-1 and CXCR4 mRNA expression in 124 primary colorectal tumour and 35 liver metastases tissues and matched adjacent noncancerous tissues by reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR). Furthermore, their expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The relationship between SDF-1/CXCR4 expression and clinicopathological features were analyzed by appropriate statistics. X2 test and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to investigate the correlation between the ligand-receptor expression and prognosis of colorectal cancer patients. RESULTS: The relative mRNA expression of SDF-1 and CXCR4 was significantly elevated in colorectal cancer tissues as compared with adjacent noncancerous tissues (P < 0.001). The high expression of proteins expression in colorectal cancer tissues was significantly correlated with tumor grade (P 0.0001), clinical stage (P < 0.05), and lymphatic invasion (P < 0.05). Furthermore, patients with CXCR4 nuclear-type expression showed more frequent lymph node metastasis (p 0.021), advanced clinical stage (p 0.001) and lymphatic invasion (p 0.03) than those with cytoplasm staining-type. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that high expression of the couple SDF-1/CXCR4 correlated with poor prognosis of colorectal cancer patients (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: SDF-1 and CXCR4 may play an important role in the progression of colorectal cancer. The present data suggest that there is a significant association between SDF-1/CXCR4 to enhance the liver metastases causing poor prognosis. Those proteins may potentially be used as an independent biomarker for the prognostic evaluation of colon cancer in the Tunisian cohort. © 2015 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. Source

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