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Sant'Ambrogio di Torino, Italy

Makhoul B.F.,Rambam Health Care Campus | Makhoul B.F.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology | Khourieh A.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology | Kaplan M.,Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2013

Background: Increased red blood cell distribution (RDW) has been associated with adverse outcomes in patients with heart failure. We studied the association between baseline RDW and changes in RDW during hospital course with clinical outcomes in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients. Methods and results: We prospectively studied 614 patients with ADHF. Baseline RDW and RDW change during hospital course were determined. The relationship between RDW and clinical outcomes after hospital discharge was tested using Cox regression models, adjusting for clinical characteristics, echocardiographic findings and brain natriuretic peptide levels. During follow up (1 year), 286 patients (46.6%) died and 84 were readmitted for ADHF (13.7%). Median RDW was significantly higher among patients who died compared to patients who survived (15.6% interquartile range [14.5 to 17.1] vs 14.9% mg/L interquartile range [14.1 to 16.1], P < 0.0001). Compared with patients in the 1st RDW quartile, the adjusted hazard ratio [HR] for death or rehospitalization was 1.9 [95% CI 1.3-2.6] in patients in the 4th quartile. Changes in RDW during hospitalization were strongly associated with changes in mortality risk. Compared with patients with persistent normal RDW (< 14.5%), the adjusted HR for mortality was 1.9 [95% CI 1.1-3.1] for patients in whom RDW increased above 14.5% during hospital course, similar to patients with persistent elevation of RDW (HR was 1.7, 95% CI 1.2-2.3). Conclusion: In patients hospitalized with ADHF, RDW is a strong independent predictor of greater morbidity and mortality. An increase in RDW during hospitalization also portends adverse clinical outcome. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Xie X.,Ningbo University | Liu H.,Ningbo University | Ding S.,Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry | Hurd Y.L.,Mount Sinai School of Medicine | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the OPRM1 gene have been associated with vulnerability to opioid dependence. The current study identifies an association of an intronic SNP (rs9479757) with the severity of heroin addiction among Han-Chinese male heroin addicts. Individual SNP analysis and haplotype-based analysis with additional SNPs in the OPRM1 locus showed that mild heroin addiction was associated with the AG genotype, whereas severe heroin addiction was associated with the GG genotype. In vitro studies such as electrophoretic mobility shift assay, minigene, siRNA, and antisense morpholino oligonucleotide studies have identified heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein H (hnRNPH) as the major binding partner for the G-containing SNP site. The G-to-A transition weakens hnRNPH binding and facilitates exon 2 skipping, leading to altered expressions of OPRM1 splice-variant mRNAs and hMOR-1 proteins. Similar changes in splicing and hMOR-1 proteins were observed in human postmortem prefrontal cortex with the AG genotype of this SNP when compared with the GG genotype. Interestingly, the altered splicing led to an increase in hMOR-1 protein levels despite decreased hMOR-1 mRNA levels, which is likely contributed by a concurrent increase in single transmembrane domain variants that have a chaperone-like function on MOR-1 protein stability. Our studies delineate the role of this SNP as a modifier of OPRM1 alternative splicing via hnRNPH interactions, and suggest a functional link between an SNP-containing splicing modifier and the severity of heroin addiction. © 2014 the authors.

Ulvik A.,Laboratoriebygget | Midttun O.,Laboratoriebygget | Pedersen E.R.,University of Bergen | Eussen S.J.P.M.,University of Bergen | And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2014

Background: Plasma concentrations of PL 5'-phosphate (PLP), which is the active coenzyme form of vitamin B-6, are reduced during inflammation. The underlying mechanisms may include altered tissue distribution or increased catabolism via pyridoxal (PL) to pyridoxic acid (PA). Recently, we showed that catabolic enzyme activity could be assessed by substrate product ratios measured in plasma. Objective: We evaluated the ratios PA:PL, PA:PLP, and PA:(PL + PLP) as possible markers of vitamin B-6 catabolism. Design: Cross-sectional and longitudinal data were derived from the Western Norway B-Vitamin Intervention Trial. We analyzed associations of ratios with inflammatory markers and other clinical variables by using multiple linear regression and partial correlation. In addition, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were used to assess the ability of plasma indexes to differentiate between subjects. Results: PA:(PL + PLP) had the highest ICC of all vitamin B-6 metabolites and ratios tested. In regression models, the inflammatory markers C-reactive protein, white blood cell count, neopterin, and kynurenine:tryptophan collectively accounted for 28% of the total and > 90% of the explained variation in PA:(PL + PLP). For individual B-6 metabolites, corresponding numbers were 19-25% and 20-44%, respectively, with vitamin supplement intake, smoking, and kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate) as additional predictors. In an analysis of receiver operating characteristics, PA:(PL + PLP) discriminated high inflammatory concentrations with an area under the curve (95% CI) of 0.85 (0.81, 0.89). Conclusions: Broad-specificity enzymes upregulated to reduce oxidative and aldehyde stress could explain increased catabolism of vitamin B-6 during inflammation. The ratio PA:(PL + PLP) may provide novel insights into pathologic processes and potentially predict risk of future disease. © 2014 American Society for Nutrition.

Kushlinskii N.E.,Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry | Nemtsova M.V.,Barrikadnaya Street
Vestnik Rossiiskoi Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk | Year: 2014

The review presents the main and additional features that distinguish tumor cells from normal tissue cells. They include sustained proliferative signaling, evasion from growth suppressors, resisting cell death, enabling replicalive immortality, angiogenesis induction, and invasion and metastasis activation. Basis for the formation of these features is provided by tumor genome instability. Tumors are complex tissues that consist of different cell types interacting with each other as well as with normal cells. An important characteristic of tumor cells is the ability to interact with the tumor microenvironment and the formation of tumor stroma.

Ozcelik F.,Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry | Arslan E.,Balmumcu Military Medical Center | Yiginer O.,GATA Haydarpasa Training Hospital | Oztosun M.,Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry | Kayadibi H.,Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry
American Journal of the Medical Sciences | Year: 2012

Introduction: Pseudothrombocytopenia (PTCP), caused by platelet (PLT) aggregation, is usually associated with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)-dependent antibodies and cold aggluti-nins against PLT antigens. The aim of this study was to identify the PTCP and discover the most practical method to distinguish it from real thrombocytopenia. Methods: This study included 85 patients without hemorrhagic abnormalities and suspected PTCP. Blood samples containing EDTA, citrate and EDTA-kanamycin (KN) were analyzed at room temperature and 37°C. Results: PTCP was detected in 24 of 85 patients. In 23 of 24 patients, EDTA-dependent pseudothrombocytopenia (EDTA-PTCP) was detected; 5 of whom had also the cold agglutinin-dependent PTCP. In only 1 of 24 patients, the cold agglu-tinin-dependent PTCP was found. In this study, no significant difference was observed in leukocyte counts comparing EDTA and citrate blood samples in cases with EDTA-PTCP. Conclusion: In clinical laboratories, a significant portion of the cases with low PLT counts was attributable to EDTA-PTCP and, therefore, did not require treatment. Even if these cases can be detected by bringing the blood samples containing EDTA to 37°C or by adding KN to blood samples containing EDTA, the use of blood samples containing citrate taken for erythrocyte sedimentation rate analysis is a more practical priority method. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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