Laboratory of Bioimaging Probe Development

Singapore, Singapore

Laboratory of Bioimaging Probe Development

Singapore, Singapore
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Zhai D.,National University of Singapore | Xu W.,National University of Singapore | Zhang L.,National University of Singapore | Zhang L.,CAS Hefei Institutes of Physical Science | And 2 more authors.
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2014

"Aggregation-caused signal change" is a well-established mechanism by now and has been widely used as the basis for optical probe and sensor development. Compared to aggregation, its reverse process, disaggregation, has received much less attention and is not properly discussed in the literature so far. With the less established paradigm or mechanism, although some of the reported sensors and probes seem to work through disaggregation phenomena, the proper interpretation of the results and applying the concept to novel probe development is seriously hampered. The process from aggregation to disaggregation generally causes a recovery or enhancement of fluorescence signals, and thus provides an interesting new path to design "turn-on" probes. This tutorial review will provide the balanced comparison between aggregation and disaggregation mechanism, and focuses on the less explored advantages of "disaggregation" as a novel sensing mechanism and its recent applications in probe development. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014.


Wang L.,National University of Singapore | Zhang J.,Fudan University | Kim B.,Laboratory of Bioimaging Probe Development | Peng J.,Laboratory of Bioimaging Probe Development | And 7 more authors.
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2016

Fluorescent probes have emerged as an essential tool in the molecular recognition events in biological systems; however, due to the complex structures of certain biomolecules, it remains a challenge to design small-molecule fluorescent probes with high sensitivity and selectivity. Inspired by the enzyme-catalyzed reaction between biomolecule and probe, we present a novel combination-reaction two-step sensing strategy to improve sensitivity and selectivity. Based on this strategy, we successfully prepared a turn-on fluorescent reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) probe, in which boronic acid was introduced to bind with NADH and subsequently accelerate the sensing process. This probe shows remarkably improved sensitivity (detection limit: 0.084 μM) and selectivity to NADH in the absence of any enzymes. In order to improve the practicality, the boronic acid was further modified to change the measurement conditions from alkalescent (pH 9.5) to physiological environment (pH 7.4). Utilizing these probes, we not only accurately quantified the NADH weight in a health care product but also evaluated intracellular NADH levels in live cell imaging. Thus, these bio-inspired fluorescent probes offer excellent tools for elucidating the roles of NADH in biological systems as well as a practical strategy to develop future sensitive and selective probes for complicated biomolecules. © 2016 American Chemical Society.


Tang L.A.L.,National University of Singapore | Wang J.,National University of Singapore | Lim T.K.,National University of Singapore | Bi X.,Laboratory of Bioimaging Probe Development | And 7 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2012

Phosphopeptides play a crucial role in many biological processes and constitute some of the most powerful biomarkers in disease detection. However they are often present in very low concentration, which makes their detection highly challenging. Here, we demonstrate the use of a solution-dispersible graphene-titania platform for the selective extraction of phosphopeptides from peptide mixtures. This is followed by direct analysis by surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS). The efficient charge and energy exchange between graphene and TiO2 during laser irradiation in SELDI-TOF MS promotes the soft ionization of analytes and affords a detection limit in the attomole range, which is 102-10 5 more sensitive than conventional platforms. The graphene-titania platform can also be used for detecting phosphopeptides in cancer cells (HeLa cells), where it shows high specificity (94%). An expanded library of 967 unique phosphopeptides is detected using significantly reduced loading of extraction matrixes compared to conventional TiO2 bead-based assays. © 2012 American Chemical Society.


