Laboratory of Animal Pathology

Victoria de Durango, Mexico

Laboratory of Animal Pathology

Victoria de Durango, Mexico
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Alvarado-Esquivel C.,Mexico State University | Garcia-Machado C.,Laboratory of Animal Pathology | Vitela-Corrales J.,Laboratory of Animal Pathology | Villena I.,Hospital Maison Blanche | Dubey J.P.,U.S. Department of Agriculture
Veterinary Parasitology | Year: 2011

Little is known concerning the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in goats in Mexico. Antibodies to T. gondii were determined in 562 goats in Durango, Mexico using the modified agglutination test. Goats were raised in 12 farms in two geographical regions: semi-desert (n= 70) and mountains (n= 492). Overall, antibodies to T. gondii were found in 174 (31%) of 562 goats, with titers of 1:25 in 18, 1:50 in 12, 1:100 in 10, 1:200 in 30, 1:400 in 32, 1:800 in 40, 1:1600 in 17, and 1:3200 or higher in 15. Seroprevalence of T. gondii increased with age, and varied with breed and geographic region; goats raised in the semi-desert region (Nubian breed) had a significantly higher seroprevalence (32.7%) than those raised in the mountains (mixed breed) (18.6%). Seropositive goats were found in all 12 (100%) farms sampled. This is the first report of T. gondii infection in goats in Durango State, Mexico. Results indicate that infected goats are likely an important source of T. gondii infection in humans in Durango State. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


PubMed | Laboratory of Microbiology, Laboratory of Genetics and Bacterial Taxonomy, State University Londrina and Laboratory of Animal Pathology
Type: | Journal: Journal of comparative pathology | Year: 2017

A 40-day-old male, blue heeler puppy with hindlimb ataxia, nystagmus, apathy, motor incoordination and hyperaesthesia of the forelimbs died 3 days after the onset of clinical signs. Significant gross findings included cerebellar herniation, cerebral oedema and dilation of the third and right lateral cerebral ventricles due to the accumulation of a purulent exudate. Histopathological examination revealed pyogenic ventriculitis and purulent meningoencephalitis. Pure colonies of a coagulase-positive Staphylococcus were isolated from the purulent cerebral exudate. A polymerase chain reaction assay that targeted the 16S rRNA gene of bacteria amplified the desired product from bacterial colonies. Direct sequencing revealed the organism to be Staphylococcus pseudintermedius. Phylogenetic analyses showed that the organism was antigenically similar to Staphylococcus intermedius and Staphylococcus delphini, being part of the S. intermedius group of bacteria. These findings confirmed the participation of S. pseudintermedius in the development of the pathological manifestations and lesions observed in this puppy.


PubMed | State University Londrina, Laboratory of Animal Virology and Laboratory of Animal Pathology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of comparative pathology | Year: 2016

This study investigated the cause of the mortality of piglets with cutaneous, enteric and neurological disorders from seven pig farms located in different geographical regions of Brazil. Twelve 1- to 5-day-old piglets were submitted for pathological evaluation. The principal gross findings included faint rib impressions on the pleural surface of the lungs (n=9), diphtheritic glossitis (n=6) and ulcerative lesions at the coronary band (n=5). Histopathology revealed interstitial pneumonia (n=12), myocarditis (n=6), diphtheritic glossitis (n=3), encephalitis (n=3) and atrophy of intestinal villi with vacuolation of the superficial epithelial cells (n=6). Immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibodies specific for Senecavirus A (SenV-A) demonstrated immunoreactivity of the choroid plexus of the cerebrum, degenerate epithelium of ulcerative lesions of the tongue, the urothelium of the kidney and urinary bladder, and the superficial cells of the intestine. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR), PCR and/or quantitative PCR assays were used to investigate viral agents associated with vesicular and/or enteric diseases. Antigens and RNA of SenV-A were identified in multiple tissues of all piglets; molecular assays for all other viruses evaluated yielded negative results. These findings confirm the participation of SenV-A in the multiple lesions observed in these piglets. Several theories are proposed: SenV-A may be eliminated via the urinary system, neurological disease may occur due to initial invasion of choroid plexus, enteric disease may be related to atrophy and fusion of villi of the small intestine, and vertical transmission could be a form of dissemination.


Alvarado-Esquivel C.,Mexico State University | Garcia-Machado C.,Mexico State University | Garcia-Machado C.,Laboratory of Animal Pathology | Alvarado-Esquivel D.,Mexico State University | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Parasitology | Year: 2011

