Nagasaki-shi, Japan
Nagasaki-shi, Japan

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Ozaki K.-i.,Laboratory of Cell Regulation | Kosugi M.,Laboratory of Cell Regulation | Baba N.,Laboratory of Cell Regulation | Fujio K.,Laboratory of Cell Regulation | And 4 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2010

Deregulated activation of protein tyrosine kinases, such as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and Abl, is associated with human cancers including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Although inhibitors of such activated kinases have proved to be of therapeutic benefit in individuals with NSCLC or CML, some patients manifest intrinsic or acquired resistance to these drugs. We now show that, whereas blockade of either the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway or the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway alone induced only a low level of cell death, it markedly sensitized NSCLC or CML cells to the induction of apoptosis by histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors. Such enhanced cell death induced by the respective drug combinations was apparent even in NSCLC or CML cells exhibiting resistance to EGFR or Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitors, respectively. Co-administration of a cytostatic signaling pathway inhibitor may contribute to the development of safer anticancer strategies by lowering the required dose of cytotoxic HDAC inhibitors for a variety of cancers. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Hattori Y.,Hoshi University | Shibuya K.,Hoshi University | Kojima K.,Hoshi University | Miatmoko A.,Hoshi University | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2015

Previously, we found that the injection of zoledronic acid (ZOL) into mice bearing tumor induced changes of the vascular structure in the tumor. In this study, we examined whether ZOL treatment could decrease interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) via change of tumor vasculature, and enhance the antitumor efficacy of liposomal doxorubicin (Doxil®). When ZOL solution was injected at 40 μg/mouse per day for three consecutive days into mice bearing murine Lewis lung carcinoma LLC tumor, depletion of macrophages in tumor tissue and decreased density of tumor vasculature were observed. Furthermore, ZOL treatments induced inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-10 and -12, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in serum of LLC tumor-bearing mice, but not in normal mice, indicating that ZOL treatments might induce an inflammatory response in tumor tissue. Furthermore, ZOL treatments increased antitumor activity by Doxil in mice bearing a subcutaneous LLC tumor, although they did not significantly increase the tumor accumulation of doxorubicin (DXR). These results suggest that ZOL treatments might increase the therapeutic efficacy of Doxil via improvement of DXR distribution in a tumor by changing the tumor vasculature. ZOL treatment can be an alternative approach to increase the antitumor effect of liposomal drugs.

Ishitani T.,Unit on Nervous Development Systems | Ishitani T.,Laboratory of Cell Regulation | Ishitani T.,Kyushu University | Hirao T.,Unit on Nervous Development Systems | And 8 more authors.
Nature Cell Biology | Year: 2010

The Notch signalling pathway has a crucial function in determining cell fates in multiple tissues within metazoan organisms. On binding to ligands, the Notch receptor is cleaved proteolytically and releases its intracellular domain (NotchICD). The NotchICD enters the nucleus and acts cooperatively with other factors to stimulate the transcription of target genes. High levels of Notch-mediated transcriptional activation require the formation of a ternary complex consisting of NotchICD, CSL (CBF-1, suppressor of hairless, LAG-1) and a Mastermind family member. However, it is still not clear how the formation of the ternary complex is regulated. Here we show that Nemo-like kinase (NLK) negatively regulates Notch-dependent transcriptional activation by decreasing the formation of this ternary complex. Using a biochemical screen, we identified Notch as a new substrate of NLK. NLK-phosphorylated Notch1ICD is impaired in its ability to form a transcriptionally active ternary complex. Furthermore, knockdown of NLK leads to hyperactivation of Notch signalling and consequently decreases neurogenesis in zebrafish. Our results both define a new function for NLK and reveal a previously unidentified mode of regulation in the Notch signalling pathway. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

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