Yuan L.,National University of Singapore | Yuan L.,Hunan University | Wang L.,National University of Singapore | Agrawalla B.K.,National University of Singapore | And 7 more authors.
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2015

Hypochlorous acid (HOCl), as a highly potent oxidant, is well-known as a key "killer" for pathogens in the innate immune system. Recently, mounting evidence indicates that intracellular HOCl plays additional important roles in regulating inflammation and cellular apoptosis. However, the organelle(s) involved in the distribution of HOCl remain unknown, causing difficulty to fully exploit its biological functions in cellular signaling pathways and various diseases. One of the main reasons lies in the lack of effective chemical tools to directly detect HOCl at subcellular levels due to low concentration, strong oxidization, and short lifetime of HOCl. Herein, the first two-photon fluorescent HOCl probe (TP-HOCl 1) and its mitochondria- (MITO-TP) and lysosome- (LYSO-TP) targetable derivatives for imaging mitochondrial and lysosomal HOCl were reported. These probes exhibit fast response (within seconds), good selectivity, and high sensitivity (<20 nM) toward HOCl. In live cell experiments, both probes MITO-TP and LYSO-TP were successfully applied to detect intracellular HOCl in corresponding organelles. In particular, the two-photon imaging of MITO-TP and LYSO-TP in murine model shows that higher amount of HOCl can be detected in both lysosome and mitochondria of macrophage cells during inflammation condition. Thus, these probes could not only help clarify the distribution of subcellular HOCl, but also serve as excellent tools to exploit and elucidate functions of HOCl at subcellular levels. (Chemical Equation Presented). © 2015 American Chemical Society.


Cervantes S.,University of California at Riverside | Stout P.E.,Georgia Institute of Technology | Prudhomme J.,University of California at Riverside | Engel S.,Georgia Institute of Technology | And 9 more authors.
BMC Infectious Diseases | Year: 2012

Background: The human malaria parasite remains a burden in developing nations. It is responsible for up to one million deaths a year, a number that could rise due to increasing multi-drug resistance to all antimalarial drugs currently available. Therefore, there is an urgent need for the discovery of new drug therapies. Recently, our laboratory developed a simple one-step fluorescence-based live cell-imaging assay to integrate the complex biology of the human malaria parasite into drug discovery. Here we used our newly developed live cell-imaging platform to discover novel marine natural products and their cellular phenotypic effects against the most lethal malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum.Methods: A high content live cell imaging platform was used to screen marine extracts effects on malaria. Parasites were grown in vitro in the presence of extracts, stained with RNA sensitive dye, and imaged at timed intervals with the BD Pathway HT automated confocal microscope.Results: Image analysis validated our new methodology at a larger scale level and revealed potential antimalarial activity of selected extracts with a minimal cytotoxic effect on host red blood cells. To further validate our assay, we investigated parasite's phenotypes when incubated with the purified bioactive natural product bromophycolide A. We show that bromophycolide A has a strong and specific morphological effect on parasites, similar to the ones observed from the initial extracts.Conclusion: Collectively, our results show that high-content live cell-imaging (HCLCI) can be used to screen chemical libraries and identify parasite specific inhibitors with limited host cytotoxic effects. All together we provide new leads for the discovery of novel antimalarials. © 2011 Cervantes et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


PubMed | Yonsei University, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, National University of Singapore, Kyushu University and Laboratory of Bioimaging Probe Development
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English) | Year: 2016

A diradical approach to obtain stable organic dyes with intense absorption around =1100nm is reported. The para- and meta-quinodimethane-bridged BODIPY dimers BD-1 and BD-2 were synthesized and were found to have a small amount of diradical character. These molecules exhibited very intense absorption at =1088nm (=6.6510(5) M(-1) cm(-1) ) and 1136nm (=6.4410(5) M(-1) cm(-1) ), respectively, together with large two-photon-absorption cross-sections. Structural isomerization induced little variation in their diradical character but distinctive differences in their physical properties. Moreover, the compounds showed a selective fluorescence turn-on response in the presence of the hydroxyl radical but not with other reactive oxygen species.