Little is known concerning the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pigs in Mexico. Accordingly, antibodies to T. gondii were determined in 1,074 domestic pigs in Durango, Mexico using the modified agglutination test. Two groups (A, B) of pigs were sampled: Group A pigs (n = 555) were raised in 3 geographical regions in Durango State and Group B pigs (n = 519) were from Sonora State but slaughtered in Durango City. Overall, antibodies to T. gondii were found in 136 (12.7%) of 1,074 pigs with titers of 1:25 in 29, 1:50 in 23, 1:100 in 18, 1:200 in 22, 1:400 in 12, 1:800 in 8, 1:1,600 in 2, and 1:3,200 or higher in 22. Of the pigs raised in Durango State, seroprevalence varied with age, management, and the geographic region; pigs raised in backyards in the mountainous region had a significantly higher seroprevalence (32.1%) than those raised in the valley (13.0%) and the semi-desert regions (14.0%). In Group A pigs from Durango, seroprevalence of T. gondii infection was significantly higher in pigs older than 8 mo (19.5%) than in younger pigs (10.9%). In the whole pig population (Groups A and B together), seroprevalence was higher in pigs raised in Durango (16.0%) than in those raised in Sonora (9.1%) and higher in mixed-breed pigs (15.7%) than in pure-bred pigs (10.3%). This is the first, in-depth study on the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection of pigs in Mexico and the first report on pigs from Durango State, Mexico. Results indicate that infected pork is likely an important source of T. gondii infection for humans in Durango State. © 2011 American Society of Parasitologists.


Bregano L.C.,Laboratory of Virology | Agostinho S.D.,Laboratory of Virology | Roncatti F.L.B.T.,Laboratory of Virology | Pires M.C.,Laboratory of Virology | And 4 more authors.
Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica | Year: 2011

In most viral infections of the central nervous system (CNS), the integrity of brain extracelluar matrix (ECM), oxidative stress and dysfunction in neuronal transmission may contribute to the observed pathology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of these factors in demyelinating canine distemper virus (CDV) infections. Regardless of ECM integrity, the expression of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) was visualized in microglial-like cells, whereas the expression of anti-oxidant like-1 (AOP-1) and synaptosomal associated protein (SNAP-25) was frequently detected in Purkinje cells (r2 = 0.989; p < 0.05), regardless of whether the lesions were classified as acute or chronic. Increased numbers of immunolabeled microglia-like cells and reactive gliosis were observed in advanced cases of demyelinating CDV, suggesting that the expression of AOP-1 and SNAP-25 is correlated with the ultimate death of affected cells. Our findings bring a new perspective to understanding the role of the AOP-1, MMP-9 and SNAP-25 proteins in mediating chronic leukoencephalitis caused by CDV. © Polish Society for Histochemistry and Cytochemistry Folia Histochem Cytobiol. 2011.


Alvarado-Esquivel C.,Mexico State University | Garcia-Machado C.,Mexico State University | Alvarado-Esquivel D.,Mexico State University | Vitela-Corrales J.,Laboratory of Animal Pathology | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Parasitology | Year: 2012

The seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in sheep (Ovis aries) in northern Mexico is largely unknown. Antibodies to T. gondii were determined in serum samples from 511 sheep from 8 farms in Durango State, Mexico, using the modified agglutination test (MAT). Sheep were raised in 3 geographical regions, i.e., mountainous (n = 68), semi-desert (n = 132), and valley (n = 311). Overall, T. gondii antibodies were found in 77 (15.1%) of 511 sheep, with MAT titers of 1:25 in 27, 1:50 in 10, 1:100 in 11, 1:200 in 11, 1:400 in 8, 1:800 in 3, 1:1,600 in 4, and 1:3,200 in 3. The seroprevalence of T. gondii infection increased significantly with age, indicating post-natal transmission. In contrast, gender, breed, flock size, and geographic region did not significantly influence the seroprevalence. Seropositive sheep were found in 7 of 8 farms sampled. This is the first report of T. gondii infection in sheep in Durango State, Mexico. Results indicate that infected sheep are probably an important source of T. gondii infection for humans in Durango State. © 2012 American Society of Parasitologists.


Alvarado-Esquivel C.,Mexico State University | Gonzalez-Salazar A.M.,Laboratory of Animal Pathology | Alvarado-Esquivel D.,Mexico State University | Ontiveros-Vazquez F.,Laboratory of Animal Pathology | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Parasitology | Year: 2012

Little is known concerning the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in chickens (Gallus domesticus) in Mexico. Antibodies to T. gondii were determined in 519 chickens in Durango, Mexico using the modified agglutination test (MAT). Two groups (A, B) of chickens were sampled. Group A chickens (n = 51) were raised in backyards in 7 municipalities in 3 geographical regions in Durango State. Group B chickens were raised in farms in the Mexican States of Sinaloa (n = 289) and Nayarit (n = 179) but slaughtered in 2 abattoirs in Durango City. Overall, antibodies to T. gondii were found in 36 (6.9%) of 519 chickens, with MAT titers of 1:25 in 22, 1:50 in 8, 1:100 in 2, 1:200 in 3, and 1:400 in 1. Seroprevalence of T. gondii increased significantly with age and was significantly higher in Group A chickens than in Group B chickens. In Group A chickens, a 25.5% seroprevalence of T. gondii infection was found. Seropositive chickens were found in all 7 municipalities sampled. In Group B chickens, the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection was 4.9%. This is the first report of T. gondii infection in chickens in Durango State, Mexico. © 2012 American Society of Parasitologists.

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