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Baietti M.F.,Laboratory for Glycobiology and Developmental Genetics | Baietti M.F.,Laboratory for Signal Integration in Cell Fate Decision | Baietti M.F.,Center for the Biology of Disease | Zhang Z.,Laboratory for Glycobiology and Developmental Genetics | And 17 more authors.
Nature Cell Biology | Year: 2012

The biogenesis of exosomes, small secreted vesicles involved in signalling processes, remains incompletely understood. Here, we report evidence that the syndecan heparan sulphate proteoglycans and their cytoplasmic adaptor syntenin control the formation of exosomes. Syntenin interacts directly with ALIX through LYPX(n)L motifs, similarly to retroviral proteins, and supports the intraluminal budding of endosomal membranes. Syntenin exosomes depend on the availability of heparan sulphate, syndecans, ALIX and ESCRTs, and impact on the trafficking and confinement of FGF signals. This study identifies a key role for syndecan-syntenin-ALIX in membrane transport and signalling processes. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.


Wawrzyniak A.M.,Laboratory for Signal Integration in Cell Fate Decision | Vermeiren E.,Laboratory for Signal Integration in Cell Fate Decision | Zimmermann P.,Laboratory for Signal Integration in Cell Fate Decision | Ivarsson Y.,Laboratory for Signal Integration in Cell Fate Decision
FEBS Letters | Year: 2012

Syntenin-1 is a PDZ protein involved in receptor recycling and clustering. Its two PDZ domains interact with various receptors and phosphoinositides, and are flanked by N- and C-terminal regions. Here, we report the identification of an autoinhibitory peptide stretch in the N-terminus that might be regulated by phosphorylation. We further establish that basic residues in the C-terminal region mediate electrostatic interactions with reconstituted liposomes and contribute to the plasma membrane targeting. Our study adds new components to the multi-dentate membrane targeting mechanism and highlights the role of N- and C-terminal PDZ extensions in the regulation of syntenin-1 plasma membrane localization. © 2012 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Aix - Marseille University and Laboratory for Signal Integration in Cell Fate Decision
Type: | Journal: Frontiers in pharmacology | Year: 2015

The scaffold protein syntenin abounds during fetal life where it is important for developmental movements. In human adulthood, syntenin gain-of-function is increasingly associated with various cancers and poor prognosis. Depending on the cancer model analyzed, syntenin affects various signaling pathways. We previously have shown that syntenin allows syndecan heparan sulfate proteoglycans to escape degradation. This indicates that syntenin has the potential to support sustained signaling of a plethora of growth factors and adhesion molecules. Here, we aim to clarify the impact of syntenin loss-of-function on cancer cell migration, growth, and proliferation, using cells from various cancer types and syntenin shRNA and siRNA silencing approaches. We observed decreased migration, growth, and proliferation of the mouse melanoma cell line B16F10, the human colon cancer cell line HT29 and the human breast cancer cell line MCF7. We further documented that syntenin controls the presence of active 1 integrin at the cell membrane and G1/S cell cycle transition as well as the expression levels of CDK4, Cyclin D2, and Retinoblastoma proteins. These data confirm that syntenin supports the migration and growth of tumor cells, independently of their origin, and further highlight the attractiveness of syntenin as potential therapeutic target.


PubMed | Laboratory for Signal Integration in Cell Fate Decision
Type: Journal Article | Journal: FEBS letters | Year: 2012

Syntenin-1 is a PDZ protein involved in receptor recycling and clustering. Its two PDZ domains interact with various receptors and phosphoinositides, and are flanked by N- and C-terminal regions. Here, we report the identification of an autoinhibitory peptide stretch in the N-terminus that might be regulated by phosphorylation. We further establish that basic residues in the C-terminal region mediate electrostatic interactions with reconstituted liposomes and contribute to the plasma membrane targeting. Our study adds new components to the multi-dentate membrane targeting mechanism and highlights the role of N- and C-terminal PDZ extensions in the regulation of syntenin-1 plasma membrane localization.

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