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Maric A.,University of Mostar | Banozic A.,Laboratory for Pain Research | Cosic A.,University of Mostar | Kraljevic S.,University of Split | And 2 more authors.
Periodicum Biologorum

Background and Purpose: Pain catastrophizing is an important risk factor for pain and pain-related outcomes. There is no validated Croatian version of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), the most commonly used questionnaire for assessment of pain catastrophizing. The aims of this study were to validate the Croatian version of the PCS and to study whether formal medical education has correlation with pain catastrophizing. Participants and Methods: Translation and back-translation of the original English version of the PCS to Croatian language was made. The Croatian Pain Catastrophizing Scale (Cro-PCS) was given to 521 healthy students from first and last year of medicine and economics. Results: The Cro-PCS showed the same 3-factor structure (rumination, magnification and helplessness) as the original study. It also showed appropriate internal consistency (Cronbach alpha = 0.88). When compared to students of economics, last-year medical students had significantly lower rumination score, which accounts for the largest proportion of pain catastrophizing variance. Conclusions: The Croatian version of PCS shows appropriate psychometric properties, similar to the English original scale. Therefore, Cro-PCS could be useful for clinical practice and research in Croatian patients. We also found that medical education may be linked with reduction in pain catastrophizing, which contributes to our understanding of effectiveness of educational interventions. Source

Sapunar D.,Laboratory for Pain Research | Kostic S.,Laboratory for Pain Research | Banozic A.,Laboratory for Pain Research | Ferhatovic L.,Laboratory for Pain Research | Puljak L.,Laboratory for Pain Research
Periodicum Biologorum

Background and Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate number and type of Croatian publications in the field of pain research, and to compare it with peers. Material and Methods: The raw data were collected during February 2011 from the three Current Contents (CC) database subsets: Life Sciences, Clinical Medicine, and Social & Behavioral Sciences. We combined two data sets: the one with articles published by authors affiliated with Croatian institutions and the one with pain-related keywords.We studied number of publications, their impact factors and type of collaborations. Publications of Croatian authors in the field of pain research were compared with identical dataset comprising articles published by researchers from Graz, Austria, because of its comparable scientific production. Results: From 1998 to 2011, scientists from Croatian institutions published 194 pain-related articles indexed in CC, compared to 187 articles published by their peers from Graz. The 32% percent of articles were published in the local low-impact journals. The number of Croatian research publications in the field of pain is steadily increasing. However, an average impact factor of journals in our cohort was significantly lower compared to peers from Graz. Conclusion: Although the number of manuscripts in the field of pain research in Croatia is increasing, the quality of published articles is still low. We propose that Croatian Association for the Treatment of Pain should take actions for enhancing pain research in Croatia, aswell as increasing the visibility and impact of Croatian pain-related research that can be transposed to other research fields and transitional countries. Source

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