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Pratesi A.,Laboratory of Chemistry and Biology of Peptides and Proteins | Bucelli F.,Laboratory of Chemistry and Biology of Peptides and Proteins | Mori I.,Laboratory of Chemistry and Biology of Peptides and Proteins | Mori I.,Novartis | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2010

The synthesis of four biotin derivatives carrying two DOTA moieties for each ligand (BisDOTA set) is reported, for increasing radiation/dose ratio and improving efficiency in the pretargeted avidin-biotin radioimmunotherapy. The biotin-containing scaffold of two BisDOTAwas similar to the mono-DOTA derivative previously described. Then the scaffold was elongated by trifunctionalized spacers of different length and conjugated with one of the COOH groups of two DOTA. Two others were prepared starting from a on-resin lysine residue. The lysine R-NH2 was bonded to biotin, and then spacers were appended to the ε-NH2 and conjugated with two DOTA molecules. One compound contained a p-aminobenzoic acid spacer, which ensured higher head-to-tail distance and increased rigidity of the chain. These last two compounds had a very high ability to bond avidin and were labeled with 90Y at high specific activity. All the compounds were resistant to the action of serum biotinidases. ©2009 American Chemical Society.

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