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Militello in Val di Catania, Italy

Sabatino L.,Laboratory of Catania | Scordino M.,Laboratory of Catania | Panto V.,Laboratory of Catania | Chiappara E.,Laboratory of Catania | And 2 more authors.
Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B Surveillance | Year: 2013

Recently, legislative decisions withdrew or temporarily suspended the use of neonicotinoids and fipronil as seeds tanning in many countries because of their endocrine-disrupting activity imputable to the bees' toxicity. In this study, the occurrence of acetamiprid, fipronil, clothianidin, flonicamid, imidacloprid, nitenpyram, thiacloprid and thiamethoxam was detected in 66 samples of commercial treated corn seeds, collected in the Italian market in the frame of ministerial institutional quality control activity. Because of the lack of a validated analytical protocol for neonicotinoid detection in seeds, a routinely suitable liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy (LC-MS/MS) analytical method was developed and statistically validated on fortified corn seeds. Survey results demonstrated that 88% of the investigated seed samples showed the presence of residues of clothianidin, fipronil, thiamethoxam and thiacloprid, either individually or simultaneously, with values that ranged from about 0.002 to 20 mg kg-1, which evidenced the alarming illicit use of these pesticides in seed treatments. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Sabatino L.,Laboratory of Catania | Scordino M.,Laboratory of Catania | Gargano M.,Laboratory of Catania | Lazzaro F.,Laboratory of Catania | And 3 more authors.
Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B Surveillance | Year: 2012

An analytical method was developed for investigating aminocarminic acid occurrence in E120-labelled red-coloured-beverages and in E120 additives, with the aim of controlling the purity of the carmine additive in countries where the use of aminocarminic acid is forbidden. The carminic acid and the aminocarminic acid were separated by high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array-tandem mass spectrography (HPLC-PDA-MS/MS). The method was statistically validated. The regression lines, ranging from 10 to 100 mg/L, showed r2> 0.9996. Recoveries from 97% to 101% were obtained for the fortification level of 50 mg/L; the relative standard deviations did not exceed 3%. The LODs were below 2 mg/L, whereas the LOQs did not exceed 4 mg/L. The method was successfully applied to 27 samples of commercial E120-labelled red-coloured beverages and E120 additives, collected in Italy during quality control investigations conducted by the Ministry. The results demonstrated that more than 50% of the samples contained aminocarminic acid, evidencing the alarming illicit use of this semi-synthetic carmine acid derivative. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Sabatino L.,Laboratory of Catania | Scarangella M.,Laboratory of Catania | Lazzaro F.,Laboratory of Catania | Scordino M.,Laboratory of Catania | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes | Year: 2015

A reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method (HPLC/MS-MS) has been developed and validated for detection of alkaloids matrine and oxymatrine in fertilizer with labeled enhancer plant defense activities. The analytical method was validated statistically. The results show a strong matrix effect, requiring quantification by standard addition method. The regression lines showed r2 > 0.994. Recoveries ranging from 97 to 104% were obtained for the fortification level of 0.01% wt wt−1 and the relative standard deviations ranged from 3 to 4% (n = 10). The limits of detection were below 0.0001% wt wt−1, while the limits of quantification did not exceed 0.0004% wt wt−1. The method is currently applied in ICQRF Laboratory of Catania on fertilized and corroborant plant extract collected in the Italian market in the frame of MIPAAF institutional quality control activity, with the aim to dectect these unpermitted active substances. © 2015, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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