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Rheinheimer J.,Laboratory of Biology of Human Pancreatic Islets | Rheinheimer J.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | de Oliveira F.S.,Laboratory of Biology of Human Pancreatic Islets | Canani L.H.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | And 2 more authors.
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia | Year: 2014

Objective: To evaluate the association of the PTPN2 rs1893217 polymorphism with T1DM and/ or its clinical and laboratory characteristics in a Caucasian population from Southern Brazil. Subjects and methods: Four hundred and eighty six patients with T1DM and 484 non-diabetic subjects were included in the study. Genotyping of the PTPN2 rs1893217 was performed by real-time PCR. Results: Genotype frequencies did not differ between T1DM patients and non-diabetic subjects (P = 0.265). The C allele was observed in 14.5% of the T1DM sample and 12.2% of the non-diabetic group (P = 0.152). Moreover, the frequencies of this variant did not differ statistically between T1DM patients and non-diabetic subjects when assuming recessive, dominant, or additive inheritance models. The clinical and laboratory characteristics of T1DM patients did not differ significantly among the three genotypes of the rs1893217 polymorphism, either. Conclusion: The PTPN2 rs1893217 polymorphism is not significantly associated with T1DM in Caucasian subjects from Southern Brazil. © ABE&M todos os direitos reservados. Source


Rheinheimer J.,Laboratory of Biology of Human Pancreatic Islets | Rheinheimer J.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Ziegelmann P.K.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Carlessi R.,Laboratory of Biology of Human Pancreatic Islets | And 7 more authors.
Islets | Year: 2015

Collagenases are critical reagents determining yield and quality of isolated human pancreatic islets and may affect islet transplantation outcome. Some islet transplantation centers have compared 2 or more collagenase blends; however, the results regarding differences in quantity and quality of islets are conflicting. Thus, for the first time, a mixed treatment comparison (MTC) meta-analysis was carried out to compile data about the effect of different collagenases used for human pancreas digestion on islet yield, purity, viability and stimulation index (SI). Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane libraries were searched. Of 755 articles retrieved, a total of 15 articles fulfilled the eligibility criteria and were included in the MTC meta-analysis. Our results revealed that Vitacyte and Liberase MTF were associated with a small increase in islet yield (islet equivalent number/g pancreas) when compared with Sevac enzyme [standardized mean difference (95% credible interval - CrI) D -2.19 (-4.25 to -0.21) and -2.28 (-4.49 to -0.23), respectively]. However, all other enzyme comparisons did not show any significant difference regarding islet yield. Purity and viability percentages were not significantly different among any of the analyzed digestion enzymes. Interestingly, Vitacyte and Serva NB1 were associated with increased SI when compared with Liberase MTF enzyme [unstandardized weighted mean difference (95% CrI) D -1.69 (-2.87 to -0.51) and -1.07 (-1.79 to -0.39), respectively]. In conclusion, our MTC meta-analysis suggests that the digestion enzymes currently being used for islet isolation works with similar efficiency regarding islet yield, purity and viability; however, Vitacyte and Serva NB1 enzymes seem to be associated with an improved SI as compared with Liberase MTF. © 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

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