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Franquesa M.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Hoogduijn M.J.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Reinders M.E.,Leiden University | Eggenhofer E.,University of Regensburg | And 37 more authors.
Transplantation | Year: 2013

The Fourth Expert Meeting of the Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Solid Organ Transplantation (MiSOT) Consortium took place in Barcelona on October 19 and 20, 2012. This meeting focused on the translation of preclinical data into early clinical settings. This position paper highlights the main topics explored on the safety and efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells as a therapeutic agent in solid organ transplantation and emphasizes the issues (proper timing, concomitant immunossupression, source and immunogenicity of mesenchymal stem cells, and oncogenicity) that have been addressed and will be followed up by the MiSOT Consortium in future studies. © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Papadimou E.,Centro Anna Maria Astori | Morigi M.,Centro Anna Maria Astori | Iatropoulos P.,Clinical Research Center for Rare Diseases Aldo le Dacco | Xinaris C.,Centro Anna Maria Astori | And 12 more authors.
Stem Cell Reports | Year: 2015

The application of cell-based therapies in regenerative medicine is gaining recognition. Here, we show that human bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), also known as bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal cells, can be reprogrammed into renal proximal tubular-like epithelial cells using cell-free extracts. Streptolysin-O-permeabilized BMSCs exposed to HK2-cell extracts underwent morphological changes-formation of "domes" and tubule-like structures-and acquired epithelial functional properties such as transepithelial-resistance, albuminbinding, and uptake and specific markers E-cadherin and aquaporin-1. Transmißion electron microscopy revealed the presence of brush border microvilli and tight intercellular contacts. RNA sequencing showed tubular epithelial transcript abundance and revealed the upregulation of components of the EGFR pathway. Reprogrammed BMSCs integrated into self-forming kidney tißue and formed tubular structures. Reprogrammed BMSCs infused in immunodeficient mice with cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury engrafted into proximal tubuli, reduced renal injury and improved function. Thus, reprogrammed BMSCs are a promising cell resource for future cell therapy.

Pievani A.,Laboratory Of Cellular Therapy G Lanzani | Borleri G.,Laboratory Of Cellular Therapy G Lanzani | Pende D.,Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro | Moretta L.,Istituto Giannina Gaslini | And 3 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2011

CD3 +CD56 + cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells display a potent cytolytic activity. The adhesion molecule lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 plays a crucial role in binding as well as in cytolytic activity of CIK cells against tumor target cells expressing the corresponding ligands. CIK cells express activating natural killer (NK) receptors, including NKG2D, DNAX accessory molecule-1 (DNAM-1), and low levels of NKp30. Cell signaling not only through TCR/CD3 but also through NKG2D, DNAM-1, and NKp30 leads to CIK cell activation resulting in granule exocytosis, cytokine secretion, and cytotoxicity. Antibody blocking experiments showed that DNAM-1, NKG2D, and NKp30 are involved in the TCR-independent tumor cell recognition and killing. Anti-CMV-specific CIK cells could be expanded in standard CIK cultures and mediate both specific, MHC-restricted recognition and TCR-independent NK-like cytolytic activity against leukemic cell lines or fresh leukemic blasts. Antibody blocking of lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 and DNAM-1 led to significant reduction of both CTL and NK-cell functions, whereas blocking of NKG2D and NKp30 only inhibited NK-like cytotoxicity. Their dual-effector function suggests that CIK cells, when used in a clinical setting, may control both neoplastic relapses and viral infections, 2 frequently associated complications in patients who received a transplant. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology.

Casolaro A.,Oncology | Golay J.,Laboratory Of Cellular Therapy G Lanzani | Albanese C.,Oncology | Ceruti R.,Oncology | And 15 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

CD56 is expressed in 15-20% of acute myeloid leukaemias (AML) and is associated with extramedullary diffusion, multidrug resistance and poor prognosis. We describe the establishment and characterisation of a novel disseminated model of AML (AML-NS8), generated by injection into mice of leukaemic blasts freshly isolated from a patient with an aggressive CD56+ monoblastic AML (M5a). The model reproduced typical manifestations of this leukaemia, including presence of extramedullary masses and central nervous system involvement, and the original phenotype, karyotype and genotype of leukaemic cells were retained in vivo. Recently Polo-Like Kinase 1 (PLK1) has emerged as a new candidate drug target in AML. We therefore tested our PLK1 inhibitor NMS-P937 in this model either in the engraftment or in the established disease settings. Both schedules showed good efficacy compared to standard therapies, with a significant increase in median survival time (MST) expecially in the established disease setting (MST = 28, 36, 62 days for vehicle, cytarabine and NMS-P937, respectively). Importantly, we could also demonstrate that NMS-P937 induced specific biomarker modulation in extramedullary tissues. This new in vivo model of CD56+ AML that recapitulates the human tumour lends support for the therapeutic use of PLK1 inhibitors in AML. © 2013 Casolaro et al.

Pievani A.,Laboratory Of Cellular Therapy G Lanzani | Belussi C.,Laboratory Of Cellular Therapy G Lanzani | Klein C.,Roche Holding AG | Rambaldi A.,Laboratory Of Cellular Therapy G Lanzani | And 2 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2011

We have investigated combining adoptive immunotherapy with cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells and anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) GA101 or rituximab to optimize B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) therapy. CIK cultures alone demonstrated significant cytotoxic activity against B-NHL cell lines or freshly isolated samples in either an autologous or allogeneic combination. This natural cytotoxicity (NC) was mainly due to the predominating CD3+CD56 + CIK population (40%-75%) present in the cultures. The addition of anti-CD20 mAb GA101 or rituximab further increased cytotoxicity by 35% and 15%, respectively. This enhancement was mainly due to antibody-dependent cytotoxicity (ADCC) mediated by the 1%-10% NK cells contaminating CIK cultures. The addition of human serum (HS) inhibited NK-cell activation induced by rituximab, but not activation induced by GA101.Overall lysis in presence of serum, even of a resistant B-NHL cell line, was significantly increased by 100 μg/mL of rituximab, but even more so by GA101, with respect to CIK cultures alone. This was due to the combined action of complement-mediated cytotoxicity (CDC), ADCC, and CIK-mediated NC. These data suggest that rituximab, and even more so GA101, could be used in vivo to enhance CIK therapeutic activity in B-NHL.© 2011 by The American Society of Hematology.

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