PubMed | Fudan University, Laboratory of Bioimaging Probe Development, National University of Singapore and Hunan University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2016

Fluorescent probes have emerged as an essential tool in the molecular recognition events in biological systems; however, due to the complex structures of certain biomolecules, it remains a challenge to design small-molecule fluorescent probes with high sensitivity and selectivity. Inspired by the enzyme-catalyzed reaction between biomolecule and probe, we present a novel combination-reaction two-step sensing strategy to improve sensitivity and selectivity. Based on this strategy, we successfully prepared a turn-on fluorescent reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) probe, in which boronic acid was introduced to bind with NADH and subsequently accelerate the sensing process. This probe shows remarkably improved sensitivity (detection limit: 0.084 M) and selectivity to NADH in the absence of any enzymes. In order to improve the practicality, the boronic acid was further modified to change the measurement conditions from alkalescent (pH 9.5) to physiological environment (pH 7.4). Utilizing these probes, we not only accurately quantified the NADH weight in a health care product but also evaluated intracellular NADH levels in live cell imaging. Thus, these bio-inspired fluorescent probes offer excellent tools for elucidating the roles of NADH in biological systems as well as a practical strategy to develop future sensitive and selective probes for complicated biomolecules.


PubMed | Laboratory of Bioimaging Probe Development and National University of Singapore
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology | Year: 2016

Selection of a specific neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) has attracted broad attention in regenerative medicine for neurological disorders. Here, we report a fluorescent probe, CDg13, and its application for isolating strong neurogenic NSPCs. In comparison to the NSPCs isolated by other biomarkers, CDg13-stained NSPCs showed higher capability to differentiate into neurons. Target identification revealed that the fluorescence intensity of the probe within cells is inversely proportional to the expression levels of mouse and human Abcg2 transporters. These findings suggest that low Abcg2 expression is a biomarker for neurogenic NSPCs in mouse brain. Furthermore, CDg13 can be used to isolate Abcg2


Vendrell M.,University of Barcelona | Vendrell M.,Laboratory of Bioimaging Probe Development | Molero A.,University of Barcelona | Molero A.,CIBER ISCIII | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2011

The incorporation of chemical modifications into the structure of bioactive compounds is often difficult because the biological properties of the new molecules must be retained with respect to the native ligand. Ergopeptides, with their high affinities at D1 and D2 dopamine receptors, are particularly complex examples. Here, we report the systematic derivatization of two ergopeptides with different peptide-based spacers and their evaluation by radioligand binding assays. Selected spacer-containing ergopeptides with minimal biological alteration and a proper anchoring point were further derivatized with a biotin reporter. Detailed characterization studies identified 13 as a biotin ergopeptide maintaining high affinity and agonist behavior at dopamine receptors, being a useful tool for the study of heteromers involving D1R, D2R, or D3R. © 2011 American Chemical Society.


Jung J.,University of Ulsan | Jung J.,Duksung Womens University | Park S.-J.,University of Ulsan | Park S.-J.,Laboratory of Bioimaging Probe Development | And 9 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2012

Purpose: To reduce the side effects and improve the efficacy of chemoradiation therapy, taxanes were incorporated into polymeric nanoparticles (PNP), and their synergic effect on radiation therapy in non-small cell lung cancer was evaluated. Methods and Materials: The properties of PNP-taxanes were characterized by transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. The chemoradiotherapeutic efficacy of PNP-taxanes was determined by clonogenic assay, cellular morphology, and flow cytometry in A549 cells. In mice bearing A549-derived tumors, the tumor growth delay was examined after the treatment of PNP-taxanes and/or ionizing radiation (IR). Results: The PNP-taxanes were found to be approximately 45 nm in average diameter and to have high solubility in water. They showed the properties of active internalization into cells and preserved the anticancer effect of free taxanes. The survival fraction of A549 cells by clonogenic assay was significantly reduced in the group receiving combined treatment of PNP-taxanes and IR. In addition, in vivo radiotherapeutic efficacy was markedly enhanced by the intravenous injection of PNP-taxanes into the xenograft mice. Conclusions: We have demonstrated the feasibility of PNP-taxanes to enhance the efficacy of chemoradiation therapy. These results suggest PNP-taxanes can hold an invaluable and promising position in treating human cancers as a novel and effective chemoradiation therapy agent. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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