Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology LBCM

Algiers, Algeria

Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology LBCM

Algiers, Algeria
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Rafa H.,Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology LBCM | Amri M.,Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology LBCM | Saoula H.,Maillot Hospital | Belkhelfa M.,Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology LBCM | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research | Year: 2010

The pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is complex, involving a wide range of molecules including cytokines. Abnormalities in the expression of immunoregulatory cytokines such as interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin-12 (IL-12) may indicate a dysregulation of intestinal immunity probably associated with pathogenic events. The aim of this work was to study the implication of IFN-γ and nitric oxide (NO) in bowel disease pathogenesis. In this study, we investigated the circulating IFN-γ and IL-12 production in 2 groups of Algerian patients with IBD (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis). Moreover, systemic NO concentrations and NO generation by colonic mucosa were determined in these patients. Finally, we examined the effect of IFN-γ on NO production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of these patients. Our results indicate that IFN-γ/IL-12 production in IBD patients was increased in comparison to healthy donors. This strong production correlates with high levels of NO in sera and colonic mucosa culture. Interestingly, NO production was related to the clinical stage of IBD patients (inactive or active stage). The relationship between IFN-γ and NO production in IBD patients were confirmed by in vitro experiments and the role of IFN-γ in NO synthase induction in patients' PBMC culture was suggested. Collectively, our results show that IFN-γ plays a pivotal role in IBD pathogenesis through NO pathway. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Rafa H.,Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology LBCM | Saoula H.,MaillotHospital | Belkhelfa M.,Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology LBCM | Medjeber O.,Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology LBCM | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research | Year: 2013

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are chronic inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which are clinically present as 1 of the 2 disorders, Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) (Rogler 2004). The immune dysregulation in the intestine plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of IBD, involving a wide range of molecules, including cytokines. The aim of this work was to study the involvement of T-helper 17 (Th17) subset in the bowel disease pathogenesis by the nitric oxide (NO) pathway in Algerian patients with IBD. We investigated the correlation between the proinflammatory cytokines [(interleukin (IL)-17, IL-23, and IL-6] and NO production in 2 groups of patients. We analyzed the expression of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) encoding Th17 cytokines, cytokine receptors, and NO synthase 2 (NOS2) in plasma of the patients. In the same way, the expression of p-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and NOS2 was measured by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry. We also studied NO modulation by proinflammatory cytokines (IL-17A, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor α, or IL-1β) in the presence or absence of all-trans retinoic acid (At RA) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), monocytes, and in colonic mucosa cultures. Analysis of cytokines, cytokine receptors, and NOS2 transcripts revealed that the levels of mRNA transcripts of the indicated genes are elevated in all IBD groups. Our study shows a significant positive correlation between the NO and IL-17A, IL-23, and IL-6 levels in plasma of the patients with IBD. Interestingly, the correlation is significantly higher in patients with active CD. Our study shows that both p-STAT3 and inducible NOS expression was upregulated in PBMCs and colonic mucosa, especially in patients with active CD. At RA downregulates NO production in the presence of proinflammatory cytokines for the 2 groups of patients. Collectively, our study indicates that the IL-23/IL-17A axis plays a pivotal role in IBD pathogenesis through the NO pathway. © 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

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